Present Perfect Tense

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1 E nglish Grammar Present perfect By Isabel Janeth López M.

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The summer has already arrived How do you know? 2

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3 Present Perfect Tense …used for an action which started at some time in the past , and is still continuing now . to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important

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4 Present Perfect Tense Describe your experience …to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important . I  have been  to France. This sentence means that you have had the experience of being in France. Maybe you have been there once, or several times.

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5 Present Perfect Tense We often use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time. You  have grown  since the last time I saw you. My English has really improved since I moved to Australia.

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6 Present Perfect Tense to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. You cannot mention a specific time.. Man  has walked  on the Moon. Our son  has learned how to read. Doctors  have cured  many deadly diseases. Scientists  have split the atom.

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7 Present Perfect Tense to say that an action which we expected has not happened. Using the Present Perfect suggests that we are still waiting for the action to happen. James  has not finished  his homework yet. Sue  hasn't mastered  Japanese, but she can communicate. Bill  has  still  not arrived . The rain  hasn't stopped .

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Read / read / read Play / played / played Work/worked/worked See /saw/ seen Do /did/ done Irregular Verbs Eat / ate/ eaten 8 Present Perfect Tense Regular Verbs

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Past tense Present Tense I lived in USA in2001. Now, I live in Mexico 2008 Present Perfect tense I have lived in USA. For example: 9

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For a period (from start to end) >=====< For 20 minutes For three days For 6 months For 10 weeks For five centuries For a longtime For ever etc. 10 since a point (up to now) X=====> Since 9 a.m. Since Monday Since January Since 1997 Since 1500 Since I left school Since the beginning of time etc. all tenses Perfect tense only

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FORM : have / has + past participle Affirmative : 5 Affirmative and negative sentences Personal pronoun Have (not) Past Participle Complement I We You They have (not) fished played skied swum cleaned done written Walked in this lake many time . soccer for a long time. since I was a little boy. many times in the last year. the house three time in the last five days. my homework in two hours. two books lately. to that mountain once He She it has ( not ) 11

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FORM : have / has + past participle I have read that book before . Affirmative : 1- Affirmative: I have not played soccer in this team. 12 2- Negative:

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Has she seen the film before? Have you seen the film before? 13 Yes/no question ?

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Exercises: 1 . Susan and Carlos ____________________ to Europe twice this year. (go) 2. I _____________________ a ghost (not/see) 4 . The teacher _____________________ the students with their homework. (help) 5. Luis _____________________ all the questions in the exam. (not/answer ) 3. I ______________________ in this company since 2001. (work) Question 1 : Full in blank with present perfect simple 14

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AFFIRMATIVE negative Interrogative He has written a letter . They have not stopped. Have we danced? She has worked. Andy has not slept. Question 2 : Complete the table in present perfect simple 15

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Phil / not / miss / the bus - -------------------------- they / not / plant / a tree - --------------------------- Vanessa / catch / the ball - ------------------------- we / sell / our old car - ------------------------------- the train / leave / the station------------------------ Question 3 : Write sentences in present perfect simple. 16

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. you / correct / my mistakes -------------------------------------------- they / finish / their homework –---------------------------------------- you / practice / your English –----------------------------------------- the waiter / bring / the tea - -------------------------------------------- Marilyn / pay / the bill - -------------------------------------------------- you / ever / write / a poem -------------------------------------------- Question 4 : Write questions in present perfect simple 17

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The End 18

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