logging in or signing up Topic 1 Lecture Juvenile Justice and Childhood jdodaro Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 292 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: May 05, 2011 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Juvenile Justice!: Juvenile Justice!Rose Kennedy: Rose Kennedy B.A., Cum Laude, The American University, 1992. J.D., Magna Cum Laude, The American University, 1998. Deputy State’s Attorney, Chittenden County, Vermont, 1998-2006. My email: firstname.lastname@example.org : My email: email@example.comJuvenile Justice! : Juvenile Justice!What is a Juvenile?: What is a Juvenile?And do Juveniles get Justice?: And do Juveniles get Justice?How are kids treated in the United States?: How are kids treated in the United States?And is it fair?: And is it fair?Criminal Justice System: Criminal Justice SystemFreedom of Speech: Freedom of SpeechEducational Rights: Educational RightsIssues that Affect Kids.: Issues that Affect Kids.Where we are now, in terms of how kids are treated: Where we are now, in terms of how kids are treatedAnd how did we got here.: And how did we got here.Topic 1: Topic 1 Juvenile Justice and Childhood. Has childhood always existed? What is a child? How are children treated in the U.S. criminal justice system?Has childhood always existed?: Has childhood always existed?Ancient Times: Ancient TimesDominance of the Father.: Dominance of the Father.patria postestas: patria postestasChildren = Property : Children = PropertySlide 23: (Or something akin to property.)Children = pets?: Children = pets?Middle Ages: Middle AgesFeudal times: Feudal timesland: landmoney: moneyChildren?: Children?Philippe Aries: Philippe AriesCENTURIES OF CHILDHOOD 1962. : CENTURIES OF CHILDHOOD 1962.Children = little adults.: Children = little adults.no childhood : no childhood poor: poorIgnorant, uneducated: Ignorant, uneducatedstarving: starvingpowerless: powerlessChildhood sucked.: Childhood sucked.Childhood was not pleasant.: Childhood was not pleasant.parens patriae: parens patriaeDominance of the Father.: Dominance of the Father.Father of all in the Kingdom.: Father of all in the Kingdom.land: landmoney: moneyChildren?: Children?Chancery Courts: Chancery CourtsCustody/guardianship: Custody/guardianshipinheritance: inheritanceSeparate courts of equity.: Separate courts of equity.money: moneyland: landSeparate courts for children.: Separate courts for children.Enlightenment: Enlightenment John Locke Jean Jacques RousseauChildhood is a : Childhood is atime of innocence: time of innocenceA sanctuary before one face’s hardships of adulthood: A sanctuary before one face’s hardships of adulthoodand: andchildren are not inherently evil, but rather, : children are not inherently evil, but rather,Children are good.: Children are good.Children = entertainment.: Children = entertainment.Children = extension of their parents: Children = extension of their parentsWhat about childhood in the U.S.?: What about childhood in the U.S.?Puritans: Puritansreligious: religiousOriginal sin.: Original sin.Dominance of the Father.: Dominance of the Father.Incorrigible child laws.: Incorrigible child laws.status offense: status offenseCorporal punishment.: Corporal punishment.Importance of Moms: Importance of MomsChildren = future good citizens.: Children = future good citizens.Industrialization: IndustrializationFamily unit is no longer self sufficient.: Family unit is no longer self sufficient.Family unit is no longer cohesive. : Family unit is no longer cohesive.Dominance of the Boss.: Dominance of the Boss.Enlightenment: Enlightenmentchildhood = age of innocence: childhood = age of innocenceOversight of the State.: Oversight of the State.Children = citizens?: Children = citizens?children = future citizens?: children = future citizens?parens patriae: parens patriaeOversight of the State.: Oversight of the State.child labor laws: child labor lawsminimum standards: minimum standardshealth: healtheducation: education1950’s: 1950’sTeenagers: TeenagersToday.: Today.helicopter parenting: helicopter parentingchild = small adult: child = small adultrights as full members of society?: rights as full members of society?What is a child? : What is a child?Are children different?: Are children different?How?: How?0 – 3 years : 0 – 3 yearsintense brain growth: intense brain growthabuse or neglect: abuse or neglectdiminished brain growth: diminished brain growth6 years old brain 90% to 95% the size of an adult brain: 6 years old brain 90% to 95% the size of an adult brainrights: rightslife: lifefood: foodshelter: sheltergood health: good healthnot to be abused: not to be abusedfamily: familyState Oversight: State Oversightresponsibilities?: responsibilities?dependant: dependant4-11 years old: 4-11 years oldparents: parentsfamily: familymore State Oversight: more State Oversightschool: schooltruancy: truancyless dominance of family: less dominance of familyteachers: teachersfriends: friendspeers: peers12-17 years old: 12-17 years oldteenagers: teenagersChildhood adulthood: Childhood adulthoodfamily peers: family peersdependence independence: dependence independencerights responsibilities: rights responsibilitiesnot old enough to : not old enough todrink: drinksmoke: smokevote: votebut, old enough to: but, old enough tomens rea: mens reaIs that fair?: Is that fair?teenage brain: teenage brainhttp://www.time.com/time/covers/1101040510/brain/ : http://www.time.com/time/covers/1101040510/brain/ Hess, Chapt. 4How are children treated in the U.S. criminal justice system? : How are children treated in the U.S. criminal justice system?Colonial Period: Colonial PeriodBlackstone, 1776: Blackstone, 1776children 0 - 7: children 0 - 7no mens rea: no mens rea8 and above: 8 and abovemens rea: mens reapunished as an adult: punished as an adultIndustrialization: IndustrializationChild Savers Movement late 1800’s -early 1900s: Child Savers Movement late 1800’s -early 1900sparens patriae: parens patriaefirst Juvenile Court, Illinois 1899: first Juvenile Court, Illinois 1899reform schools: reform schoolsorphan trains: orphan trainsincreased State oversight: increased State oversightless judicial: less judicialmore of a welfare system : more of a welfare system“Americanize” immigrant children: “Americanize” immigrant children“make proper” poor children: “make proper” poor children1967: 1967Warren Court: Warren CourtIn re Gault: In re GaultBill of Rights applies to Juveniles: Bill of Rights applies to JuvenilesBill of Rights = first 10 Amendments to the US Constitution: Bill of Rights = first 10 Amendments to the US Constitutionlife: lifefood: foodshelter: shelterMinimum standards of : Minimum standards ofhealth care: health careeducation: educationJuveniles have the right to: Juveniles have the right todue process: due process4th Amendment right to notice: 4 th Amendment right to notice5th Amendment right to remain silent: 5 th Amendment right to remain silent6th Amendment right to be represented by an attorney: 6 th Amendment right to be represented by an attorneyDue process: Due processToday: Today2 types of cases: 2 types of casesCHINS: CHINSChildren in Need of Supervision: Children in Need of Supervisionany aged child: any aged childabused or neglected: abused or neglectedChildren 0-7: Children 0-7offense: offenseBlackstone, 1776: Blackstone, 1776Children 0 -7: Children 0 -7not competent: not competentcannot form mens rea: cannot form mens reaCHINS: CHINSchildren 8 – 14ish: children 8 – 14ishdelinquent: delinquentcan form mens rea: can form mens reaseparate juvenile court: separate juvenile court“best interest of the child”: “best interest of the child”private proceeding: private proceedingnot meant to stigmatize: not meant to stigmatizereform and rehabilitate: reform and rehabilitatenot meant to punish: not meant to punishOJJDP: OJJDPchildren 14ish – 17: children 14ish – 171980’s: 1980’sincrease in teen crime: increase in teen crimeget tough of crime: get tough of crimechildren 14ish - 17: children 14ish - 17adult or child?: adult or child?adults: adultscriminals: criminalsseriousness of the crime: seriousness of the crime15 year old who shoplifts: 15 year old who shopliftsdelinquent: delinquent15 year old who murders: 15 year old who murderscriminal: criminaldeterrence: deterrencespecific deterrence: specific deterrencegeneral deterrence: general deterrencediversion: diversionNet-widening: Net-wideningdiscretion: discretionTopic 1: Topic 1 Juvenile Justice and Childhood. Has childhood always existed? What is a child? How are children treated in the U.S. criminal justice system? my email firstname.lastname@example.org : my email email@example.comImage credits.: Image credits. Zeus – http://www.buzzle.com/articles/zeus-greek-god.html Renaissance Family Portraits: Joshua Reynolds, Duchess of Devonshire and Her Daughter, 1784. Joshua Reynolds, Lady Smith and Children, 1787. George Romney, The Gower Family, 1776-7. Reproduced @ The Dutchess of Devonshire’s Gossip Guide to the 18th Century. The Enlightened Family Portrait, Part 1, Women and Children. http://georgianaduchessofdevonshire.blogspot.com/2008/09/enlightened-family-portrait-part-1.html Giotto, Madonna and Child, http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/art/ Puritans and Pilgrims arriving in the New World during the early 1600’s, http://endtimepilgrim.org/puritans.htm William Johnston, Mrs Jacob Hurd & Child, 1763. http://b-womeninamericanhistory18.blogspot.com/2011/02/american-colonial-era-artist-william.html Tench Francis, by Robert Feke, http://russellmcneil.blogspot.com/2007/08/robert-feke-1705-1750.htmlImage credits.: Image credits. Richard the Lionhearted, http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/Richard_coeurdelion_g.jpg Declaration of Independence, painting by John Trumbull, http://loc.gov/pictures/resource/thc.5a50954 John Durand, The Rapalje Children, 1768, http://www.andrewcusack.com/2007/10/08/the-rapalje-children/ Stained glass window or Crusades Knight, http://museum.msu.edu/museum/msgc/sep07.html Monty Python and the Search for the Holy Grail, http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail Unicorn Tapestry, http://www.washington-heights.us/yabbse/index.php?topic=2012.0Image credits.: Image credits. Antietam Battlefield, http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?cwar:13:./temp/~ammem_LyZ5 Immigration photos, http://www.fairus.org/site/PageNavigator/facts/quiz_q1_moreinfo/ http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/Lesson_54_Notes.htm http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Ha-La/Irish-Americans.html Steel Mill, http://www.jaha.org/edu/discovery_center/work/industry02.html 1950’s photos, http://knitterfromthepast.blogspot.com/2009_09_01_archive.html http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/06/business/06restaurants.html?_r=1 Helicopter parent, http://www.golocalprov.com/lifestyle/are-you-a-helicopter-parent/ Warren Court, http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/history/johnson/7418warren.htm You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.