logging in or signing up Soil Conservation jsamyak Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 352 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: March 12, 2013 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: SOIL CONSERVATION Made By: Samyak Jain - 04SOIL CONSERVATION: SOIL CONSERVATION Soil conservation is a set of management strategies for prevention of soil being eroded from the Earth’s surface or becoming chemically altered by overuse, acidification, salinization, soil erosion or other chemical soil contamination to retain the fertility of soil. Made By: Samyak Jain - 04METHODS FOR SOIL CONSERVATION: METHODS FOR SOIL CONSERVATION TERRACE FARMING: This method of farming uses "steps", called andenes , that are built into the side of a mountain or hill. On each anden , various crops are planted, and when it rains, instead of washing away all of the nutrients in the soil, the nutrients are carried down to the next level. Additionally, these "steps" prevent a free flowing avalanche of water that would take plants with it and destroy the all of the crops on the hillside. This system also allowed them to build aqueducts, which carried water to each andenes Made By: Samyak Jain - 04CONTOUR PLOUGHING: CONTOUR PLOUGHING C ontour farming is the farming practice of ploughing across a slope following its elevation contour lines. The rows form slow water run-off during rainstorms to prevent soil erosion and allow the water time to settle into the soil. In contour ploughing, the ruts made by the plough run perpendicular rather than parallel to slopes, generally resulting in furrows that curve around the land and are level. Made By: Samyak Jain - 04CROP ROTATION: CROP ROTATION Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons. Crop rotation confers various benefits to the soil. A traditional element of crop rotation is the replenishment of nitrogen through the use of green manure in sequence with cereals and other crops. Crop rotation also mitigates the build-up of pathogens and pests that often occurs when one species is continuously cropped, and can also improve soi structure and fertility by alternating deep-rooted and shallow-rooted plants. Made By: Samyak Jain - 04SHELTER BELTS: SHELTER BELTS Shelterbelt is a plantation usually made up of one or more rows of trees or shrubs planted in such a manner as to provide shelter from the wind and to protect soil from erosion. They are commonly planted around the edges of fields on farms. If designed properly, windbreaks around a home can reduce the cost of heating and cooling and save energy. Windbreaks are also planted to help keep snow from drifting onto roadways and even yards. Other benefits include providing habitat for wildlife and in some regions the trees are harvested for wood products. Made By: Samyak Jain - 04STRIP CROPPING : STRIP CROPPING Strip cropping is a method of farming used when a slope is too steep or too long, or when other types of farming may not prevent soil erosion. Striely sown crops such as hay, wheat, or other small grains with strips of row crops, such as corn, soybeans, cotton, or sugar beets. Made By: Samyak Jain - 04MULTIPLE CROPPING: MULTIPLE CROPPING In agriculture, multiple cropping is the practice of growing two or more crops in the same space during a single growing season. In which a second crop is planted after the first has been harvested, in which the second crop is started amidst the first crop before it has been harvested. A related practice, companion planting, is sometimes used in gardening and intensive cultivation of vegetables and fruits. Made By: Samyak Jain - 04 You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.