Class 8 - Safety: Safety 1 Class 8 - Safety Turner School of Construction Management Your Roadmap to Success Welcome Back!: Safety 2 Welcome Back! What do you expect to learn from this class? Slide 3: Safety 3 Where Are We on the Road to Success? Safety 3 Slide 4: Safety 4 Objectives: Safety 5 Objectives Safety: Safety 6 Safety Why is safety important? Importance of Safety: Safety 7 Importance of Safety Managing safety within your organization is important because: It impacts your business It affects your people It fulfills your moral obligation to your workers and their families Safety: Safety 8 Safety Business Side Risk Management: Safety 9 Risk Management Evaluate Risks Inherent in Your Business Are you in higher-risk work (structural steel, roofing, etc.) vs. lower-risk work (e.g., landscaping)? Understanding the nature of your work will help determine the requirements and complexities of your safety program. How do you calculate risk? Company Safety Program: Safety 10 Company Safety Program A company safety program includes the following components: Policy statement Written program with policy and procedures Policy Statement: Safety 11 Policy Statement A policy statement is a statement signed by the CEO or President that states how the company will conduct itself with regard to safety. Written Program With Policy and Procedures: Safety 12 Written Program With Policy and Procedures A written program should include: Responsibilities Accountabilities Policies and procedures First-day orientation, safety glasses, hardhats, six-foot fall protection, etc. Determined based on the work you’ll be performing Consequences: Safety 13 Consequences Consequences for non-compliance include OSHA fines, high insurance costs, lost productivity, involvement in and costs of litigation, inability to compete for work Many general contractors and owners require safety pre-qualification information before you can bid on their work Safety Training: Safety 14 Safety Training You are legally required to ensure all employees receive approved training in safety regulations and specific areas of safety practice for potential hazards: OSHA 10/30 hour Scaffolding Fall protection Electrical Excavation Underground/overhead protection First aid/CPR Hazardous materials Confined space/permit required confined space Walk the talk – everyone should receive training Additional Safety Plan Items: Safety 15 Additional Safety Plan Items In addition to the mandatory training, your safety plan should include: New Hire Safety Orientation training Weekly safety training “Toolbox Talks” Equipment/tool operation training Pre-task planning/JHA (Job Hazard Analysis) training OSHA 30-Hour Certification Slide 16: Safety 16 OSHA was established in 1970 to develop safety standards and regulations and enforce safety in the workplace for all industries. Construction regulations are included in CFR 1926. However, there are other OSHA standards that must be followed for general industry (CFR 1910) when working in a permanent facility, record keeping (CFR 1904), and maritime requirements. OSHA Requirements: Safety 17 OSHA Requirements Training OSHA standards require worker training. In addition, competent person training and/or qualified person training may be required. Record Keeping OSHA requires that certain information be recorded. This is generally done at the job site on a project-specific basis. Compliance You must record lost time incidents, lost work incidents, and recordables on a monthly basis for each project and for the company overall. If you do not comply with these regulations, you are subject to specified penalties. OSHA Standards: Safety 18 OSHA Standards All relevant OSHA 29 CFR 1926 and 1910 standards will be followed. See handout for specific items to be adhered to on all jobs. All accidents are to be investigated and reported to OSHA. By definition, accidents are unplanned occurrences which could result in personal injury or property loss. See handout for additional information. Building Relationships: Safety 19 Building Relationships Work with Turner ’ s/general contractor’s staff Work with your insurance carrier Work with OSHA Work with your people Business Side: Safety 20 Business Side Q&A Break: Safety 21 Break 5 minutes Safety: Safety 22 Safety Project Side Project Risk Management: Safety 23 Project Risk Management You must evaluate safety risks inherent in your work on the specific project to include: Contractual requirements Schedule requirements Interface of your work with other contractors and the public Site conditions Other specific safety considerations inherent in specific projects Once identified, you need to incorporate such requirements in your project safety program and establish other follow-up actions. Project-Specific Safety Program: Safety 24 Project-Specific Safety Program Pre-planning/evaluation of specific hazards and risks Project-specific requirements Coordination with other trades Assignment of safety responsibilities including competent safety person Toolbox safety meetings and other job-specific training requirements Environmental hazards Drug and alcohol testing when required Safety inspections and reports Disciplinary actions/rewards Record keeping Housekeeping Personal protective equipment (PPE) Tools and equipment Hazard communication program including MSDS At a minimum, the project safety program should include: Pre-Job Planning: Safety 25 Pre-Job Planning Have a site-specific safety and health program at job, including the general program outlined herein. Designate persons for safety, training, tool repair, record keeping, and inspections (competent person for trenching, personnel hoists, wire ropes, etc.) Determine PPE requirements for specific work activities. Hold a pre-job conference with all employees and others directly involved to plan for specific safety hazards during your phase or phases of work. Have a clear understanding of the potential hazards and their elimination. Follow and support all safety and health policies. Job Site Safety Checklists: Safety 26 Job Site Safety Checklists Housekeeping Structures PPE Cranes and Hoists Excavations Tools Fire Prevention Fall Protection Manage Safety Proactively: Safety 27 Manage Safety Proactively Your Responsibilities Review your contract Conduct training sessions Use protective measures Require precautions by others Safety meeting attendance Know who created the hazard Know who has the responsibility and authority to correct it Make an effort to have it corrected, preferably in writing Instruct your employees to avoid the hazard or provide alternative means of protecting them Incident Investigation: Safety 28 Incident Investigation Ensure the injured have been aided and family has been notified If necessary, close off the area to protect conditions for further investigation Notify Turner (or the GC) in the event of an incident Interview all witnesses and document their statements Inspect machinery, tools, material and/or equipment that may have been involved Retain these items for further investigation Take pictures Identify with date, time, and content of photo Consult with your insurance company immediately Have them assist with the investigation Write up entire investigation Conduct drug screening for injured and other involved parties Project Side: Safety 29 Project Side Q&A Resources: Safety 30 Resources The following resources can help you with safety: Safety checklists Sample safety plans Organizations Consultants Bureau of Workers’ Compensation Conclusion: Safety 31 Conclusion Key Points to Remember: Managing safety within your organization is important because: It impacts your business It affects your people It fulfills your moral obligation to your workers and their families Safety is everyone’s responsibility. A company safety program should include a policy statement, written program, policies and procedures, and consequences. Your company is legally required to ensure all employees receive approved safety training for hazards they may be exposed to. Conclusion (Cont.): Safety 32 Conclusion (Cont.) Key Points (Cont.) OSHA develops and enforces standards and regulations for safety in the workplace. OSHA requires worker training, record keeping, and compliance. The project safety program is job-specific and includes your company’s safety general requirements and policies and, in addition, specific requirements determined by project conditions and contracts. You must evaluate safety risks inherent in your work obligations For your protection, you must document your safety activities and those of others that affect you. What Did You Learn?: Safety 33 What Did You Learn? How will you apply what you’ve learned to your own company? Write down your responses on the paper provided Preparation for Next Class - Scheduling: Safety 34 Preparation for Next Class - Scheduling Take the following course on Turner University: Schedule Development Any Questions?: Safety 35 Any Questions? Class Evaluation: Safety 36 Class Evaluation Please take the next couple of minutes to complete the evaluation form for this class. When you are finished, please place the completed form on the front desk.