Bless_Me_Ultima_Guide

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STUDY GUIDE : 

STUDY GUIDE

Uno : 

Uno Tony’s destiny: Luna (farmer)? Priest? Vaquero? Which of these would most honor the family? Archetypes: Coming of age, Loss of innocence. Dream #1 The night of Tony’s birth, and the argument between the Lunas and the Vaqueros (5-6). Is Tony fit to be a priest? If he becomes a priest, he wonders, “Who will hear my confession?” (9)

Uno : 

Uno Family After María expresses concern for Ultima, Gabriel says, “It is not the way of our people” to let Ultima live her last days alone (3). The narrator adds, “There was always room in the safety and warmth of la familia for one more person, be they stranger or friend” (4).

Uno : 

Uno Is Ultima a witch? She is a curandera, but because of her special knowledge and her mysterious powers, she could be mistaken for a bruja (4). Spaniard vs. Native American Christianity (Catholicism) vs. magic

Uno : 

Uno Ultima’s Owl What does the owl symbolize? Tony tells us, “I was sure my father would get up and shoot the owl with the old rifle he kept on the kitchen wall. But he didn’t.” Tony also tells us, “I had heard the owl was one of the many disguises a bruja took,” but the owl is not evil in Tony’s dream. “In my dream I saw Ultima’s owl lift la Virgen [de Guadalupe] on her wide wings and fly her to heaven” (13).

Dos : 

Dos Gabriel’s lost dream: Gabriel dreams of taking his family to California to start a vineyard (14-5, 25-6). Archetype: Modernization overtaking people who grew up with the old ways

Dos : 

Dos Is Ultima a witch? Tony tells us, “She taught me the names of plants and flowers, of trees and bushes, of birds and animals; bust most important, I learned from her that there was a beauty in the time of day and in the time of night, and that there was peace in the river and in the hills” (15).

Dos : 

Dos Rio Pecos What does the river symbolize? Tony admits, “I had been afraid of the awful presence of the river… But the innocence which our isolation sheltered could not last forever, and the affairs of the town began to reach across our bridge and enter my life” (15). Later, he witnesses a man’s death on the banks of the river (21-3). Compromise between mother and father: The location of their home

Slide 9: 

More More

Dos : 

Dos Tony witnesses a man’s death: Antonio watches, hidden, as “Lupito’s pistol sounded again. Still, he was not aiming at the men on the bridge. He was shooting to draw their fire!” (22) Will Tony become a priest? After the shooting death, Tony is stricken with grief: “A priest could have saved Lupito… How would I ever wash away the stain of blood from the sweet waters of my river?” (23)

Dos : 

Dos Dream #2 In this nightmare, Antonio sees his three brothers, who tell him what they think his destiny will be (25-6). La llorona (archetype) is compared to Tony’s mother.

Tres : 

Tres Gabriel’s beliefs Freethinker: Vaqueros not very religious (29). The church is too controlling. Priests are feminine. Gabriel is compared to the devil (31). Life gives strength, helps a boy become a man. María’s beliefs Devout Catholic: Lunas were led to their valley by a priest (29). The church is the center of the community. Life destroy a boy’s innocence, the purity given by God (30-1).

Tres : 

Tres Is Ultima a witch? On the way to church, the townspeople whisper about her, but she ignores them (33). Ultima tells Tony, “If a person really wants to know, then he will listen and see and be patient. Knowledge comes slowly-” (34).

Tres : 

Tres Loss of innocence (archetype) Tony meets the other little boys of the town: Ernie, Horse, Bones, Samuel, the Vitamin Kid, Abel, Florence, and Lloyd (35-38).

Tres : 

Tres Read p. 30-34; 35-38 Reader’s Theater Kid posters with a quotation Example: The morning after Lupito’s death, when Gabriel arrives home, we know Antonio is reminded of Satan because he says, “The smell of gunpowder was on his clothes. They say the Devil smells of sulfur” (31).

Tres : 

Tres Example: After Horse tells Florence he is going to hell, Bones says, “Los vatos de Los Jaros are tough!” (37) Example: After Bones says that people from Los Jaros are tough, Horse says, “Come on Florence, let’s wrestle” (37). Example: After Samuel finishes telling his story, the Vitamin Kid says, “I’ll race you! I’ll race you!” (36)

Tres : 

Tres Non-example: Before Antonio beat him he challenged Florence to see who spit farther “Horse cleared his throat and let fly a frog Then Florence cleared his throat and spit a wad that beat Horse” then Horse said he beat me? Abel says yes, “Horse says! “B-------! (36) Fixed: Before Horse is flipped by Antonio, Horse challenges Florence to see who can spit farther. When Florence beats him, Horse says, “B-------!” (36)

Tres : 

Tres Non-example: After Tony stops talking about Florence, Ernie’s still talking, and says, “-And there were brains and blood all over the damned place. On the table, on the floor, even on the ceiling, and his eyes were open as he fell, and before he hit the floor Lupito was out the door-” (pg. 36) Fixed: After Tony describes Florence as a “golden angel,” we hear Ernie still talking about the murder. He’s saying, “-And there were brains and blood all over the damned place” (36).

Cuatro y Cinco : 

Cuatro y Cinco Rio Pecos What does the river symbolize? Tony asks Ultima about it (41-2). Tony mentions the river again when he speaks of the witches (50). More

Cuatro y Cinco : 

Cuatro y Cinco Will Tony become a priest? When Tony tells the story of how the Virgen de Guadalupe appeared in Mexico, he states, “Although there were many other saints, I loved none as dearly as the Virgin” (43-4) . Tony tells the difference between God, who is wrathful, and the Virgin, who is loving (44). Dream #3 Tony meets the Virgin (45).

Cuatro y Cinco : 

Cuatro y Cinco Family Tony’s family visits the Lunas to help with the autumn harvest (43, 47-50) Gabriel remains at home (48). Tony’s grandfather says that the war “is against the will of God” (49). Will Tony become a priest? Tony’s Uncle Juan believes he will become a priest, (49).

Cuatro y Cinco : 

Cuatro y Cinco Ultima’s Owl What does the owl symbolize? Rio Pecos What does the river symbolize? Tony tells us he is aware of witches dancing with the devil across the river, but the owl helps him fall asleep (50).

Cuatro y Cinco : 

Cuatro y Cinco Read bottom of p. 49-50 The most important thing about these two chapters… [learn to write a paragraph]

Seis : 

Seis Gabriel’s desires He wants freedom. He wants to give up and move to California: He argues with his wife (51-4). He wants to set Tony free. María’s desires She wants to remain near her family and wants Tony to get a good education. She wants to protect Tony from the world.

Seis : 

Seis Will Tony become a priest? He talks about the time he didn’t make the sign of the cross (55). Ultima says “sadly,” in response to María’s begging her to reveal Tony’s destiny, “He will be a man of learning” (56). Tony’s first day at school (56-9). Loss of innocence: The archetype of ethnocentrism and la tristesa de la vida, the sadness of life (58-9)

Seis : 

Seis Ultima’s owl gives Tony comfort on his way to school (56).

Seis : 

Seis Anaya has come under fire for not seeming more critical of the “white world” and its prejudice in Bless Me, Ultima. Anaya responds, “…if the literature is only one of defiance to the white world, or a literature that only has an impetus or force as long as that white model exists, then there is a danger, because we cannot define ourselves… We have to come out of our own experience, our own tradition, culture, roots, our own sense of language, of story, and deal with that and to hell with the white world… We are who we create” (Bruce-Novoa, 194).

Siete 7 y Ocho 8 : 

Siete 7 y Ocho 8 Dream #4 In the dream Tony describes his brothers as “dying” even though he already knows the war is over and they are coming home (61).

While the return of Tony’s three brothers from war is an overwhelming relief, it is not a triumph. They clearly feel alienated from the family and cannot relate what has happened to them during the years of war. Without being about to tell about what has happened to them, they will never be fully united with their family. They seem to have talked together about their reluctance to fulfill Gabriel's dream of moving to California. Gabriel and María seem oblivious to their sons' discomfort and alienation. Antonio, on the other hand, seems to recognize that the three brothers are still lost. His dream leaves him feeling deep sorrow even though it means his brothers are returning home. : 

While the return of Tony’s three brothers from war is an overwhelming relief, it is not a triumph. They clearly feel alienated from the family and cannot relate what has happened to them during the years of war. Without being about to tell about what has happened to them, they will never be fully united with their family. They seem to have talked together about their reluctance to fulfill Gabriel's dream of moving to California. Gabriel and María seem oblivious to their sons' discomfort and alienation. Antonio, on the other hand, seems to recognize that the three brothers are still lost. His dream leaves him feeling deep sorrow even though it means his brothers are returning home.

Siete 7 y Ocho 8 : 

Siete 7 y Ocho 8 Family Tony is the first to greet his three older brothers (62). What’s wrong with Tony’s brothers? Gabriel now sees his California dream coming true (63), but his sons passively resist. The narrator says, “They were like lost men who went and came and said nothing” (65-6). Tony says they were like “giants” before, and now they’re “like wild bulls” (69).

Nueve 9 : 

Nueve 9 Dream #5 Loss of innocence (archetype) as Tony dreams about his brothers visiting Rosie’s (70-1). Spring comes and it seems as though the same sap the stirs in the trees begins "to churn through Antonio's brothers." He understands now why the blood of spring is called "bad blood." It raises wild urges and reveals hidden desires.

Antonio's brothers have spent the winter sleeping during the day and in town during the nights. The family recognizes they have war-sickness. León sometimes howls at night and cries like an animal.  Antonio's brothers say they will never go with Gabriel to California. They just want to go to Rosie's place to acquire: "money, booze, and women. Tony makes the sign of the cross just as he had done in his dream, blessing his brothers. Antonio knows his brothers will be lost to him forever. Nueve 9

Nueve 9 : 

Nueve 9 Antonio wonders about the meaning of innocence and understanding and their relationship to one another. If he understands, and becomes a man, he loses innocence, but he cannot receive his first communion without understanding. in Antonio’s Mother, María's mind, he can be saved from the loss of innocence by becoming a priest.

Nueve 9 : 

Nueve 9 Andrew tells Tony that when he was exposed to the horrors of war, he became a man and lost his dreams. Antonio does not want to gain understanding if it means losing his dreams. Ultima tells him that in the land he is innocent. There, gaining understanding does not equate with losing his innocence. This question will stay with Antonio throughout the novel.

Nueve 9 : 

Nueve 9 The legend of the golden carp (79-81) Archetype of the forbidden fruit (80) “I do not fish for the carp,” Tony tells Samuel. “It is bad luck” (79). Will Tony become a priest? After the story Tony’s belief system is confused; he wonders, “If the golden carp was a god, who was the man on the cross? The Virgin? Was my mother praying to the wrong God?” (81) More

Nueve 9 : 

Along with the powers of Ultima & the presence of the River, the Golden Carp is the third magical element in BMU. It is a myth related to the Aztec culture which features 5 suns. The Aztec calendar reveals Atonatiuh, the sun of water. Atonatiuh is the 4th epoch at the end of which everything on earth was killed by a great flood. The gods changed people into fishes because of disobedience, although for some, this saved them from the flood. Because of this myth, it is bad luck to catch or eat carp. Antonio who is Roman Catholic, is upset by the story. He cannot reject the golden carp because he feels drawn to believe it, but in accepting it, he has to reject Catholicism. Nueve 9

Diez 10 : 

Diez 10 Ultima brings Tony to help cure Uncle Lucas. He says, “It was truly the work of a Bruja that was slowly killing my uncle!” (84) Tenorio makes the sign of the cross when he sees Ultima (93).

Diez 10 : 

Diez 10 Ultima tells Tony he does not need to be afraid, that “The smallest bit of good can stand against all the powers of evil in the world and it will emerge triumphant” (98). Ultima’s owl attacks coyotes outside Uncle Lucas’s house

Diez 10 : 

Diez 10 The belief in the diagnosis that Uncle Lucas has been cursed by a Brujas is supported by evidence. The evidence is that doctors have not been able to cure him and the priest has not been able to exorcise him. The proof that the rancher did not kill a woman, but killed a witch in the disguise of a coyote is in the fact that he shot it/her with a bullet on which he had carved the sign of the cross. As with any system of thought, the folk belief in witches colluding with the devil and casting curses on innocent victims is also supported by a tradition of evidence.

In Lucas' case, the folk belief system operates out of a belief in the power of Christianity, a belief in European-based medicine, and in the power of Curandismo. These 3 systems of power often compete with one another when a particularly tough case like Lucas' presents itself. This healing represents a very important part of Antonio's education in Curandismo. The cure is conducted with several forms of magic, but the most important is sympathetic magic. Antonio is used as a sympathetic agent to cure Lucas. The clay dolls are used as sympathetic agents to turn the curse back to the Trementina sisters. Antonio experiences the cure along with Lucas. Since he is innocent as a child, he can expel the evil curse more easily than Lucas can. : 

In Lucas' case, the folk belief system operates out of a belief in the power of Christianity, a belief in European-based medicine, and in the power of Curandismo. These 3 systems of power often compete with one another when a particularly tough case like Lucas' presents itself. This healing represents a very important part of Antonio's education in Curandismo. The cure is conducted with several forms of magic, but the most important is sympathetic magic. Antonio is used as a sympathetic agent to cure Lucas. The clay dolls are used as sympathetic agents to turn the curse back to the Trementina sisters. Antonio experiences the cure along with Lucas. Since he is innocent as a child, he can expel the evil curse more easily than Lucas can. Diez 10

Antonio has complete trust in Ultima and never fears for his life. Ultima uses dolls are made from earth. Wax is applied to imitate the color of skin. They are dressed in clothing Ultima might have somehow gotten from the sisters. When Lucas breathes on them, they actually squirm. It is one of the most clearly magical elements in the novel because inanimate objects move. They are pricked with a pin that is dipped in the same medicine that Lucas is given. Ultima has proved that her power is stronger than the power of the church and the medical doctors. Once again, Ultima is treated as a revered saint, while at the same time she is suspected as a witch. : 

Antonio has complete trust in Ultima and never fears for his life. Ultima uses dolls are made from earth. Wax is applied to imitate the color of skin. They are dressed in clothing Ultima might have somehow gotten from the sisters. When Lucas breathes on them, they actually squirm. It is one of the most clearly magical elements in the novel because inanimate objects move. They are pricked with a pin that is dipped in the same medicine that Lucas is given. Ultima has proved that her power is stronger than the power of the church and the medical doctors. Once again, Ultima is treated as a revered saint, while at the same time she is suspected as a witch. Diez 10

Once 11 : 

Once 11 Cico agrees to take Tony and show him the golden carp, but only if he agrees never to catch carp. On their way they pass the house of Narciso, and Tony marvels at the beautiful garden there. Cico and Antonio sit by a large pond waiting for the golden carp to appear. When it does, Tony is amazed by its size and beauty.

Once 11 : 

Once 11 Tony wonders how he can believe in the Golden Carp and in the Catholic God. Archetype of the forbidden fruit and of the story of La Llorona. More

Once 11 : 

Once 11 Tony feels that the carp is a pagan god. Cico tells Tony that the golden carp swims back up to the lakes of the Mermaid, the Hidden Lakes, which have a mysterious power. Tony must never to go there, because it is dangerous. Cico also tells Tony that the golden carp will one day rule the land. This is because the sins of the people will become so great that the town will collapse and be swallowed by water. (Although the Catholic Christianity story of Noah & the great flood is different from the pagan myth, they do both make use of the concept of sin and Gods punishing man for his sins.) * The other kids now believe that Ultima is a Witch (Bruja)

Once 11 : 

Once 11 Dream #6 Marìa, Gabriel, and Ultima all appear in Tony’s dream about a great lake and the destruction of the village. At night Tony has a dream about the baptismal waters of Christianity (associated with the moon) and the natural waters of the sea, which belong to the pagan world.

Once 11 : 

Once 11 Dream #6 His dream, shows how much his mind is troubled by what he feels are contradictions in the belief systems he is being presented with-Catholic Christianity on the one hand, and a radically different kind of pagan myth-based religion on the other. He does not know which he belongs to, and his parents are in dispute over it. There is a storm and he fears that the doom of the great flood that Chico predicted is about to happen. Tony feels responsible for warning the town that their sins will result in all of the residents drowning. Then Ultima stills the storm and explains that there is no conflict between the two kinds of waters. Everything is interconnected as one.

Once 11 : 

Once 11 Will Tony become a priest? When Tony asks Ultima what to believe, she answers, “Antonio… I cannot tell you what to believe. Your father and your mother can tell you, because you are their blood, but I cannot. As you grow into manhood you must find your own truths-” More

Doce 12 : 

Doce 12 One day in late summer Narciso bursts into the Márez family home. He has come to warn Ultima that Tenorio's daughter has died and that Tenorio blames Ultima and is coming to kill her. Tenorio is calling her a witch. Tony's mother says they must all flee, but Ultima says they should not run from the truth.

Doce 12 : 

Doce 12 Several men carrying torches surround the house. Tenorio appears, but Gabriel, Antonio's father, stands his ground and pushes Tenorio away. The other men still advance, saying they have proof that Ultima's curse killed Tenorio's daughter. Narciso intervenes, telling the men that they are shaming their good names by acting in this way and associating with Tenorio. Narciso acknowledges they have a right to charge someone with witchcraft, and says there is a very simple test to discover whether the charges are true.

Doce 12 : 

Doce 12 He takes needles from the lip of one of the men (who has placed them there to protect him against a curse). He establishes that they are "holy needles," blessed by a priest. Then he pins them to the door in the form of a cross. A witch will not be able to walk past them. The men agree to abide by the test. As Ultima comes forward and Tenorio directly accuses her of being a witch, Ultima's owl swoops down on Tenorio and plucks out one of his eyes. Ultima steps past the door. She has passed the test. Tenorio curses her and says he will see her dead. He also vows to kill Narciso. Family: Gabriel laments the natureof his own blood, and admits that it mightbe better for Tony if he is in fact a Luna (123). The archetype of modernization: The fate of the vaqueros (125)

Doce 12 : 

Doce 12 Is Ultima a witch? Ultima gives Tony charms to protect him from Tenorio’s evil (123-4). Ultima passes Tenorio’s test, but only when her owl distracts the onlookers (134).

Trece 13 : 

Trece 13 Family: Tony and his family return for the Lunas’ harvest in the fall of 1945. This time, Gabriel comes along too (136). Uncle Juan asks Marìa and Gabriel if Tony can spend next summer (1946) learning their ways (142).

Trece 13 : 

Trece 13 Is Ultima a witch? Tenorio’s daughter is denied funeral mass, which is akin to excommunication from the Catholic church (136, 141). Dream #7 Tony sees Ultima’s face in a witch’s coffin (140).

Trece 13 : 

Trece 13 Will Tony become a priest? When thinking about God’s inability to forgive Tenorio, Tony says, “Perhaps that is why God could not forgive; he was too much like man” (138).

Catorce 14 : 

Catorce 14 Loss of innocence (archetype) Tony must decide if he will defend himself against his classmates, who spout off rumors about Ultima and Andrew (145-6). Ultima warns Tony, “Take care of the evil in the wind” (149). Samuel tells Tony about a fight between Narciso and Tenorio at the bar, saying, “…the blood of a man thickens with the desire for revenge, and if a man is to be complete again then he must let some of that thick blood flow” (150).

Catorce 14 : 

Catorce 14 Loss of innocence (archetype) Tony’s classmates continue to use foul language (151-9). After witnessing a nasty fight between Narciso and Tenorio, Tony follows Narciso in search of Andrew (160-5). After finding Andrew, Tony is crushed. He thinks, “Had I already lost my innocence?... How had I sinned?” (165)

Catorce 14 : 

Catorce 14 Loss of innocence (archetype) Tony continues to follow Narciso, thinking to himself, “I had somehow lost my innocence and let sin enter into my soul, and the knowledge of God, the saving grace, was far away” (167).

Catorce 14 : 

Catorce 14 Dream #8 The dream begins with Tony begging a wrathful, cruel God for mercy, but he is forsaken, his hands “bloodied” (172-4). The devil-worshipers kill everyone Tony cares about, but the golden carp returns and brings rebirth (174-6).

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 : 

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 Antonio is recovering from a pneumonia. He finds out that his father found Narciso's body and went to the sheriff to accuse Tenorio, but to no avail. The people of the town dismissed his death as caused by his alcoholism. Antonio remembers Narciso as a man who had "the magic of growth." Narciso's garden dries up soon after he dies.

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 : 

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 Andrew feels guilty about not helping Narciso And Antonio asks Ultima if he betrayed Andrew’s Secret about Rosie's in his delirium and she says he did not. Leon & Eugene arrive home in a police car because they crashed their car and in order to avoid freezing, they had to burn parts of it. The police saw the fire and rescued them.

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 : 

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 Tony learns from Ultima about Narciso as a young husband whose wife was killed by the diphtheria epidemic. Ultima had struggled to save her and since then Narciso had been loyal to her. Antonio’s mother prepares him for his first communion. She tells him he That he will "hold God in his mouth, in your body, in your soul--you will speak to Him and He will answer--.” Antonio asks, "Then I will have knowledge of God?” She answers “yes” and tells him to that to succeed as a priest he must learn the English language.

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 : 

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 Gabriel tells his sons, León, Andrew & Eugene that the line of the windmill has come loose an he will have to go outside in the ice storm to fix it. The sons let him do this dangerous job alone. The next day they leave while he is still at work. Andrew goes with them. Antonio learns in this chapter that his older brothers will forever be vague memories to him and distant strangers on rare visits.

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 : 

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 After Christmas holiday, Antonio returns to school. He sees Cico who tells him they will go to see the golden carp in the summer as to get instructions of what to do about Narciso’s death which, has clearly changed Antonio’s outlook on life. Antonio tries to find an answer to the injustice of Narciso's death and Tenorio's continued life. He tries to reconcile this injustice with his notions of God and punishment. He wonders if God is at all interested in justice. He prays to the Virgin, hoping that she will listens and imagines she turns into God.

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 : 

Quince y Dieciséis 15 & 16 One day Antonio meets Tenorio. He curses Antonio, calling him bad names. Antonio shouts back, "Jesús, María y José!" He crosses his thumb over his first finger and holds it up before Tenorio. Tenorio tells him his daughter is dying and vows to destroy Ultima who he deems responsible. Antonio exclaims that he will not let Tenorio hurt Ultima. Tenorio tells Antonio that his curse is that he knows too much. Later, Ultima tells Antonio that there can be no forgiveness for Tenorio. Antonio sort of acts as a mediator between Tenorio and Ultima. Tenorio knows that Ultima's cure of Lucas has turned the curse back on his daughters the Trementina sisters. He cannot accept the fact that his daughters started the chain of events, he can only blame Ultima.

Diecisiete 17 : 

Diecisiete 17 Man’s destruction of the natural world Tony finds out about atomic testing at White Sands, New Mexico, and about the destruction of the llano by modern machinery (190-2). Gabriel, his father, explains that the winds are the voice of the llano and that they tell its history. The vaqueros saw the rich rancheros sucking the earth dry with deep wells and overgrazing. The winds says the people have used the earth too much. He tells Antonio, "A wise man listens to the voice of the earth because the weather the winds bring will be his salvation or his destruction. Like a young tree bends with the wind, so a man must bow to the earth." He adds " it is not manly to blame our mistakes on the bomb. It is we who misuse the earth and must pay for our sins."

Diecisiete 17 : 

Diecisiete 17 While in church, Tony wonders, “Why does evil go unpunished?” Tony explains to Florence, who is an atheist, how sin works (192). Then Tony’s classmates argue about religion, and it frustrates Tony so much that he wonders, “Were the fish of the golden carp happier than we were? Was the golden carp a better God?” The priest is frightening and tortures Florence for being late . Florence is a sort of Christ figure of the chapter, an odd sort of irony since he is an atheist. Anaya criticizes Catholic rituals such as Catechism to show the church’s hypocrisy when it comes to doctrines about human kindness and understanding.

Dieciocho y Diecinueve 18 & 19 : 

Dieciocho y Diecinueve 18 & 19 On Ash Wednesday, Samuel tells Florence the Atheist that he will learn of the Golden Carp in the summer. On the way to Catechism, Tony again asks Florence to participate, and again Florence frustrates him with difficult theological questions. The boys then go to attend the ritual of the Stations of the Cross. While in Church,Tony reflects, “School work was dull and uninspiring compared to the mysteries of religion,” and he admits he fears eternal damnation. The smell of burning  incense in the church and staring at a flickering candle  causes Horse to vomit. The children get through the last week of Catechism. It is the hardest because they get depressed with the fasting and the strict penance.

Dieciocho y Diecinueve 18 & 19 : 

Dieciocho y Diecinueve 18 & 19 Tony plays the role of priest with his friends, and not only do they compete to see who has the “worst” sin, they expect Tony to punish rather than forgive (208-15). Tony’s first real confession seems forgettable by comparison (216). The children try to make Florence confess and Antonio is frightened to discover that Florence really believes he is without sin.

Dieciocho y Diecinueve 18 & 19 : 

Dieciocho y Diecinueve 18 & 19 Tony’s first communion is dominated by the foolishness of the other kids. As it’s about to end, Tony says, “I called again to the God that was within me, but there was no answer. Only emptiness” (217-21). The Catholic doctrine holds that during every communion a miracle occurs and the communion bread (wafer) Literally becomes Christ’s flesh and the wine becomes Christ’s blood. At the Last Supper, Christ instructed his apostles to eat the bread and drink the wine in memory of Him. The Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist (holy communion) follows these instructions.

Veinte y Veintiuno 20 & 21 : 

Veinte y Veintiuno 20 & 21 As the novel comes to a close, tells Tony that his destiny shouldn’t be fought over but should let itself unfold like a flower. She thus answers the central concern of the novel with an organic metaphor of growth and transformation. Antonio need not worry over his future. He needs only to exist like flower does and he will find his proper direction. Ultima decides to help cure an ancient curse put on Téllez’s family at Agua Negra ranch. Once again, she interferes with the curse of Tenorio. She even mentions her death in this chapter when she tells Gabriel she would like her body to be cremated in the Indian way instead of being buried. Ultima’s burial of the Indians indicates that she respects them and their ways. Her heritage comes from both the Mexicans and the Indians. This chapter ends on the puzzling image of Antonio’s dream. He performs the sacrifice of his brother's livers by throwing them into the river of the carp. The text only says that in this way he is saving them from wandering aimlessly. Here he acts as a priest of the river.

Veinte y Veintiuno 20 & 21 : 

Veinte y Veintiuno 20 & 21 Antonio & Cico realize it’s time for the arrival of the golden carp. Cico tells Tony that the others would kill the golden carp if they found out about him, because “The god of the church is a jealous god; he cannot live in peace with other gods”Antonio knows Florence will accept the golden carp because the golden carp is a god that doesn’t punish, but just brings beauty into life. As they make their way back, they see Horse and the others shouting for them. Florence had dove in the water and hit his head on the bottom. Wire clung to one of his arms as Florence’s lifeless body rose to the surface.

Veinte y Veintiuno 20 & 21 : 

Veinte y Veintiuno 20 & 21 Tony prays the Act of Final Contrition for Florence but he knows it’s no good since Florence had never believed. The life guards arrive and begin trying to resuscitate Florence. Antonio looks up and sees two hawks circling overhead as they ride the warm air currents. Perhaps the mystery of death happens no matter what god one believes in.

Veintidos 22 : 

Veintidos 22 Dream #10 Tony is visited by Lupito, Narciso and Florence. “Everything I believed in was destroyed” The sadness of life: When Tony is about to leave for the summer, Ultima tells him, “Life is filled with sadness when a boy grows to be a man… Be prepared to see things changed when you return”

Veintidos 22 : 

Veintidos 22 Will Tony become a priest? Tony asks his father why there is so much evil in the world (248). “Would they smile when they learned that I doubted the God of my forefathers, the God of the Lunas, and knew I praised the beauty of the golden carp?” (257) Is Ultima a witch? Tenorio’s second daughter dies, and Tony tries to reach Ultima before he does (253-62)

Veintidos 22 : 

Veintidos 22 Tenorio emerges from hiding outside of Antonio’s home. He hears Ultima call out “Espiritu de mi alma!” (Spirit of my soul) and the owl suddenly flies to Tenorio and startles him. Tenorio curses and fires his rifle. The next thing Antonio knows, he sees Tenorio by the light of his uncle Pedro’s headlights holding up Ultima’s dead owl. Then Tenorio aims his gun at Antonio’s head and Antonio hears a shot. Uncle Pedro holds a pistol in his hand and Tenorio falls dead to the ground. Antonio goes inside to ask Ultima for a blessing.

Slide 76: 

“She says, Always have the strength to live. Love life, and if despair enters your heart, look for me in the evenings when the wind is gentle and the owls sing in the hills. I shall be with you” Ultima imagines that instead of dying, she is simply moving to a different sphere. This comforting image of death is neither in line with nor in direct contraction to Antonio’s other belief systems. She will be absorbed into the spirit of the land and will be present there when she is needed. Antonio faces his future when he stands on the hill overlooking the llano and the town. He seems assured in his ability to face it with sureness. “Sometime in the future I would have to build my own dream out of those things that were so much a part of my childhood”

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