Gerunds and infinitives

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Gerund or Infinitive ? : 

Gerund or Infinitive ? How to choose the right one....

We select the –ing from.... : 

We select the –ing from.... As a SUBJECT when we express a general idea(Subject of the sentence in most cases): “Paying attention is essential in class” After any preposition: “I am looking forward to hearing from you” After certain verbal expressions (can’t stand, can’t help, be/get used to, don’t mind/would mind, it’s no use): “I can’t help getting angry when pupils speak in class” As Direct Object of a list of verbs (continue, enjoy, like, love, prefer, suggest, recommend, etc...): “I prefer going to the beach”

List of verbs followed by –ing form : 

List of verbs followed by –ing form She is not used to driving on the left She got used to eating English breakfasts He can’t help thinking that I’m better than him They can’t stand listening to politicians on TV. I don’t mind doing homework. I feel like going to the concert tonight- It’s not use visiting them because they are never at home. I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon. She spends (the) time playing computer games.

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List of verbs followed by –ing form He continues doing sports every day. They dislike eating snails. I enjoy going out with my friends She finished doing her homework very late. We hate losing our matches. He likes running marathons. I love cooking cakes. You miss playing with your computer. They prefer playing cards than football. I recommend watching that movie He suggests going to the cinema

We select Infinitive.... : 

We select Infinitive.... To form the subject of a verb that refers to something specific: “To answer this question is essential” After some adjectives and/or adverbs: “I am happy to announce my daughter’s wedding” “The wall was too high to jump for young children” After the Indirect Object of certain verbs (advise, invite, warn, teach, ...): “The Headmaster warned the student not to do that again” Verbs of perception(hear, feel,see...) ; LET; MAKE  INF sin TO: “I heard him enter the house”; “Let me explain”; “She made me do it”.

List of verbs followed by Infinitive : 

List of verbs followed by Infinitive I agreed to come home. He began to work very hard, after the boss spoke to him. They hope to finish on time. She wants to watch that movie

Verbs followed by Object and an Infinitive: : 

Verbs followed by Object and an Infinitive: She advised me to do my homework. They invited them to go to the party. I persuaded him to work really hard. We taught them to cycle faster. You told them to close the door. She warm me not to do it.

Verbs that can be followed by both “INFINITIVE” or “-ING” : 

Verbs that can be followed by both “INFINITIVE” or “-ING” No change in meaning: begin, propose, forbid, intend, start.. With a difference meaning: REMEMBER, FORGET, REGRET, STOP, TRY... REMEMBER/FORGET/REGRET: + INFINITIVE Future + -ing  Past Examples: “I remember attending to dance classes when I was a child” “Remember to revise the questions before handing out the exam” “My grandmother forgot to lock the door when she left the house” “I repeated the activity because I forgot doing it last week”

Verbs that can be followed by both “INFINITIVE” or “-ING” : 

Verbs that can be followed by both “INFINITIVE” or “-ING” STOP: + ING  NO (don’t do that anymore) + INFINITIVE  YES (do it, indeed) Examples: “You have to stop writing at 10 o’clock.” “After five hours of hard work we stopped to have a rest” TRY: +ING  “experiment” + INFINITIVE  “make the effort” Examples: “I was trying to open the door but I couldn’t.” “Why don’t you try using this key?”

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