Female Genital Mutilation

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The practice of: Female Genital Mutilation : 

The practice of: Female Genital Mutilation Jerika Deitrick EDGI 510 Professor Cristillo Final Podcast

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Slide 3: 

3 Definition

Key facts: : 

4 Key facts: The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women. And has serious health complications In Africa an estimated 92 million girls from 10 years of age and above have undergone FGM. An estimated 100 to 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences It is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and age 15 years. FGM is internationally recognized as a violation of the human rights of girls and women.

Vocabulary: : 

Vocabulary: 5

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Prevalence : 

Prevalence 8

Reasons: : 

Reasons: 9

Reasons among Countries : 

Reasons among Countries 10

Obstacles: : 

Obstacles: 11

More Obstacles : 

More Obstacles 12

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Discussions of the cultural context of female genital cutting, in both the academic and activist literatures, as well as in popular media, often describe the practices as an 'entrenched' and 'deeply- rooted' tradition, practiced for thousands of years in parts of Africa. Much of the existing literature conveniently overlooks the dynamic cultural, political and historical contexts of the various types of genital cutting performed by different actors in widely varying contexts.” (Shell-Duncan , 2001) 13

A Family Concern : 

A Family Concern 14

Outlook : 

Outlook 15

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FGM and the United States : 

FGM and the United States Until the 1950s, FGM was performed in the United States Now a federal crime to perform on people under the age of 18 Dept of Health and Human services established interventions U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service promotes awareness as to the dangers both physically and criminally New legislation requiring financial institutions to actively oppose loans to countries who don’t actively Since 1994, seven states (California, Delaware, Minnesota, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Tennessee, and Wisconsin) passed legislation against the practice of FGM. 17

Interesting Media : 

Interesting Media http://www.metacafe.com/watch/4275383/the_cut/ The Cut” is a short documentary about Mary (14 years old) and Alice (early 20’s) from Kenya. Both are affected by the traditional rite of passage into womanhood: genital cutting. McCallum, A. (2010, March 12). Police charge woman with female genital mutilation of 10 month old. Retrieved March 12, 2010, from http://www.ledger-enquirer.com/2010/03/12/1048662/lagrange-police-charge-woman-with.html 18

In Conclusion… : 

In Conclusion… Do you view it as an important cultural practice or like me, perceive it as a humans rights infringement on both girls and women? 3/14/2010 copyright 2006 www.brainybetty.com; All Rights Reserved. 19

Work Cited : 

Work Cited Demographic and Health Survey - Egypt. (1995). Calverton, MD: Macro International Inc. pp. 173. Female Genital Cutting: Findings from the Demographic and Health Surveys Program". (1997). Calverton, MD: Macto International Inc. pp. 9. Center for Reproductive Law and Policy. (1997). "Legislation on Female Genital Mutilation in the United States". New York, NY: In Focus. pp. 4-7. 20

Works Cited continued… : 

Works Cited continued… 5. Child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse (2008, March 6). Retrieved March 12, 2010, from http://www.unicef.org/protection/index_genitalmutilation.html 6. Shell-Duncan, B. (2001) The Medicalization of Female 'Circumcision': Harm Reduction or Promotion of a Dangerous Practice? Social Science and Medicine, 52, 1013-1016. 7. Shell-Duncan, B. (2002) Conceptual and Methodological Issues in Studying Sociocultural Determinants of Female Genital Cutting. Paper presented at the Conference to Advance Research on Female Genital Cutting, Bellagio, Italy. 8. Shell-Duncan, B. and Hernlund, Y. (eds) (2000) Female "Circumcision" in Africa: Culture, Controversy, and Change (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner). 21