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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Chapter 5: Chapter 5 True Value of LawChapter 5: Chapter 5 Opening Activity When you hear the word LAW, what immediately comes to your mind?Chapter 5: Chapter 5 Opening Activity Look around, pick one thing that you think is not bound by any LAW. Chapter 5: Chapter 5 True Value of Law What do I know about laws in general? Chapter 5: Chapter 5 True Value of Law What should I do? or What ought I to do?Chapter 5: Chapter 5 True Value of Law What may I hope for? Chapter 5: Chapter 5 True Value of Law: An Outline What is law? Why follow a law? What are the different kinds of laws? Chapter 5: Chapter 5 True Value of Law: An Image One image as our starting point… Chapter 5: Chapter 5 True Value of Law: An Image The Image of the Ultimate Governing Law of the Universe Chapter 5: Chapter 5Slide11: The Great Circle of Being: The Universe as Journey. “Exitus” “Reditus”Slide12: The Great Circle of Being: The Universe as Journey. First, there is the EXITUS, or journey outward of all created being from The Source (GOD), the movement of the Many created beings from the One (GOD) . . . This outward movement is God’s making, with God as Maker, Creator, Giver, Provider . . . actively producing out of His own goodness and love the whole ordered system of our world and every being that fills it, the procession of the Many from the One.Slide13: The Great Circle of Being: The Universe as Journey. But no sooner has the outgoing journey begun than it pivots and starts back on a journey home again to THE SOURCE in GOD (REDITUS), drawn by the pull of the Good in each created being. This pull arises as the NSC of being pours over into its characteristic purpose-driven action, seeking the fullness of one’s truest self, and drawn to this goal, through constant guidance and striving, by the same SOURCE of Goodness from which it came.Slide14: The Great Circle of Being: The Universe as Journey. In SummarySlide15: The Great Circle of Being: The Universe as Journey. “In Inceptum Finis Est.”Slide16: “In Inceptum Finis Est.” “Our world is a moral and good natured world.”In Inceptum Finis Est: In Inceptum Finis EstIn Inceptum Finis Est: In Inceptum Finis Est “God created the world with the End in Mind.”In Inceptum Finis Est: In Inceptum Finis Est But you ask “How does God see to it that everything moves towards their true End?”In Inceptum Finis Est: In Inceptum Finis Est God does just like what any artist does, like any designer does, like any inventor does.In Inceptum Finis Est: In Inceptum Finis Est But what does God do that they cannot do?In Inceptum Finis Est: In Inceptum Finis Est When God says something then it becomes so for all and in all eternity.Slide23: St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) Through his wisdom God is the founder of the universe of things . . . .And so, as being the principle through which the universe is created, divine wisdom means… St. Thomas Aquinas, ST Q. 93,a.1Slide24: St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) art, or exemplar, or idea, and likewise it also means law, as moving all things to their due ends. St. Thomas Aquinas, ST Q. 93,a.1Slide25: St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) Ergo It is clear how we are all connected towards realizing our fullest selves...in authentic human freedom. St. Thomas Aquinas, ST Q. 93,a.1Slide26: St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) But we can only do this through the guiding principle of laws [just laws]. St. Thomas Aquinas, ST Q. 93,a.1Slide27: What is the true nature of law? What is a just law?  CharacteristicsSlide28: 1] ordinance of reason…through prudent and serious deliberationSlide29: 2] properly promulgated…in order for any law to be effectiveSlide30: 3] decreed by competent authority…those with legitimate authoritySlide31: 4] for the sake of the common good…fostering freedom and human dignity of allSlide32: Major Types of LawsSlide33: St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) Eternal (Divine) law is nothing other than the model of divine wisdom directing the motions and acts of everything. St. Thomas Aquinas, ST Q. 93,a.1Slide34: St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) This is considered the highest of all laws…ETERNAL LAW (DIVINE LAW). St. Thomas Aquinas, ST Q. 93,a.1Slide35: St. Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) Look at this analogy between God and our parents.Slide36: An Analogy of the description of LAW made by St. Thomas Aquinas Through his wisdom the PARENT is the founder of the household . . . .And so, as being the ruling principle through which the household is created, Parent wisdom means…Slide37: An Analogy of the description of LAW made by St. Thomas Aquinas Way of proceeding, or common good, or rationale, and likewise it also means house law, as moving all things in the house to their due ends.Slide38: An Analogy of the description of LAW made by St. Thomas Aquinas Divine law is revealed in two great events:  Moses and the Decalogue  Jesus’ moral teachings in fufillment of the law Slide39: An Analogy of the description of LAW made by St. Thomas Aquinas LAW: Sign of God’s Love Law [or Torah] as Covenant Slide40: An Analogy of the description of LAW made by St. Thomas Aquinas Natural Law Discernible through human reasonSlide41: An Analogy of the description of LAW made by St. Thomas Aquinas Church LawSlide42: An Analogy of the description of LAW made by St. Thomas Aquinas Civil LawSlide43: What laws are for  provide ______ for judging how we should act and who we become by these actsSlide44: What laws are for  ground the proper formation of our __________Slide45: What laws are for  serve as reliable _______ for our moral discerning and strivingSlide46: What laws are for  challenge us to become our ________Slide47:  “If you keep my ___, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s ___ and abide in his love.”Slide48: What laws are for  By teaching, living, perfecting and fulfilling the true and faithful spirit of the Old Covenant, ___ became our New Law. [7-10] Give the four characteristics of a just lawSlide49: JUST LAW It is nothing than a reasonable direction of beings toward the common good, promulgated by the one who is charged with the community. (ST,I-II,q.90,a.4,c) Slide50: DIVINE LAW Nothing else than God’s divine plan as revealed in Scriptures.Slide51: NATURAL LAW Revealed through human reason and reflecting upon all human beings we discern the ff: Care and protection of life Propagation and proper rearing of the youth Respect for truth and promotion of justiceSlide52: CHURCH LAW Whatever brings us together as one worshiping community of God which allows us to live in harmony and in peace with one anotherSlide53: CIVIL LAW Whatever brings us together as one society and nation protecting basic human dignity of every individualSlide54: VALUES Behind every law is a value which that law upholds and protects. Values unify all the laws.Slide55: VALUES That is why laws are not merely a set of dos and don’ts. We interpret the law according to how it should uphold a value.Slide56: VALUES But what is the meaning of values?Slide57: VALUES QUALITY of a thing…Slide58: VALUES Every law you follow = protecting/upholding a value Slide59: VALUES All laws revolve around universal human values like:Slide60: VALUES Fundamental values of respect for life and the family Respect for truth and authenticity Promotion of justiceSlide61: VALUES Sexuality and commitment Human dignity and equality Worship and humility before GodSlide62: VALUES LAWS VALUE THE HUMAN PERSONSlide63: VALUES At the heart of every law is a human value… Slide64: VALUES In the end, the law became fulfilled in the person of Jesus Christ… He became the New LawSlide65: John Paul II "Only God is the ultimate basis of all values; only He gives the definitive meaning to our human existence.“Slide66: "in Him and Him alone all values have their first source and final completion. . . . Without Him-without the reference to GodSlide67: …the whole world of created values remains as it were suspended in an absolute vacuum."Slide68: DIVINE LAW NATURAL LAW CHURCH LAW CIVIL LAW All flow from Divine WisdomSlide69: The Natural law, though grounded in human reason is not the ultimate law. It bows to something above itself: it is related always to the Divine law. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.