The Teenage Brain

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Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

Describes how the teenage brain is different from the adult brain

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Presentation Transcript

Under Construction:

Under Construction The Teenage Brain

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Too Dependent on the Amygdala Teens process emotions differently from adults Use the amygdala (emotion center) more than the frontal lobe

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Try this test to see how you interpret emotions This can cause teens to misread emotions

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What does this mean for teens? What problems can this cause for teens as they relate to their friends? What problems can this cause for teens as they relate to adults? What are some consequences that can occur due this facts? Too Dependent on the Amygdala

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The Brain Matures from Back to Front T he brain continues to change into the early 20's The frontal lobes, responsible for reasoning and problem solving, develop last .

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What type of tasks may be more difficult for teens than for adults? Are there things that adults ask teens to do that their brain may not be ready to do? Are there things that teachers ask teens to do that their brain may not be ready to do? The Brain Matures from Back to Front

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Tremendous Growth in the Cerebellum During the Teen Years Cerebellum is responsible for coordination May explain periods of clumsiness and lack of physical coordination

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Teens are Novelty-Seeking Prefrontal cortex controls novelty seeking and natural curiosity impulse. Teens are motivated by risky and new experiences Teens often seek new and risky experiences without thinking about the consequences

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What does this mean for teens? What are some consequences that can occur due this facts? Teens are Novelty-Seeking

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Prefrontal lobe allows you to delay gratification Receiving a reward increases the neurotransmitter dopamine. Increase dopamine, increase pleasure Prefrontal cortex helps control reward-pleasure connection. Helps to delay gratification Dopamine levels are high in teens.

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Many drugs like alcohol and nicotine have a tremendous effect on the reward/pleasure systems in the teenage brain. Much easier for teens to become addicted to these drugs Much harder for teens to overcome these additions

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The Marshmallow Experiment Research shows that people who can delay gratification do better in school. Practicing delaying gratification increase your ability to do so

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What does this mean for teens? What are some consequences that can occur when gratification is not delayed? Can you give an example from your life of a negative consequence from not delaying gratification Prefrontal lobe allows you to delay gratification

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Use or Lose During early teen years an excess of synapses form Leaning is helped by pruning away synapses that are not used Myelin is wrapped around other synapses that are used – increasing connection Connections that are used are strengthened Connections that are not used are lost

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What synapses do you want to keep? What activities will help you retain the synapses that are need in life? Use of Lose

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A Visual Review of the Changes Visit this site for a visual display of the changes in a teen’s brain

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