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Intro to Firearm Safety/Operation, and Handgun/Self-defense Primer: Organized by neboob :

Intro to Firearm Safety/Operation, and Handgun/Self-defense Primer: Organized by neboob Emphasis is on referencing logical theory and practical/experience based info from reputable and experienced sources. Tried to keep it short and easy to understand while providing a means of accessing more info for those interested in doing so. Lots of videos/images. Version 1 Updated: 17JAN2015 Goal of brief – shooter is trained to safely handle and operate a firearm

Disclaimer Part 1/2:

Disclaimer Part 1/2 Do your own research, train, and hit up the experts! I put this together using my current level of experience and dutiful research for “the best” (mostly online on videos and gun forums). It is meant as a starting point and is relevant with the zeitgeist/info/environment I wrote this under (JAN2015). This is especially important to remember with product suggestions (companies/models/tech change and may not be competitive) Handguns may be appropriate depending on the environmental constraints (concealed carry, close quarters etc) but handguns are underpowered, inaccurate, and don’t have the capacity that more capable weapon systems have (such as rifles or shotguns). Equip yourself appropriately Never be done learning or helping others!

Disclaimer Part 2/2:

Disclaimer Part 2/2 This presentation is split into 3 levels Personally.. I wouldn’t want to be around people who operate firearms without having the knowledge contained in level 1 Levels 2 and 3 are for those considering acquiring and/or using handguns for competition/self-defense You need reliable internet access to see the numerous videos/links Some users may want to walk through the brief with an experienced shooter if they want to make things even shorter.

Reference video:

Reference video We will watch this video at the beginning and end of this brief. Don’t stress about trying to memorize everything after the first watch. We will go into detail about all of the important things. Later on you can Google any words you don’t know or reference the wiki glossary for firearms . Whatever you do just be consistent, predictable and do it every time. Weapons can be zeroed to how you shoot. Train how you fight

Level 1:

Level 1 Goal – shooter is trained to safely handle and operate a firearm

The Five Golden Rules of Firearms :

The Five Golden Rules of Firearms Treat all guns as if they are loaded. Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy. Keep your finger off the trigger and out of the trigger guard until your sights are on the target. Be sure of your target and what is beyond it. Maintain control of your firearm

General Sequence for Shooting Firearms:

General Sequence for Shooting Firearms Safely grab or unholster weapon and inspect, clear, or function check it (reference user manuals) unless you are pulling out the properly loaded and chambered weapon to fire. Generally for pistols , AR rifles , and shotguns Reload/unload a magazine pistols 1 (you need to load magazines ahead of time video 2 ) Disengage any safeties and/or chamber a round (reference user manuals) Shoot (addressed in next slide) Dealing with malfunctions video 1 Clear firearm and put it away safely Maintenance: strip, clean, lubricate, house, and take care of your firearms (ideally you’d clean/lubricate after every day you fire). Use your user manual or look up videos for your particular model.

Shooting Fundamentals: Intro video:

Shooting Fundamentals: Intro video 1. Body Position: video 1 and video 2 , for rifles1 and rifles 2 , and shotguns 2. Grip: video 1 and video 2 3. Sight Alignment: video 1 4. Sight Picture: video 1 and video 2 5. Trigger Control: video 1 6. Breathing: pistol1 for rifles 7. Follow Through For those going more in-depth into long guns you can watch the following Long gun non-prone positions video 1 Long range shooting video series General drill correction charts video 1 and chart

Shot Placement :

Shot Placement Ideally what the Army teaches is controlled pairs in Chest Head Then Hips In Reality: you shoot until you neutralize your target

Caliber and size:

Caliber and size Shot placement is king Link 1 ! Worry about shooting targets with as many rounds as is effective in vital spots not the “stopping power” of your round. Pick the round and weapon you will continuously shoot the best, c an get the most practice on (rounds cost money and are not always readily available), and that meets the demands/constraints that you have. Generally speaking caliber size “doesn’t matter” when using modern hollow point ammunition ( 9mm, .40, .45 ). Pick ammo that works well in the model weapon you will use .

Caliber and size:

Caliber and size Handgun Rifle

Slide 12:

More Ammo info: Shotgun shells

Level 2:

Level 2 Goal – shooter understands the designs and mechanics of handguns

BLUF: 1st Self-Defense Handgun Recommendation:

BLUF: 1 st Self-Defense Handgun Recommendation Semiautomatic pistol in 9mm, higher capacity magazines (at least >10 rounds), history of reliability, good support and maintenance network, in the most recently and/or reliable model Have at least 2 extra magazines, a high quality holster if you plan on concealed carrying (generally Crossbreed Supertuck or Alien Gear holsters are decent quality). Get a sturdy gun belt if you want to CCW. For mag carry you can use ammo pouches or just your pockets Suggested 1 st guns: Glock 19, Glock 23, XD line in 9mm (like the XD-M 3.8”), S&W in 9mm Shoot/handle your firearm before purchasing it! Training! (on your own, ranges, competitions, classes, online, buddies etc) This is under the assumption you will carry outside your home/property. If the weapon is strictly for home defense then consider getting a semiautomatic rifle or higher capacity shotgun

Handgun Parts 1:

Handgun Parts 1 Not all handguns have the same amount of safeties in the same locations (A.K.A. a Glock does not have a grip safety like the picture but an XD does). The barrel is the cylindrical tube that the bullet follows when it is fired

Handgun Parts 2:

Handgun Parts 2 Some pistols have exposed hammers that you can manipulate (ex are the 1911 or the FNX 45 Tactical) Demonstration 1


Actions You have to feel what works for you. There are single action, double action, single/double action, stryker fired… Feel free to skip this slide and come back at a later time if you don’t want to get into it right now.. But don’t buy a handgun without knowing what kind of action you want

Modern Handgun options: Pistol vs Revolver:

Modern Handgun options: Pistol vs Revolver Semi-automatic pistol: a type of handgun which utilizes the energy of the fired cartridge to cycle the action of the gun and advance the next available cartridge into position for firing. One round is fired each time the trigger of a semi-automatic pistol is pulled. S emi-automatic revolver: a revolver that uses the energy of firing for cocking the hammer and revolving the cylinder , rather than using manual operations to perform these actions

Modern Pistols vs Revolvers:

Modern Pistols vs Revolvers Pistols Pros: higher ammo capacity, easy to change mags Cons: may be less reliable and finicky about ammo Revolvers Pros: because the gun doesn't take ammo and cram it into a particular socket, there's no such thing as "feed reliability problems". Revolvers are overall more likely to keep running under stress, and they don't care what kind of funky shaped ammo you feed it. They'll "eat anything“ Less ammo capacity, not as easy to change cylinders Reference:

Train hard and train often:

Train hard and train often Train and equip yourself! (at least “ Get enough training to be more of a danger to bad guys than you are to yourself”) Classes either online or in person. Possible search terms are “tactical handgun” “combat handgun” etc. I recommend at least watching Precision Applications – Combat Pistol course for handguns Learning “reloading” - making your own ammunition - if you shoot often and want to save money in the long term ( link 1 ) Competition shooting (3 Gun, USPSA etc) Pursue functional fitness and being healthy! Research – internet forums such as reddit ( r/guns and r/guns FAQ , r/ firarms ) AR-15, Glock , Brian Enos

Level 3:

Level 3 Goal – shooter is trained to be tactically conscience/competent and how to conduct follow on training

Always improve:

Always improve Train! (at least “ Get enough training to be more of a danger to bad guys than you are to yourself”) Classes either online or in person. Possible search terms are “tactical handgun” “combat shotgun” etc. Be functionally fit! Military Athlete, Crossfit , HIIT programs etc Shooting on your own The "Best" Home Defense Weapon video 1 Learning “reloading” - making your own ammunition ( link 1 ) Competition shooting (3 Gun, USPSA etc) Research – internet forums such as reddit ( r/guns and r/guns FAQ , r/ firarms ) AR-15, Glock , Brian Enos

Further reading for the interested:

Further reading for the interested Must read on what to think about before buying a gun link 1 Vision (sight picture/alignment) supplemental: link 1 What to buy suggestion guide for absolute beginners: link 1 Acquire handguns and support equipment Join and support gun rights groups ( Gun Owners of America , 2 nd Amendment Foundation , NRA) What to think about before buying a gun link 1 Get licensed to carry concealed or a Federal Firearms License for restricted materials – look up the particulars for your state ( reciprocity map for U.S ., FFL license)

Extra videos:

Extra videos Guns saving people video 1 and link 1 Why carry one in the chamber video 1 , video 2 (he had a gun and saw them coming and still..), and video 3 Why you need to train video 1 and video 2 Reference video...See how much we covered

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