The Indian Act : The Indian Act Was paternalistic
Saw First Nations peoples as errant children in need of correction Duncan Campbell Scott : Duncan Campbell Scott I want to get rid of the Indian problem . Our object is to continue until there is not a single in Canada that has not been absorbed… Slide 3: …They are a weird and waning race…ready to break out at any moment in…dances Tom Longboat – Marathon runner : Tom Longboat – Marathon runner Bill Reid - Artist : Bill Reid - Artist Alex DecouteauxOlympian : Alex DecouteauxOlympian Fought at Ypres, died at Passchendaele Jay Silverheels : Jay Silverheels Boxer, wrestler, lacrosse hall of famer, actor , stuntman Francis Pegahmagabow : Francis Pegahmagabow “The deadliest shot”- Marksman, scout- credited with killing 400 Germans
Fought the entire war-- 1914-1919 F.O. (Frederick) Loft : F.O. (Frederick) Loft a Mohawk who had been a lieutenant during the First World War, aroused IAB suspicions when he began organizing the League of Indians to work for change Loft was known as… : Loft was known as… One of "the great Indian activists of the first half of the twentieth century, whose struggles laid the groundwork from which recent activism emerged".
"We must be heard as a nation" Residential schools : Residential schools Were seen as a means to assimilate Indians Locations of Residential Schools : Locations of Residential Schools A Timeline of Residential Schools : A Timeline of Residential Schools 1857 - Gradual Civilization Act passed to assimilate Indians 1870-1910 : 1870-1910 Period of assimilation where the clear objective of both missionaries and government was to assimilate Aboriginal children into the lower fringes of mainstream society 1920 : 1920 Compulsory attendance for all children ages 7-15 years. Children were forcibly taken from their families by priests, Indian agents and police officers. 1931 : 1931 There were 80 residential schools operating in Canada. Church run schools : Church run schools A Canadian Holocaust… : A Canadian Holocaust… The policy was “to kill the Indian in the child”
For three quarters of a century- a genocide was Restitution : Restitution Payments in the area of $13,000 /person are to be paid pending the filing of documents Aboriginal Rights : Aboriginal Rights In 1920 Arthur Meighan allowed the Department of Indian Affairs to force “deserving” First Nations peoples to be enfranchised. Slide 22: This is racist- universal suffrage means that voting is a right– not a privilege to be given– or taken away… First Nations peoples received the right to vote in the election of 1960 : First Nations peoples received the right to vote in the election of 1960 Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent : Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent These aboriginal men did not have the right to vote unless they surrendered their status Phil Fontaine– Grand Chief of First Nations : Phil Fontaine– Grand Chief of First Nations Stephen Harper apologizes on behalf of Canada : Stephen Harper apologizes on behalf of Canada Chief Paul Nadjiwan of the Saugeen Ojibway : Chief Paul Nadjiwan of the Saugeen Ojibway Aboriginal Leaders Today : Aboriginal Leaders Today Darlene Johnston- Law professor at University of Toronto- and my class mate since grade 1 at St. Mary’s in Trenton