North America: North America CANADA: CANADA PowerPoint Presentation: Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories Area: 3,855,102.65 square miles The second largest country in the world Slightly larger than the U.S.: Area: 3,855,102.65 square miles The second largest country in the world Slightly larger than the U.S. Topographical, "Latitude" and climatic challenges: Many areas of Canada not suitable to living all year round. Weather affects growing seasons for food Cost of food affects health and lifestyles : Topographical, "Latitude" and climatic challenges: Many areas of Canada not suitable to living all year round. Weather affects growing seasons for food Cost of food affects health and lifestyles PowerPoint Presentation: The Rocky Mountains continue northward into western Canada. The mountains act as barriers to transportation, communication, and limit habitable land space : The mountains act as barriers to transportation, communication, and limit habitable land space PowerPoint Presentation: Forests sustain hundreds of economies across Canada. PowerPoint Presentation: Canada is the world’s largest exporter of forest products . PowerPoint Presentation: Canada produces 75% of the world’s maple syrup. The maple leaf is their national symbol. PowerPoint Presentation: Arctic Hares in the High Arctic region. PowerPoint Presentation: Resolute Bay is a starting point for North Pole expeditions PowerPoint Presentation: The Inuit people are indigenous to northern Canada. Indigenous means naturally living in a place or country without having moved there--originating there. PowerPoint Presentation: Totem poles in northwestern Canada were carved by native people to record their family trees. PowerPoint Presentation: Wildlife includes Grizzly Bears, Moose, Polar Bears, Wolves, and Seals. PowerPoint Presentation: The capital of Canada is Ottowa . It is the 4 th largest city, behind Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. PowerPoint Presentation: Ottowa’s Rideau Canal It freezes over in the winter and becomes the world’s largest skating rink. PowerPoint Presentation: Toronto is the largest city in Canada. Many movies are filmed in the city since it’s cheaper to film in Canada than in the U.S. The CN Tower is the 2 nd tallest free-standing structure in the world. PowerPoint Presentation: Montreal is the 2 nd largest city. It is located in Quebec. It hosted the summer Olympics in 1976. PowerPoint Presentation: Montreal has the largest underground complex in the world, containing and linking to over 200 restaurants, 1700 boutiques, 30 movie theatres, halls, museums, and hotels, all connected to 10 subway stations. PowerPoint Presentation: A pproximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 100 miles of the US border. t PowerPoint Presentation: Population: 34,300,000,000 – ranked 36 in the world Language: English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% Religion: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3%, other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% PowerPoint Presentation: Government: a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II of England who is represented by the Governor General Head of Government: Prime Minister The monarchy is hereditary. The governor general is appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister for a five-year term. Fo llowing legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Commons is generally designated prime minister by the governor general. PowerPoint Presentation: Labor Force by Occupation: services: 76% manufacturing: 13% construction: 6% agriculture: 2% other: 3% PowerPoint Presentation: The retail industry is the number one employer in Canada. PowerPoint Presentation: Transportation is the largest manufacturing industry in Canada. PowerPoint Presentation: The Golden Horseshoe is Canada’s leading industrial region. Car assembly Steelworks Shipbuilding Aircraft assembly Fruit canning Jobs are plentiful and people earn high incomes here. PowerPoint Presentation: Wheat farming is a main crop in the prairies. PowerPoint Presentation: There are many beautiful fishing villages along Canada’s coasts. PowerPoint Presentation: There are many salmon farms in western Canada. PowerPoint Presentation: Cranberries are grown in bogs in the marshy coastal area of New Brunswick. PowerPoint Presentation: The beaver is a national symbol of Canada. It is humble, non-predatory, and diligent, values that form a fundamental core of Canadian self-identification. PowerPoint Presentation: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police was born out of a need for a national police force to implement the law in Canada’s newly acquired western territories. It has evolved into a world-renowned organization of more than 28,000 people. PowerPoint Presentation: Hockey is Canada’s most popular winter sport. In 2010 Canada defeated the USA 3-2 in overtime to win the Olympic hockey gold medal. PowerPoint Presentation: The cold winter temperatures cause lakes and ponds to freeze over, turning them into outdoor hockey rinks. PowerPoint Presentation: Lacrosse is the #1 summer sport Interesting facts about Canada:: Interesting facts about Canada: Kanata is the St. Lawrence-Iroquoian word for "village" or "settlement. The border between Canada and the United States is the world's longest border between two nations. The east coast of Canada was settled by Vikings around the year A.D. 1000. Canada has the longest coastline of any country in the world at 151,600 miles. Canadians have made many important inventions: Kerosene, the electron microscope, the electronic organ, insulin, IMAX films, the snowmobile, the electric cooking range , & basketball. The United States of America: The United States of America United States quick facts: United States quick facts 3 rd most populated country in the world - 313,847,465 3 rd largest country in the world, about ½ the size of Russia, slightly larger than China - 3,794,100 mi² Top 2 languages: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7 % Top religions: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6 % The US has the world's largest coal reserves with 491 billion short tons accounting for 27% of the world's total. Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other 49 states put together. population density: population density population: population California has the highest population at about 37 million. Wyoming has the lowest population with only about 560,000, density is less than 6 people per square mile New Jersey has the highest population density of any state, averaging 1,170 people per square mile. ethnic groups in the u.s.: ethnic groups in the u.s . ethnic - pertaining to or characteristic of a people, especially a group ( ethnic group) sharing a common and distinctive culture, religion, or language. The United States is a diverse country, racially and ethnically. Six races are recognized: White, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and people of two or more races. Americans are also classified as “Hispanic or Latino” and “Not Hispanic or Latino”, which identifies Hispanic and Latino Americans as a racially diverse ethnicity that composes the largest minority group in the nation at 15%. White 79.96%, Black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% immigration: immigration More immigrants come from Mexico than any other country. Mexicans more commonly are found in the Southwest, but can be found throughout the U.S. Many Puerto Ricans are concentrated in New York. There are many Cubans in southern Florida. illegal immigration: illegal immigration There are approximately 12 million illegal immigrants in the U.S. Approximately 9 million of these came from other North American countries. Approximately 1.3 million are from Asia Less than 1 million are from South America About 300,000 are from Europe California, Texas, and Florida have the highest numbers of illegals . The Government Accountability Office reports that it costs our nation over $1.1 billion per year for states to imprison criminal aliens. u.s. ethnicity map: u.s . ethnicity map the great plains: the great plains Short-grass prairie – light green Mid-grass prairie – medium green Tall-grass prairie – dark green Data from a display at Brigham Young University's Bean museum. The flat area between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. Very cold and harsh winters and very hot and humid summers. Land is used for farming, but irrigation is necessary. Low population density Wind speeds are often very high, making it a good area for generating power with windmills. mississippi river: mississippi river is the second longest river in the United States, with a length of 2,350 miles from its source in Lake Itasca in Minnesota to its mouth in the Gulf of Mexico. When compared to other world rivers, the Mississippi-Missouri River combination ranks fourth in length. Its widest point is 11 miles across. The Colorado river: The Colorado river is one of the most farmed, recreated on, siphoned, dammed, boated, fished, engineered, diverted, loved and litigated rivers in the world . It starts in the Rocky Mountains, and ends in Mexico, but it no longer reaches the ocean because of all the water that is pulled from it along the way. natural disaster risk map: natural disaster risk map Tornado alley: Tornado alley Tornadoes are most likely to occur in the plains between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains The 3 states most affected by tornadoes are: Texas Kansas Oklahoma NEW YORK CITY – AMERICA’S LARGEST city: NEW YORK CITY – AMERICA’S LARGEST city is the home of the United Nations and is headquarters for some of the world's largest corporations. The city is also the center of advertising, fashion, publishing, and radio broadcasting in the United States. Its population is over 8 million. Over 1/3 of residents speak a language other than English. More than 250 films are shot here every year. The subway system is the largest in the world. Over 55 million visitors per year. Times Square is the #1 tourist destination in the US los angeles – 2nd largest city: los angeles – 2 nd largest city The Los Angeles five-county area has a population of almost 20 million. It includes Los Angeles, Riverside, Ventura, Orange and San Bernardino Counties. If the five-county Los Angeles area were a state, it would be the 4th largest in the US. 25 million visitors per year port of los angeles: port of los angeles is the busiest port in the US and one of the busiest in the world. 7,500 acres 43 miles of waterfront over 600,000 cruise ship passengers per year net income of almost $100 million per year chicago – 3rd largest city: chicago – 3 rd largest city It is the largest city in Illinois. It has the world’s largest: Commercial office building Illuminated fountain Public library Convention facility Stand-alone theater Almost 1/3 of Chicago’s residents are Hispanic. Located on Lake Michigan, it is a major Great Lakes port and the commercial, financial, industrial, and cultural center of the Midwest. the most popular tourist destinations in the u.s.: the most popular tourist destinations in the u.s . #1 times square – new york city: #1 times square – new york city #2 the las vegas strip: #2 the las vegas strip #3 national mall, washington, d.c.: #3 national mall, washington , d.c . Surrounded by nine museums including the Smithsonian Museums Cherry Blossom Festival 4 th of July celebration Monuments include the Vietnam, Korean and World War II Memorials. YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK: YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK A mountain wild land, home to grizzly bears, wolves, and herds of bison and elk, the park is the core of one of the last, nearly intact, natural ecosystems in the Earth’s temperate zone. T he majority of the world's geysers are preserved here. the great lakes water system: the great lakes water system The largest freshwater system in the world. It is used to ship industrial and farm goods. industry: industry Durable Goods – Furniture Machinery Transportation equipment Electrical equipment Computer and electronic products Non-durable Goods – Food and beverages Clothing Paper products Plastics and rubber products U.S. industries: U.S. industries The U.S. has the second largest industrial output in the world; petroleum steel motor vehicles aerospace telecommunications chemicals electronics food processing lumber mining u.s. occupations: u.s . occupations The average hourly earnings of all U.S. employees is $23 per hour. agriculture: agriculture corn: corn The United States is, by far, the largest producer of corn in the world. Corn is grown on over 400,000 U.S. farms. California: California has been the leader in U.S. agricultural production for more than 50 years . Dairy farming and grape vineyards are two of its top producers. PowerPoint Presentation: Cattle – the number 1 livestock Montana has 3 times more cattle than people . mauna kea - the tallest mountain in the world: mauna kea - the tallest mountain in the world Located in Hawaii , it is only 13,796 feet in altitude above sea level, however, when measured from the seafloor it is over 32,000 feet high , taller than Mount Everest. Mauna Kea Observatory Mount Waialeale: Located on Kauai, the wettest place in the world, averaging 450 inches of rainfall per year. Mount Waialeale challenges: challenges The US is the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels 34% of US adults are considered obese. The US spends only 5.5 % of GDP on education. This ranks us lower than 43 other countries in the world. World’s largest consumer of cocaine Poor economy and high debt world perceptions of americans: world perceptions of americans Some descriptions of Americans by people in other countries: They see us as arrogant and self-centered. Rude, obnoxious tourists. They think we place too much importance on our careers. The US is often perceived as the richest country in the world; visitors from other countries are often shocked to come here and see homeless people and poverty. Many people believe that polygamy is legal here. We are still seen as a country with many opportunities and the best universities in the world. america – the “richest” country in the world: america – the “richest” country in the world New York City Appalachia Mexico: Mexico PowerPoint Presentation: It looks like this: PowerPoint Presentation: Mexico lies at the intersection of 4 tectonic plates. The Sierra Madre mountains run through the center. Mexico Facts: Mexico Facts About 3 times the size of Texas Climate varies from desert in the north, to tropical rain forests in the south. Population – approximately 115 million Ethnic groups: Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, Religion – over 80% Christian 80% of people live in urban areas. It is the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world. PowerPoint Presentation: Capital: Mexico City The United Mexican States of Mexico is a federal republic made up of 31 states and one Federal District, which contains the capital, Mexico City. The federal government is divided in three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. Religion: Religion Catholicism is the most common religion in Mexico Mexico’s 92 million Catholics represent the second largest population of Catholics in the entire world, Brazil containing the first Religion is a very important part of these people’s lives Most towns hold an annual feast day which many regard as the most important religious holiday of the year 47% of Catholic Mexicans attend church on a weekly basis The region has frequent earthquakes. In 1985, an earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter Scale killed more than 10,000 people.: The region has frequent earthquakes. In 1985, an earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter Scale killed more than 10,000 people. This area also has active volcanoes. This one, known as ‘Popo,’ has been expelling small amounts of ash on an almost daily basis since 1994.: This area also has active volcanoes. This one, known as ‘Popo,’ has been expelling small amounts of ash on an almost daily basis since 1994. PowerPoint Presentation: History of Mexico: The country now known as Mexico has been populated for about 15,000 years. Complex cultures started developing around 1800 BC. The major civilizations are the Olmec , Maya, and Aztec PowerPoint Presentation: Olmecs Lived in the tropical areas of south-central Mexico. First popped up around 1100 BC PowerPoint Presentation: Olmecs They developed the first writing system in the western hemisphere. Their decline began around 500 BC. It is not clear what happened to them. They influenced the succeeding cultures with their pyramid building, astronomy, math, etc. PowerPoint Presentation: Gigantic Olmec heads carved out of single boulders. It’s thought they represent ball players or kings. PowerPoint Presentation: The Mayan Civilization Had been around since about 1000 BC, but flourished from AD 200-900. Occupied the area around the Yucatan Peninsula. PowerPoint Presentation: The Mayans used rather advanced math. They developed the concept of zero around 357. Europeans imported it from India in the 1100’s. Incredibly advanced and accurate astronomy. They figured the length of the solar year more accurately than others. PowerPoint Presentation: The Mayans also had very intricate art. PowerPoint Presentation: And great architecture. The Yucatan Peninsula: The Yucatan Peninsula This part of Mexico is in the state of Chiapas. Formerly the home of the Maya Civilization, it is now a top tourist destination. PALENQUE The ruins of Palenque contain some of the finest architecture, sculpture, and relief carvings that the Mayans produced. : PALENQUE The ruins of Palenque contain some of the finest architecture, sculpture, and relief carvings that the Mayans produced. PowerPoint Presentation: The ruins were overgrown with jungle, but have now been reclaimed. Also near Palenque: Also near Palenque Misol -Ha Waterfall Chichen Itza is located about 90 minutes from Cancun. It has one of the best pyramids in the world, and is a very popular tourist destination. : Chichen Itza is located about 90 minutes from Cancun. It has one of the best pyramids in the world, and is a very popular tourist destination. Tulum Also near Cancun, it was one of the last cities inhabited and built by the Mayans. It was a walled city on a cliff that served as a major port.: Tulum Also near Cancun, it was one of the last cities inhabited and built by the Mayans. It was a walled city on a cliff that served as a major port. PowerPoint Presentation: The Aztec Civilizations Existed from the 1300’s to the 1500’s. Based their empire in the city of Tenochtitlan – modern day Mexico City. It was at this location that the Aztecs supposedly saw a vision of an eagle holding a snake while perched on a prickly pear cactus. Sound familiar? It should, it’s on the Mexican flag. PowerPoint Presentation: The Spanish conquest resulted in a mixing of Spanish and native cultures (and DNA). The resulting culture was wholly unique and developed into the Mexican culture. Many modern-day Mexicans are a combination of Spanish and native blood. Full-blooded peoples of both derivations can still be found and this is sometimes a root of racism. The Baja Peninsula (Baja California) More than 200,000 U.S. expatriates live here.: The Baja Peninsula (Baja California) More than 200,000 U.S. expatriates live here. Home to Tijuana, where Californians go when they just want to get “ South of the Border.” Also home to Cabo San Lucas, a resort and cruise ship destination. Mexico City: Mexico City The second largest city in the World Home to almost 20 million people PowerPoint Presentation: Mexico City has the worst pollution in the Western Hemisphere. The surrounding mountains trap the smog inside the valley. PowerPoint Presentation: Mexico City has not been able to keep up with its rapid population growth, and essential services such as drinking water and electricity cannot be counted on. Since 2007, Mexico's powerful drug-trafficking organizations have engaged in bloody feuding, resulting in tens of thousands of drug-related homicides.: Since 2007, Mexico's powerful drug-trafficking organizations have engaged in bloody feuding, resulting in tens of thousands of drug-related homicides. Education: Education Approximately 89%-94% of children attend school Average of about 7.5-8 years of school Children go to school in shifts, some in the morning, others in the afternoon. It is prohibited to teach religion in public schools. In many parts of Mexico City, you will see trash piled up on the corners waiting for the garbage truck. The smell is awful. : In many parts of Mexico City, you will see trash piled up on the corners waiting for the garbage truck. The smell is awful. A public restroom in a Mexican bus station. You must pay to enter, and an attendant hands you toilet paper.: A public restroom in a Mexican bus station. You must pay to enter, and an attendant hands you toilet paper. PowerPoint Presentation: El Zocalo in Mexico City is the third largest public square in the world. PowerPoint Presentation: Economy Still struggling to modernize to a full industrial economy. Has been traditionally agricultural. Has good oil reserves Also has a number of factories near the U.S. border called maquiladoras that manufacture goods for export. The Zapatistas of southern Mexico are a rural people who cannot compete with the mass produced U.S. agricultural goods. They symbolize the struggle of indigenous and oppressed people of Mexico. Labor Force - agriculture: 14%, industry: 23 ,%, services : 63% NAFTA The North American Free Trade Agreement of 1994 is a 3-nation partnership between Mexico, the U.S., and Canada that would promote the free flow of goods among the member countries. It has greatly helped Mexico’s economy by doubling the trade between Mexico and the U.S. : NAFTA The North American Free Trade Agreement of 1994 is a 3-nation partnership between Mexico, the U.S., and Canada that would promote the free flow of goods among the member countries. It has greatly helped Mexico’s economy by doubling the trade between Mexico and the U.S. The average wage is about 46 peso per day. ($3.62) Most farmers in Mexico are sustenance farmers, meaning they only grow enough to feed themselves, with no extra to sell for profit. : The average wage is about 46 peso per day. ($3.62) Most farmers in Mexico are sustenance farmers, meaning they only grow enough to feed themselves, with no extra to sell for profit. It is thought that corn originated here. PowerPoint Presentation: Common Mexican Exports PowerPoint Presentation: Migration Many Mexicans move to cities because that’s where economic opportunities are thought to be. Many more migrate to the United States, often illegally. This is due to poor job opportunities in Mexico and more job opportunities in the U.S. Often, much of the money earned in the U.S. is sent back to family members to Mexico to help support them. Illegal Tunnels: Illegal Tunnels This tunnel had a pulley system on the Mexican side, a cement floor, lighting, ventilation, a pumping system to drain groundwater, and began near the Tijuana airport - ending in a warehouse on the U.S. side. 2 tons of marijuana were found inside. 149 tunnels like this have been found. Mexicans are very proud people They have been know to put TV antennas on their roof to make it look like they own a TV. Janitors have been seen wearing suits and carrying a briefcase to work, then they change into coveralls when they get there. : Mexicans are very proud people They have been know to put TV antennas on their roof to make it look like they own a TV. Janitors have been seen wearing suits and carrying a briefcase to work, then they change into coveralls when they get there. PowerPoint Presentation: “Real” Tacos PowerPoint Presentation: Soccer is the most popular sport in Mexico. Estadio Azteca is the 4th largest stadium in the world. Día de los Muertos: Día de los Muertos A Mexican holiday on November 1 st , it honors ancestors who have passed away. The tradition originated from an Aztec custom.