Block 2 Task 3a A framework for social science

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation:

The 6E plan A framework for teaching social science

PowerPoint Presentation:

Just as with natural science , we need to break down a topic or unit of work into stages for social science . These stages help us to : plot a route through the topic and organise how we are going to teach it ensure that there is a progression through the topic and that each stage builds on the previous one help our learners and ourselves to chart their progress through a topic keep sight of the aims and learning outcomes of the topic as a whole and relate them to each stage develop different process skills through a variety of task types

PowerPoint Presentation:

It is a good idea to begin each topic by identifying a key question which encapsulates the main objective of the topic .

PowerPoint Presentation:

For example , in this first cycle topic , a logical key question might be : What makes a neighbourhood ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

This question should be borne in mind throughout the whole topic .

PowerPoint Presentation:

The social science 6E framework is very similar in terms of both structure and approach to the one we proposed for natural science . Each stage builds on the previous one . Stage 1: ESTABLISH prior knowledge Stage 2: EXPLORE Stage 3: EXPERIENCE Stage 4: EXPLAIN Stage 5: EXTEND Stage 6: EVALUATE Stage 3: EXPERIENCE The only significant difference is stage 3, which is more about experiencing than experimenting .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Let’s look at how we might define each stage . Learners can be encouraged to express what they already know. This will help them make connections between existing knowledge and new ideas . Process skills : Communicating , describing Stage 1: Establish prior knowledge We can do this through two more Es: Engaging and Eliciting

PowerPoint Presentation:

Learners go on to explore the topic further . This can be by reading , doing an information search , watching a video , etc. Process skills : Deducing , hypothesising , analysing , searching Stage 2: Explore

PowerPoint Presentation:

Learners experience the real world away from the coursebook and have an opportunity to see in action or put into practice fundamental elements they have explored in stages 1 and 2. Process skills : Hypothesising , predicting , estimating , observing , measuring , decision making , communicating Stage 3: Experience This can include field trips , audiovisual material, role plays, projects , etc.

PowerPoint Presentation:

This stage should unite the other three stages . The aim should be for learners to showcase their knowledge of each area of the topic, drawing on everything they have learnt . Process skills : Sequencing , summarising , performing , communicating , synthesising , drawing conclusions, explaining , justifying Stage 4: Explain

PowerPoint Presentation:

This stage looks at how the knowledge learned can be applied to other related topics and to other subjects in the curriculum . Stage 5: Extend Process skills : Comparing , applying , researching

PowerPoint Presentation:

This is a continuous process throughout the whole topic. Just as with natural science , evaluation needs to encompass both content and language with a variety of task types assessing each individually and both together . Stage 6: Evaluate

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions As we suggested earlier , it is a good idea to begin a topic by identifying a key question central to the topic . Stage 4, the Explain stage , should aim to bring us back to the key question . Each of the first three stages of the topic should begin with one or more questions that are key to that stage . These questions should aim to guide pupils through the topic . We will call these guided questions .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions The guided questions act as stepping stones through the topic , leading learners through all the information they need in order to answer the central key question at the end . Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Key question Guided question Guided question Guided question

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a first cycle example From Macmillan Natural and Social Science 1 , by Joanne Ramsden

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a first cycle example What makes a neighbourhood ? What kinds of jobs do people do in these buildings ? What buildings / jobs / transport can you see in action ? Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience These questions aim to engage learners by eliciting information about their own familar environment . What’s your neighbourhood called ? What kinds of buildings are there ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a first cycle example What makes a neighbourhood ? What jobs can you see in action ? Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience What’s your neighbourhood called ? What kinds of buildings are there ? The topic progresses from the buildings to the jobs people do inside them . What kinds of jobs do people do in these buildings ? For example , learners might watch a video, first predicting what jobs they will see in the featured buildings .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a first cycle example What makes a neighbourhood ? What jobs can you see in action ? Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience What’s your neighbourhood called ? What kinds of buildings are there ? What kinds of jobs do people do in these buildings ? For this stage learners could be taken on a field trip to a local urban area with a checklist of buildings , jobs and transport they can see in action . What buildings / jobs / transport can you see in action ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a second cycle example From Macmillan Natural and Social Science 4 , by Helen Sanderson

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a second cycle example How does the government work in your country? How is government organised in your country? What do we look for in a President ? Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience These questions help to establish to what extent the learners already understand what constitutes a public service and how public services are provided . Who pays for these ? What services can you think of that are public ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a second cycle example Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience The topic progresses from the buildings to the jobs How does the government work in your country? What services can you think of that are public ? Who pays for these ? How is government organised in your country? What do we look for in a President ? For example , learners might be given a mind map where key vocab is left out ( eg congress , senate , deputies , etc ) and do a webquest to complete it .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a second cycle example What jobs can you see in action ? Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience How does the government work in your country? What services can you think of that are public ? Who pays for these ? How is government organised in your country? What do we look for in a President ? For this stage learners experience an election process and learn what makes a good candidate in a kind of ‘ discovery ’ role play . How does the government work in your country?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a third cycle example From Macmillan Natural and Social Science 6 , by Maggi Riach and Donna Shaw

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a third cycle example What was the Modern Age ? What happened in the Modern Age ? Which period do you think is the most interesting ? Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience Learners could be given visual prompts such as photographs or video clips from films depicting these eras. Their prior knowledge may well come from the latter . What do you think it was like to live in the 15th / 16th / 17th / 18th / 19th Century (in turn )?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a third cycle example Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience What happened in the Modern Age ? Which period do you think is the most interesting ? For example , learners might do an information-seeking activity to create a timeline of the most significant events . What was the Modern Age ? What do you think it was like to live in the 15th / 16th / 17th / 18th / 19th Century (in turn )?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Key questions and guided questions : a second cycle example What jobs can you see in action ? Stage 1: Establish Stage 2: Explore Stage 3: Experience What was the Modern Age ? What do you think it was like to live in the 15th / 16th / 17th / 18th / 19th Century (in turn )? What happened in the Modern Age ? Which period do you think is the most interesting ? Role plays are a great way of working on periods of history . Here different groups could work on scripting and performing different scenes , one from each period from a given prompt ( eg an artefact or photograph ). They will have time to research their period using reference books , the internet, etc. Pupils will then learn important details about different periods from observing different groups . Alternatively each group could do a presentation on an invention or a food dish . What was the Modern Age ?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Stage 5: Extending the topic As we said earlier , this stage looks at how the knowledge learned can be applied within the same subject and across the curriculum . Let’s look again at our three example topics.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Stage 5: Extending the topic First cycle Geography History Transport Road safety How streets, consumer habits and public services have changed over the last fifty / hundred years.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Stage 5: Extending the topic Second cycle Music PE Listening and reacting to a well known piece of music commonly associated with the country and its culture, or by its most celebrated composer Imagining that the country is hosting the Olympics and inventing (and teaching other groups) a new sport that the country will offer

PowerPoint Presentation:

Stage 5: Extending the topic Third cycle Maths Listening to music, looking at paintings, observing clothes people wore, etc, as primary sources of historical evidence. Extension of the experience by linking to gastronomy History Focusing on a prominent mathematician of the time and testing out his theorems, eg Galileo and his work on pendulums

PowerPoint Presentation:

Stage 6: Evaluating The evaluation principles outlined in the natural science part of this section hold true across the curriculum. For example:

PowerPoint Presentation:

For example, what does this activity access primarily?

PowerPoint Presentation:

It assesses the learners’ grasp of content . They do not need to name the different means of transport, only write the letters in the correct columns.

PowerPoint Presentation:

What about this activity?

PowerPoint Presentation:

It mainly assesses language. Although it requires a degree of understanding of the content, it is largely a mechanical language-driven exercise.

PowerPoint Presentation:

And finally, what does this activity access?

PowerPoint Presentation:

It assesses both content and language. Learners need to have a clear understanding of both in order to carry out the task.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Thank you for watching this PowerPoint presentation . Check out the pdf titled ‘The social science 6E plan – a summary’.

authorStream Live Help