Norse Mythology : Norse Mythology Freshman English 111
Mr. John D’Adamo Background : Background Scandinavia – Norway, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, Denmark, Greenland Cosmology : Cosmology Three worlds above:
Asgard (The Aesir)
Three worlds on earth:
Vanaheim (The Vanir)
Midgard (Middle Earth)
Jotunheim (Frost Giants)
Three worlds below:
Svartalheim (dwarves) Cosmology, Cont’d : Cosmology, Cont’d Odin slew Ymir and built the world from his body.
The world and the gods are doomed to inevitable destruction.
This is a markedly pessimistic view. Cosmology, Cont’d : Cosmology, Cont’d Valhalla, Hall of Heroes : Valhalla, Hall of Heroes Most souls go to Hel when they die and simply suffer in patient silence.
Only the valiant are selected to go to Valhalla.
There they wait for the Last Battle, Ragnorak, at the end of the world.
They are carried off the battlefield by Valkyries, the warrior-maidens.
Redefinition of heroism to include the tragic hero, who faces his imminent demise with courage. Ride of the Valkyries : Ride of the Valkyries The Aesir : The Aesir Odin – King of gods
Thor – Thunder god
Loki – Fire; Trickster god (Prometheus)
Balder – Light, beauty
Hoder – Blind brother of Balder
Tyr = Ares
Fenris Frey (Freyr) = Apollo
Freya (Freyja) = Artemis/Aphrodite
Frigga = Hera/Demeter
Heimdall – Guards the gate to Asgard
Hela – Queen of the Dead
Jormungand Odin (Woden, Wotan) : Odin (Woden, Wotan) King of gods
Tries to stop Ragnorak
Hangs from tree for nine days to learn the runes.
Gives eye to Mimir in exchange for knowledge.
Pet Ravens – Thought and Memory
Horse – Sleipnir
Woden’s Day = Wednesday Thor : Thor Thunder god
Battles Frost Giants and has many adventures
Will die vs. Jormungand at Ragnorak.
Cross between Zeus and Hercules
Thor’s Day = Thursday Tyr : Tyr God of war
Captain of Valhalla
Similar to Michael the Archangel.
One-handed, lost it caging Fenris in Hel.
Will die fighting Fenris at Ragnorak.
Tyr’s Day = Tuesday Frey(r), Frey(j)a, Frigga : Frey(r), Frey(j)a, Frigga FRIDAY Balder and Hoder : Balder and Hoder Everyone loves Balder.
Freya and the mistletoe.
Loki tricks Hoder into killing Balder.
Freya, Hel, the old woman. Loki : Loki Part giant. All trickster.
Prometheus, Mephistopheles, Kokopelli, Judas, Bugs Bunny. Hela : Hela Queen of the Dead
Daughter of Loki
Half beauty, half corpse. Frost Giants : Frost Giants Live in Jotunheim and are enemies to the Aesir.
Will ultimately triumph over the forces of Asgard at Ragnorak. Ragnorak : Ragnorak Heimdall’s horn
Frost Giant invasion
Jormungand vs. Thor
Fenris vs. Tyr
Loki vs. Odin
The Fire Giant awakens.
Gotterdammerung Niddhogg chews through.
Muspelheim and Niflheim collide.
The stars die.
Flood and Rebirth.
Rise of the One God. Link to the Past… : Take a tour of the Norse universe...
Norse Myth Pictures
The Aesir of the Norse
The Norse Gods and Goddesses
Loki, the Trickster God Link to the Past…