Laia Aixalà

Category: Education

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E-Twinning Project 2 Valls


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Valls. (Spain) Culture and Society COR DE MARIA’s School by Laia Aixalà Pàmies

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Index Valls’ background Typical Food Traditions. Human Towers Wineries Museums in Valls and surrounded Villages The Gateway To The Cistercian Routes for the Alt Camp

Background’s location : 

Background’s location Where is Valls? Valls is the capital of Alt Camp. Alt Camp is forms on of the most important settings of Catalonia. Catalonia is set in the north-east of Spain. In general terms, the national language that is spoken is Catalan and the second’s is Spanish. .

Alt Camp Map : 

Alt Camp Map

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Valls, birthplace of the castells (human towers) and the Calçotada (grilled spring onion festival), shows us its monumental aspect in such gems as the archpriest church of Sant Joan the 14th Century Capella del Roser, as well as making us feel a part of its characteristic festivals, fairs, traditions and customs.

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Typical Food Calçotada

What is Calçotada? : 

What is Calçotada? The Calçotada is the most important gastronomic festival in the whole of Catalunya. More than just a meal, it's a great excuse for organising a get-together of family and friends around the braziers barbecuing the Calçots and the grills roasting lamb and Valls llonganissa (sausage). Not can we possibly fall to mention the Calçot sauce, in which the Calçots are dipped before being lowered into the mouth in the traditional fashion, without forgetting the customary pitet (bib) to catch any drips!.

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TraditionsHuman Towers Castells

TraditionsHuman Towers Castells : 

TraditionsHuman Towers Castells Valls is the birthplace of human tower building ands boasts more than 200 years of tradition. There are three colles, one teams, in the comarca: the Vella dels Xiquets and the Joves dels Xiquets, both from Valls, and the Xiquets de la vila d'Alcover. There are two absolutely essential dates on the Valls human-tower-building agenda: Sant Joan, on June 24 th and Santa Úrsula on the third Sunday in October.

W I N E R I E S : 


Wineres in Valls and surrounded : 

Wineres in Valls and surrounded Valls, Nulles, Alió, Bràfim, Vila-rodona, Aiguamúrcia, Santes Creus, el Pla de Santa Maria and Cabra del Camp all boast outstanding wine cooperatives, some of which were designed by the Modernist architect Cèsar Martine

M U S E U M S : 


Museum in Valls : 

Museum in Valls Art Gallery: Contemporary Catalan art - Museum of carts and farm implements – Zoo Alt Camp.

Museums that are set in villages around Valls : 

Museums that are set in villages around Valls ALCOVER: Palaeontology and archaeology

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VILA-RODONA: Palaeontology and ethnology, farming and working implements.

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VILABELLA: Art Gallery of Monsignor Comamala. Palaeontology. Rural ethnology.

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Vila-rodona, Aiguamúrcia, Santes Creus, el Pont d'Armentera, el Pla de Santa Maria, Figuerola del Camp and Cabra del Camp provide a gateway to the Cistercian Route from the Alt Camp comarca. The Monastery of Santes Creus is open to visitors wishing to view the monastic quarters, guided nowadays by audio-visual technique which transport us back to the cloistered life of bygone days.

The Monastery of Santes Creus : 

The Monastery of Santes Creus Santes Creus is a Cistercian monastery in Catalonia. It was started in 1158 and today is considered one of the finest preserved monastic sites in Southern Europe. History The monastery was started in 1158 and was finished within 50 years.[In its early period, the monastery was a center of intellectual and political activity and was comparable to the Poblet Monastery. One of the more important abbots was Bonanat de Vilaseca, who founded the subsidiaries of Santa Maria de Valldigna in 1298 and the Monastery of Altofonte (Sicily) in 1308, when Jaume II el Just reigned.[

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Fortified in 1375 by Pere el Cerimoniós, it played an important role in the creation of the Order of Montesa, a refuge for Aragonese Knights Templar after the abolition of their order The activities of the monastery continued largely uninterrupted until the Napoleonic invasion of Spain, which led to its eventual demise in 1835 at which time the monastery was sacked and burned.

The Monastery of Santes Creus : 

The Monastery of Santes Creus


THE GAIÀ CASTLES The trans-comarcal Gaià Castles route encompasses a sequence of important territorial castles with one geographical link in common: the basin of the River Gaià. This river played an essential role in defining the frontier with the County of Barcelona. We recommend a visit to the castles found in the municipalities of Querol, el Pont d'Armentera, Aiguamúrcia, Vila-rodona, Rodonyà and Montferri.


BRUGENT, GLORIETA AND THE PRADES MOUNTAINS The Prades mountains and the Brugent and Glorieta, rivers represent the most important natural reserve of the Alt Camp. The villages of Alcover, Mont-ral, Riba and Picamoixons all offer us a wide range of natural and cultural resources: churches, chapels, paper mills and houses of historical interest as well as water spots, escarpments and breathtakingly beautiful natural scenery which attract climbers and hikers from far and wide.


AROUND THE RIVER FRANCOLÍ The Francolí breathes life into the municipalities of Vallmoll, Milà, Masó, El Rourell and Els Garidells, all hazelnut-producing villages, the hazelnut being a typical Alt Camp product and traditional ingredient of our local cuisine. As well as the pleasure of a peaceful stroll in the shade of the hazelnut trees, these villages also exude a charm which should not be overlooked.


THE CENTRAL PLAIN The villages of Alió, Puigpelat, Nulles, Vilabella and Bràfim make up the central plain of the Alt Camp. Their wineries and cooperatives make this an essential visit on any itinerary, where, apart from visiting their churches, you can sample the most delicious and typical of local products before filling up your baskets!.

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ALCOVER - MONT-RAL – FARENA ROUTE    This route will allow us to known some places which stand out because of its beauty, as the old and history fuller stones from the Alcover village, or Remei hermitage read side inn, where the spirituality of the place with the trees shade and the freshness of the fountains are blended, and go up until Mont-ral and Farena.

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We will go up the high course of the Glorieta river until we find the fountains. During the route we may observe the ancient paper mills and the old electric power station, abandoned nowadays. We can also visit Mont-ral and its Romanesque church, from where we can enjoy of an extraordinary view. If we desire it, we can also stay overnight at the village as it counts with a mountain's refuge.

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Once we are in Mont-ral, we have two options. Continuing up to the mountain up by the Avencs mountain range until Foradada, located by the Motllats mountain's cliff, or to head straight towards Farena. If we go back to Alcover we will follow down mountain to the Bosquet's village, and then to Aixàviga, where we may find a good fountain. Surrounding the Font Fresca precipice we will refined the downward slope towards Fonts del Glorieta, Remei and Alcover.    If we choose the Farena`s option, we will go out of Mont-ral following the indicating sticks which will lead us to the village, that counts with an impressive landscape and a restaurant where we can recover ourselves from the effort done.    Another option is to arrive by car until Mont-ral and then go down towards Alcover, or even from Mont-ral hiking towards Farena.

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VALLS - SANTES CREUS ROUTE    This route will allow us going from Valls to Santes Creus and, on the way back, passing through Aiguamúrcia, Vila-rodona, Bràfim and Alió.    It is a very complete circular route without important unevenness, almost plain.    We will first follow the PR C-4 (yellow and white) marks and then until Santes Creus, the GR-172 (red and white). The way back is done through another PRC-93 until Bràfim and through the way from Bràfim to Alió.

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The route allows us going from Valls to Santes Creus through the obligatory pass ancient ways from many years ago, and which nowadays have kept relegated to the highway. Between these ways is located a small part of the path that leads to Vilafranca.    The way back is done following the Gaià river's course until Bràfim, where we will get until the Valls aviation's field, from where we can return to the starting point.    The route can be done on foot as well as by bicycle, but as it has 38 km.. long. It is recommended to take the bicycle.    You can find the perfectly detailed route in book "De la muntanya al mar" ("From the mountain to the sea"), from Josep Insa Montava, published by Edicions Cossetània.

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VALLS – MIRAMAR ROUTE    This itinerary takes place through a short distance path named PR-C5.    This path has this origin in the city of Valls, from where we will climb in the direction of Miramar. We will happen through the interior of Masmolets, Fontscaldes and Fassina and we will finish above of the Miramar's town.    It is about a simple itinerary with few unevenness, except at the last stretch before arriving to Miramar.    The itinerary is authorize officially by the Comité de Senders de FEEC (FECC Path's Committee) and follows the most attractive route from the tourist point of view.

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