Indian Education

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Indian Education :

Indian Education India's higher education system is the third largest in the world, after China and the United States. Presented by

:-  Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2007:

:-  Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2007 “Our university system is, in many parts, in a state of disrepair... 90 per cent of our colleges are rated as below average on quality parameters... I am concerned that in many states university appointments, including that of vice-chancellors, have been politicised and have become subject to caste and communal considerations, there are complaints of favouritism and corruption.”

History :

History The Nalanda University was the oldest university-system of education in the world These institutions imparted practical education, e.g. medicine. A number of urban learning centers became increasingly visible from the period between 200 BCE to 400 CE. The important urban centers of learning wereTaxila (in modern day Pakistan) and Nalanda , These institutions systematically imparted knowledge and attracted a number of foreign students to study topics such as Buddhist literature, logic, grammar, etc.

Modern History :

Modern History Post 1947, Maulana Azad, India's first education minister envisaged education throughout the country. Formulated National Policy on Education (NPE) in 1966 and also reinforced the Programme of Action (POA) in 1996 The government initiated several measures the launching of DPEP (District Primary Education Programme) and SSA ( Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan ,) and setting up of Navodaya Vidyalaya The private education market in India is merely 5% although in terms of value is estimated to be worth $40 billion in 2008 and will increase to $68 billion by 2012 Education made free for children for 6 to 14 years of age or up to class VIII under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009.

Present State :

Present State 25% of its population is still illiterate; only 15% of Indian students reach high school, and just 7%, of the 15% who make it to high school, graduate. As of 2008, India's post-secondary high schools offer only enough seats for 7% of India's college-age population 25% of teaching positions nationwide are vacant, 57% of college professors lack either a master's or PhD degree.


Contd … Ten states and union territories, including Kerala, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Tripura, Goa, Daman and Diu, Puducherry , Chandigarh, National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, have attained literacy rate of above 85 per cent, the target set by the Planning Commission to be achieved by 2011-12 . Kerala has the highest literacy rate at 93.91 per cent followed by Lakshadweep at 92.28 per cent. Bihar is at the bottom of the ladder with literacy rate of 63.82 followed by Arunachal Pradesh at 66.95. Literacy rate of Rajasthan rise to 67% from 60%.

Mathematical Ability of Primary Students :

Mathematical Ability of Primary Students

Science Ability of Primary Students:

Science Ability of Primary Students

Reading Ability of Primary Students :

Reading Ability of Primary Students

A Comparison:

A Comparison In Education, 99.1% of Chinese children attend school for 9 years, this ensures a high level of literacy. In India, literacy is 50 to 60% While IIT's, IIM's are important, the country's real growth will come because of primary and secondary education and vocational and educational training in all districts of the country.


For what ARE WE LEARNING? The Public Sector and State/Central Government, which is already overstaffed, has a total of 18.7 million employees, We have to look outside the government for new employment. The unorganized sector and the SME's offer the maximum scope for employment, In China , SME's account for nearly 75% of employment and 80% of trainees!

Source of Study:

Source of Study The Status Of Health & Education In India Critical Questions in the Nation’s Development,3746,en_32252351_32235731_46513821_1_1_1_1,00.html Imagining India by Nanadan Nilemkini Better India Better World by Narayan Murthy The Great Indian Dreams by Arindam Chaudhay The Scientific Indian , By Amratya Sen Ignited Minds , By Dr. APJ A, Kalam Go Kiss the World, By Subrato Bagchi Hot Flat & Crowded by Thomas L Friedmen My Experiments with Truth , By M K Gandhi Discovery of India , By JN Nehru Thank you for your passionate listening, please ask your query! http// Get your copy of this presentation at following link

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