Education in India

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Presentation Transcript

Challenges: Indian Education in 2010 : 

Challenges: Indian Education in 2010 D. Joseph Anbarasu

Education in India: Needed Attention : 

Education in India: Needed Attention Access Equity Quality Democracy Efficiency

Access to Higher Education : 

Access to Higher Education As of 2009, India has 20 central universities, 215 state universities, 100 deemed universities, 5 institutions established and functioning under the State Act, and 13 institutes, which are of national importance Other institutions include 16,885 colleges, including 1800 exclusive women's colleges. Distance learning : a feature of the Indian higher education system.

Long Way to go… : 

Long Way to go… Funding and Creating Infrastructure 25% Government teacher and 50% of medical workers were absent today Curriculum Issue Rote Learning Outdated Controversies Reverting 44 Deemed Universities at one stroke 100000 fake certificates in Bihar UGC notified 19 fake universities in 2010 Fake certificates to the Medical entrants in Tamil Nadu

Equity : 

Equity Equity is the issue of justice along with the agreed rules and regulations to ensure freedom from bias or discrimination all participants in an endeavour. Only 3% of GDP is used.

Equity in Question : 

Equity in Question The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Education for All (EFA) did not touch problem of casteism and its prevalence in school education. The concept of capabilities, provides a useful perspective in developing curriculum and classroom processes that will benefit Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities (Drèze and Sen, 2002)

Some findings - Human Development Index : 

Some findings - Human Development Index The Human Development Report for 2007-08 has been released by the UNDP and there are few surprises. # India’s human development index (HDI) of 0.619 puts it just below Equatorial Guinea (0.642) and Solomon Islands (0.602). # India’s life expectancy of 63.7 years is sandwiched between Comoros (64.1) and Mauritania (63.2), while Malawi and Rwanda have higher adult literacy than India. India was ranked 126 by the HDR 2006, a rung higher than the previous year’s 127. This year, it continues to be dubbed a country at medium level of human development.

Quality of Education : 

Quality of Education About Faculty Neither trained nor do they have Knowledge Teaching job is the last resort It is a job not a teaching job Teachers are not curious Most of them are outdated The syllabus is very old and no one tries to change it Students View about Teachers

Education for the Marginalized in India: A Real Democratization : 

Education for the Marginalized in India: A Real Democratization Introduction of the reservation system in the institutes of higher education. Under the present law, 7.5% seats in the higher educational institutes are reserved for the scheduled tribes, 15% for scheduled castes and 27% for the non creamy layers of the Other Backward Classes (OBCs). Under the Indian constitution, various minority groups can also set up their own educational institutes. Special Education for Women Distance Learning

Efficiency: : 

Efficiency: A college might charge $200 per credit hour; students might pay per credit hour cost, up to fifteen credit hours. If they enroll in more than fifteen credit hours, they do not pay additional tuition. In this example, a full-time student would not pay more than $3,000 tuition for each term Some colleges maintain a low student-to-faculty ratio and may raise tuition to maintain that ratio. As an example of the range or tuition, in the late 1990s, annual tuition and fees were about $21,000

Need of the Hour : 

Need of the Hour 70 of 1000 children of the world is Indian 60 million children in India deprived of education Over 3 million children living on the streets Over 150 million children working as bonded labourers One out of every six girl child does not live to see her 15th birthday Having a national policy for compulsory primary education, only 50% of children have access to education

Where are we? : 

Where are we? Widespread poverty and various prejudices The inability to check the drop out rates among the marginalized sections Too many nodal agencies Mental Blocks – 33% reservation for women Dreaming for 21st Century with 14th Century infrastructure Lagging in identifying the talents ICT is not used effectively No trading on your strengths