Giving Feedback to Students’ Errors in Writing and Speaking in the ESL Classroom : Giving Feedback to Students’ Errors in Writing and Speaking in the ESL Classroom Presented by
Judy Clark Error Analysis : Error Analysis What is error analysis?
What are the major concepts involved in error analysis?
The three ways errors are significant. Mistakes vs. Errors : Mistakes vs. Errors Mistakes Errors Unsystematic errors
Occurs in native language
Not significant to the process of learning
Occurs in second language
Significant to the process of learning
Competence Sources of Errors : Sources of Errors Developmental
Induced Corrective Feedback : Corrective Feedback What is corrective feedback?
Teacher’s role in feedback
Criteria for error correction in the classroom Error Feedback in Writing : Error Feedback in Writing Four main reasons for abandoning grammar correction:
Research has not shown grammar correction to be effective.
Language acquisition is a gradual process that cannot be accelerated through the “transfer” of grammar knowledge.
The time students spend on understanding grammar correction and applying it could be spent more productively on other activities, such as improving organization and logic.
Teachers may do a poor job of recognizing and correcting errors. What to Do? : What to Do? Predict potential errors
Model correct forms
Suggest rewriting sentences Recap on Errors and Feedback : Recap on Errors and Feedback Controversy continues as to whether error feedback helps L2 student writers
Role of teacher very influential
Sign of progress
Patience is key