EUROPE part 1

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EUROPE:

EUROPE Part 1

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Europe is one of the most densely populated continents. This population density has resulted in an excellent public transportation system. More than 40 countries take up the 4 million square miles. The closeness of the other countries promotes easy travel between countries.

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Europe’s railway system is extensive.

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The population density has resulted in an excellent public transportation system. Many Europeans, especially those in cities never learn to drive. They depend on busses and trains. The ability to travel between countries causes more people to speak more than one language. The people of Western Europe are typically wealthier, while those in Eastern Europe are poorer. The People of Europe

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European Union After WW2, the countries of Europe decided it would be beneficial for all of them to work together to find ways to rebuild their economies and restore political stability. The 1 st step was to jointly govern coal and steel production. Then, trade barriers were removed among countries that belonged to the European Community.

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Today’s European Union was signed into effect in 1992 by the Maastricht Treaty. Today , 27 nations belong to the EU. The EU provides for a common foreign policy and a single European currency, the Euro. The Euro is commonly used now in 12 countries.

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EU countries trade goods and services and allow their citizens to travel freely between countries . The EU has a population of almost 500 million people, making it a very important player in the global economy.

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The European Union exports more than any other country, including the US. The EU’s main exports are: machinery motor vehicles airplanes plastics chemicals pharmaceuticals.

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Scandinavia and Finland Made up of : Norway Sweden Denmark Finland, close neighbor

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Land of the Midnight Sun There are 2 months in the summer when the sun never completely sets. 2 months in winter are completely dark.

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Like in other Scandinavian countries, Norwegians enjoy a high standard of living. They have many social welfare systems that help to distribute wealth evenly among the people. Norway

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Oslo is the capital of Norway, and is Europe’s most expensive city.

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Norway is Europe’s largest producer of oil. An oil platform in the North Sea

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A glacier flowing into a fjord in Norway

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Fjord – a natural harbor carved out by a glacier.

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Lofoten Archipelago Archipelago – a large group of islands

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Most beaches in Norway are rocky and inaccessible. This beach in the Lofoten Archipelago is an unspoiled beauty.

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Fish drying in Norway in June on the Lofoten Islands

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A Stave Church – a medieval wooden church

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Forests cover 37% of Norway, making a nice home for squirrels, moose, foxes,hedgehogs , beavers, hares, and wolves.

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A ringed seal pup

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Most towns in Norway have a ski jump .

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Norwegian Culture Jante Law Humble Honest Egalitarian Non- judgemental Simple tastes Egalitarian – a person who believes in human equality, especially with respect to social, political, and economic affairs

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It is made up of a peninsula that juts upwards from Germany towards Norway and Sweden and more than 100 small islands to the east. Denmark

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Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark Many citizens ride bikes. “Happiest people in the world.”

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Copenhagen’s canal district

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Denmark has a long line of royals

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Pig and dairy farming are one of Denmark’s big industries.

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Denmark is the home of Legos .

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Denmark is famous for its unique architecture.

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Egeskov Castle - medieval

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Hamlet’s home – Elsinor Castle

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Danish Culture Modest Women are respected Courteous Obey rules Soft-spoken

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A wealthy country with high taxes and social welfare. Swedes are very concerned about conserving the environment. Sweden

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The capital of Sweden is Stockholm. It is a beautiful city built on 14 islands.

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The Ice Hotel

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The Sami People

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Swedish Smorgasbord

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Swedish Culture Humble Soft-spoken Polite Egalitarian Family-friendly Punctual (Swedish language video)

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Finland Land is covered with lakes and forests.

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Finnish Sauna

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Helsinki, the capital of Finland

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Logging is a major industry in Finland.

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Finnish design is functional and simple.

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Finns love hockey as well as some other, crazier sports.

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Finnish Culture Punctual Honest Private Organized Love coffee Respect nature

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British Isles The British Isles include two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland , and 5,000 small islands , most notably the Isle of Man which has its own parliament and laws.

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The official name of the UK is the " United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ". The UK is made up of 4 countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland United Kingdom

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Great Britain Great Britain is made up of: England Scotland Wales

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England England is the biggest country in the UK and occupies most of the southern two thirds of Great Britain. England contains about 84% of the UK population. The capital, seat of government, and the largest city in the United Kingdom is London. London is also is the capital of England.

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People from many different countries have immigrated to London, giving it a great cultural diversity. Also, only about 60% of Londoners are Christians.

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London will host the Summer Olympics and the Queen’s 60 th Jubilee in 2012.

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The British Royal Family

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English Homes – the smallest in Europe

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Fish ‘n’ Chips

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Football is extremely popular

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Boxing Day

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Boxing Day shoppers in London look for bargains

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Scotland Known for its beautiful green hills, cliffs, castles, and of course, Loch Ness.

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Scotland is also famous for kilts and bagpipes.

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Ireland The “Emerald Isle” The Republic of Ireland separated from Northern Ireland in 1922 after a civil war due to conflicts (mostly religious) with the UK.

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The capital of Ireland is Dublin. Ireland ranks number 120 in both land area and population compared to other countries in the world. It has a mild, wet climate. 87% of its people are Roman Catholics The majority of people work in the service industry.

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The Great Famine lasted from 1845 to 1849 Over a million people died from starvation due to a potato fungus. Over 2 million people emigrated to the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia

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Saint Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland. He is credited with introducing Christianity to Ireland Saint Patrick

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The Shamrock is a traditional Irish symbol. There are no snakes in Ireland.

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Irish castles were built as fortifications to protect against attacks from enemy clans and Vikings.

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Pubs are a big part of Irish social life

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The Low Countries Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg The most densely populated countries in Europe High standard of living Predominately Roman Catholic

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Netherlands Capital - Amsterdam Official language – Dutch High taxes – many social programs, low poverty levels

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One-third of the land in the Netherlands has been reclaimed from the sea. Most of this land is used for farming. Flooding is a big problem.

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One use for Dutch windmills is pumping water

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Tulips are the most famous of the Netherlands exports.

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Aerial view of tulip fields

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More people ride bikes than drive cars.

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Amsterdam canals form concentric circles

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Belgium Was part of the Netherlands until 1830. Languages – German (official) French, Flemish Capital - Brussels “Crossroads of Western Europe”

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The Grand Palace in Brussels

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Mussels in Brussels

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Luxembourg Official language – Luxembourgish Population – 536,000 Capital – Luxembourg City Smaller than Rhode Island

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Germany Europe’s largest economy and second most populous nation. Germany did not reunite until 1990.

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Even the capital city Berlin, was separated into East and West by the Berlin Wall.

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Germany became infamous for Hitler’s acts of genocide in World War II.

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German social customs Master planners Communication is very formal Work and personal lives strictly divided Homes are expected to be kept neat and tidy Many Germans do not believe in God High rate of unmarried couples raising children

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Germans are polite

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Fire rolling

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Oktoberfest – Germany’s annual party

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France One of the most modern countries in the world In the early 21st century, 5 French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper. Europe’s largest exporter of agricultural products

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Paris is the capital of France and is called the City of Light

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the most-visited paid monument in the world The Eiffel Tower

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The Louvre Museum – the most visited museum in the world

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Notre Dame Cathedral

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France produces about one-fifth of the world’s wine.

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Food is one of the great passions of the French people.

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Paris is the “fashion capital of the world”

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France’s TGV trains are the fastest in the world.

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The French Riviera is a popular vacation spot for the rich and famous

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Monaco

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Run for years by the Grimaldi Family

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