Archaeology -History Unit - Berg (2)

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Archaeology A History Unit By Mrs. Berg

Archaeology A History Unit:

ancient adjective     Something this is very old.

ancient:

archaeological site a place where scientists study objects from an earlier time

archaeological site :

archaeologist noun     a scientist who specializes in the study of artifacts from past times

archaeologist :

archaeology The recovery and study of artifacts, ruins, bones, and fossils remaining from the past

archaeology:

artifacts noun     objects from ancient civilizations that were made or used by people

artifacts :

compass A magnetized needle that is attracted to the earth’s north magnetic pole

compass:

datum point noun     the point from where all measurements or directions start

datum point :

excavate verb     uncover by carefully digging in an organized, well-planned manner

excavate:

Field kits noun     equipment bags used to hold needed tools and supplies

Field kits:

fossil The remains of a plant or an animal that died a long time ago and has become part of a rock.

fossil:

historian A person who studies the past through written records

historian:

latitude Distance on the earth’s surface measured by degrees north and south from the equator

latitude:

longitude The distance east and west on the earth’s surface measured in degrees

longitude:

measuring tape A piece of cloth or metal with measurements on it

measuring tape:

paint brush A brush used to spread paint or remove dust and dirt from objects.

paint brush:

screen A strainer for sifting and separating artifacts from dirt.

screen:

trowel   noun     a tool that is used to spread mortar or plaster or scoop dirt

trowel:

twine Strings twisted together to form a cord (like a rope or yarn)

twine:

Whisk broom noun     a small hand-held broom used to remove dirt gently

Whisk broom:

written records Letters, speeches, poems, documents, and stories that are written down for us to read.

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