OHSAS 18001 HIRARC Training (English

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By: anitaabdhamid (39 month(s) ago)

Dear Sir, Appreciate if I can have your HIRARC PPT for my training. My email add is : anitaabdhamid@gmail.com. Thank you.

By: anitaabdhamid (39 month(s) ago)

Dear Sir, Appreciate if I can have your HIRARC PPT for my training.

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OHSAS 18001:2007 HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) (PENGENALPASTIAN HAZAD, PENAKSIRAN RISIKO DAN KAWALAN RISIKO):

OHSAS 18001:2007 HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) ( PENGENALPASTIAN HAZAD, PENAKSIRAN RISIKO DAN KAWALAN RISIKO) by Stephen Lim JP Power Horizon Sdn Bhd (901998-H) 012-2145412 / jp.power.stephen@gmail.com 1 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Slide 2:

Stephen Lim KJ B. Sc. (Hons) Biology, Master in Manufacturing Systems Engineering, PhD (Bus Mgt) – in-progress Auditor/Consultant/Trainer IATF ISO/TS 16949:2002 Lead Auditor IRCA ISO 9001:2008 QMS Lead Auditor IRCA ISO 14001:2004 EMS Lead Auditor IRCA ISO 22000:2005 Auditor OHSAS 18001:2007 Auditor (+6012-214 5412) (jp.power.stephen@gmail.com) J P Power Horizon Sdn Bhd (901998-H)

Purpose:

Purpose This guideline is to provide a systematic and objective approach to assessing hazards and their associated risks that will provide an objective measure of an identified hazard as well as provide a method to control the risk. It is one of the general duties as prescribed under the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514) for the employer to provide a safe workplaces to their employees and other related person. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 3

HIRARC:

HIRARC OBJEKTIF Mengenalpasti hazad, menaksir risiko dan mengawal risiko di tempat kerja dengan menggunakan kaedah standard. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 4

Importance of HIRARC Kepentingan HIRARC:

Importance of HIRARC Kepentingan HIRARC Legislation requires that this process should be systematic and be recorded The risk assessment process should be continuous and should not be regarded as a one-off exercise. Ini adalah kehendak Akta Keselamatan & Kesihatan Pekerjaan HIRARC ini haruslah dilaksanakan secara berterusan & sepanjang masa 5 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

When to do Risk Assessment ?:

When to do Risk Assessment ? Establishing new work/organisation. Review when have changes : Changes in work pattern/requirements. Materials, machinery or process change. Law/Regulation Amendments. OHS knowledge/technology improvement. 6 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Bila harus melaksanakan HIRARC?:

Bila harus melaksanakan HIRARC? Proses pengenalpastian hazad, penaksiran risiko dan kawalan risiko perlu dikaji semula sekurang-kurangnya setahun sekali. Selepas sesuatu kemalangan berlaku atau jika sekiranya terdapat hazad baru dikenalpasti, ia hendaklah dikaji semula dan langkah-langkah kawalan baru hendaklah diwujudkan untuk mengelakkan ia berulang. Sekiranya terdapat perubahan dalaman atau luaran, proses pengenalpastian hazad, penaksiran risiko dan kawalan risiko hendaklah dijalankan semula. 7 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Definition / Definisi:

Definition / Definisi Routine Activity When operations are performed in accordance to plan or within the operation conditions. Non-routine Activity When there is deviation from plan or operating conditions giving rise to change in product specification or minor accident. Hazard a source or a situation with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health, damage to property, damage to the environment or a combination of these. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 8

Definition / Definisi:

Definition / Definisi Aktiviti Rutin Semua aktiviti yang dikenalpasti dan disenaraikan di dalam jadual kerja (termasuk kerja pentadbiran). Aktiviti Bukan Rutin Aktiviti di luar daripada aktiviti rutin. Hazad Punca atau situasi yang berpotensi mendatangkan kemudaratan samada kecederaan, ketidakselesaan, kerosakan harta, kerosakan persekitaran tempat kerja atau kombinasi di antaranya . Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 9

Definition / Definisi:

Risk is the combination of the likelihood and severity of a specified hazardous event occurring. In mathematical term, risk can be calculated by the equation Risiko Kombinasi kebarangkalian dan akibat untuk sesuatu kemudaratan yang spesifik berlaku. 10 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim Definition / Definisi Risk = Likelihood (L) x Severity (S) Risiko = Kebarangkalian Kejadian (L) x Keterukan Hazad (S)

Definition / Definisi:

11 HI RARC H azard I dentification Process of recognizing that a hazard exists & defining its characteristics Pengenalpastian Hazad Proses mengenalpasti kewujudan hazad dan menjelaskan ciri-cirinya. Definition / Definisi

Definition / Definisi:

12 HI RA RC R isk A ssessment Process of evaluating the risk (s) arising from hazard (s), taking into account adequacy of exiting controls & deciding whether or not the risk is acceptable Penilaian Risiko Proses menilai risiko terhadap keselamatan dan kesihatan yang terhasil daripada hazad di tempat kerja. Definition / Definisi

Definition / Definisi:

13 HIRA RC R isk C ontrol Identification of practicable measures for eliminating or reducing the risk , to implement the measures and to continually review the measures in order to ensure their effectiveness. Kawalan Risiko Menentukan cara-cara mengurangkan atau menghapuskan RISIKO yang dihadapi, kemudian melaksanakannya dan terus melaksanakan pembaharuan untuk memastikan keselamatan dan kesihatan di tempat kerja . Definition / Definisi

HIRARC Procedure:

HIRARC Procedure Process of HIRARC requires 4 simple steps - (A) classify work activities (Mengenalpasti aktiviti ) ; (B) identify hazard (Pengenalpastian Hazad) ; (C) conduct risk assessment (analyze and estimate risk from each hazard) (Penaksiran risiko), by calculating or estimating - i. likelihood of occurrence, and ii. severity of hazard; (D) decide if risk is tolerable and apply risk control measures (if necessary). 14 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC A B C D 15

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC (A) Classify work activities geographical or physical areas within/outside premises; stages in production/service process; Routine & Non-routine activities (A) Mengenalpasti Aktiviti mengenalpasti semua aktiviti rutin dan bukan rutin di tempat kerja. 16 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC (B) Hazard Identification to highlight the critical operations of tasks, that is, those tasks posing significant risks to the health and safety of employees as well as highlighting those hazards pertaining to certain equipment due to energy sources, working conditions or activities performed. (B) Pengenalpastian Hazad Pengenalpastian hazad dilakukan oleh kumpulan kerja dengan menggunakan kaedah yang bersesuaian. 17 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC (B) Hazard Identification – Types of Hazards 1. Chemical hazards 2. Physical hazards 3. Biological hazards 4. Ergonomic hazards 5. Mechanical hazards 6. Electrical hazards 7. Fire / flammability/Explosion hazards 18 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC (B) Pengenalpastian Hazad Kumpulan kerja akan mengenalpasti hazad dan risiko berdasarkan kepada kategori berikut: a) Hazad Fizikal/Mekanikal. b) Hazad Kimia. c) Hazad Elektrikal. d) Hazad Biologikal. e) Hazad Ergonomik. f) Hazad Psikososial. 19 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad:

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 20

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad:

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 21

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad:

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 22

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad:

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 23

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad:

Types of Hazards / Jenis Hazad Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 24

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC (C) Analyze and Estimate Risk Risk = Likelihood (L) x Severity (S) Likelihood - event likely to occur within the specific period or in specified circumstances Severity - outcome from an event such as severity of injury or health of people, or damage to property, or insult to environment, or any combination of those caused by the event. 25 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC (C) Penaksiran Risiko Kumpulan kerja akan menjalankan penaksiran risiko. Di dalam penaksiran risiko, faktor-faktor berikut perlu diambil perhatian: Formula kiraan Tahap RISIKO : - Kemungkinan kejadian (L) x Keterukan hazad (S) = RISIKO 26 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment:

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment (C)Analyze and Estimate Risk – Likelihood (L) This “ Likelihood Ranking ” table is according to the DOSH’s Guidelines for HIRARC 2008. 27 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment:

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment (C) Penaksiran Risiko Kemungkinan kejadian (L) Nilai yang diperolehi adalah berdasarkan kepada keberangkalian sesuatu kejadian itu berlaku. 28 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment:

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment (C) Analyze and Estimate Risk – Severity (S) This “Severity Ranking” table is according to the DOSH’s Guidelines for HIRARC 2008. 29 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment:

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment (C) Penaksiran Risiko – Keterukan Hazad (S) Keterukan dinilai berdasarkan kepada kesan sesuatu hazad terhadap kesihatan individu, alam sekitar dan juga harta benda 30 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

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Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 31

Slide 32:

Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 32

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment:

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment (C) Decide if Risk is tolerable? (S x L = Risk) 33 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim This “Risk Matrix” table is according to the DOSH’s Guidelines for HIRARC 2008

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment:

Process of HIRARC – Risk Assessment (C) Tahap risiko ditentukan berdasarkan matrik risiko dibawah ) – S x L = Risiko 34 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC (D) Risk Control What Action to take? 35 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim This “Risk Control” table is according to the DOSH’s Guidelines for HIRARC 2008

Process of HIRARC:

Process of HIRARC (D) Kawalan Risiko – Apakah tindakan? 36 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim Komunikasi Risiko Pihak Jawatankuasa Keselamatan & Kesihatan bertanggungjawab mengedarkan maklumat mengenai hazad, risiko

Process of HIRARC – Risk Control:

Process of HIRARC – Risk Control (D) Risk Control (Kawalan Risiko) When to take the Action? (Bila ambil tindakan?) Significant Risk when is legal non-compliance (apabila melanggari Peraturan) Significant Risk when is High – Medium risk (apabila Tahap Risiko adalah Tinggi – Sederhana) 37 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Process of HIRARC – Risk Control:

Process of HIRARC – Risk Control (D) Risk Control Objectives, Targets & Programs (a.k.a Action Plans) 38 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim The Significant Risk levels identified shall be considered for OHS objectives, targets & programs setting. Objectives and targets established shall be reviewed in the Management Review.

Implement Risk Control Actions:

Implement Risk Control Actions (D) Risk Control Steps Remove hazards at source before applying administrative measures. Prioritizes according to hierarchy of control. Establish “system of work” for administrative control. Inform/train affected employees prior to implementation. 39 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Implement the Control Actions:

Implement the Control Actions Types of controls: At the source hazards by “Elimination or substitution” Eg. For example, a salvage firm might decide to stop buying and cutting up scrapped bulk fuel tanks due to explosion hazards. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 40

Implement the Control Actions:

Implement the Control Actions Types of controls: Engineering Controls Example: Redesign - For example , containers can be made easier to hold and lift. Isolation - For example, an insulated & air-conditioned control room can protect operators from a toxic chemical. Automation - For example, computer-controlled robots can handle spot welding operations in car plants. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 41

Implement the Control Actions:

Implement the Control Actions Types of controls: Engineering Controls Example: Barriers - For example, special curtains can prevent eye injuries from welding arc radiation. Proper equipment guarding will protect workers from con tacting moving parts. Absorption - Baffles can block or absorb noise. Lockout systems can isolate energy Dilution - For example, ventilation systems can dilute toxic gasses before they reach operators. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 42

Implement the Control Actions:

Implement the Control Actions Types of controls: Administrative Controls Example: Safe work procedures - Workers can be required to use standardized safety practices. Supervision and training Job rotations - can reduce the time that workers are exposed to a hazard. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 43

Implement the Control Actions:

Implement the Control Actions Types of controls: Administrative Controls . Example: Housekeeping, repair and maintenance programs - Housekeeping includes Hygiene - Hygiene practices can reduce the risk of toxic materials being absorbed Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 44

Implement the Control Actions:

Implement the Control Actions Types of controls: PPE PPE and clothing is used when other controls measures are not feasible and where additional protection is needed. Last choice. Workers must be trained to use and maintain equipment properly. The employer and workers must understand the limitations of the personal protective equipment. The employer is expected to require workers to use their equipment whenever it is needed. Care must be taken to ensure that equipment is working properly. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 45

Implement the Control Actions:

Implement the Control Actions Types of controls: Safe Work Procedures step by step instructions that allow workers to conduct their work safety when hazards are present. identifies the materials and equipment needed, and how and when to use them safety. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 46

Implement the Control Actions:

Implement the Control Actions Types of controls: Safe Work Procedures must include: regulatory requirements; necessary personal protective equipment; required training; worker responsibilities; specific sequence of steps to follow to complete the work safely; required permits; and emergency procedures. Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 47

Review & Verify Action Plans Before Implementation:

Review & Verify Action Plans Before Implementation Will the revised controls lead to low risk levels? Are new hazards created? Has the most cost-effective solution been chosen? What do people affected think about the need for, and practicality of, the revised preventive measures? Will the revised controls be used in practice, and not ignored in the face of, for example, pressures to get the job done? Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 48

Hierarchy of Control :

Hierarchy of Control (D) Risk Control Steps a) Elimination (– remove hazard) & Substitution (– use less hazardous ones) b) Isolation (– barriers, etc) & Engineering (– guarding) c) Administrative Safe work practises, PEL Labelling/Training d) PPE – last resort ! 49 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Hiraki Kawalan Risiko:

Hiraki Kawalan Risiko (D) Langkah Pengawalan Risiko Langkah kawalan yang diambil hendaklah berasaskan kepada hiraki kawalan (dari yang paling berkesan kepada yang kurang berkesan) atau kombinasi di antaranya: a) Punca hazard yang meliputi – i. penghapusan ii. penggantian 50 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Hiraki Kawalan Risiko:

Hiraki Kawalan Risiko (D) Langkah Pengawalan Risiko b) Kawalan kejuruteraan yang meliputi – i. rekabentuk semula ii. pengasingan iii. automasi iv. pengadang v. penyerapan vi. pencairan 51 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Hiraki Kawalan Risiko:

Hiraki Kawalan Risiko (D) Langkah Pengawalan Risiko c) Kawalan pentadbiran – i. Prosedur kerja selamat ii. Pengawalseliaan dan latihan iii. Penggiliran kerja iv. Program pengurusan di tempat kerja, pembaikan dan penyenggaraan v. kebersihan d) Kelengkapan Pelindung Diri . 52 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Hiraki Kawalan Risiko:

Hiraki Kawalan Risiko (D) Langkah Pengawalan Risiko Sebelum perlaksanaan, anda harus: Tentukan samada risiko baru akan wujud? Tentukan mungkinkah hazad baru wujud? Adakah tindakan yang berkos efektif? 53 Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim

Applicable HIRARC Form:

Applicable HIRARC Form Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 54

Sample of HIRARC:

Sample of HIRARC Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 55

Jenis Borang HIRARC:

Jenis Borang HIRARC Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 56

Jenis Borang Aktiviti:

Jenis Borang Aktiviti Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 57

Contoh Jenis Borang Aktiviti:

Contoh Jenis Borang Aktiviti Copyright 2008 by Stephen Lim 58