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GRADINGSlide 3: GRADING AN ASSESSMENT TOOL FOR STUDENT’S PERFORMANCEPerformance Assessment Tools: Performance Assessment Tools MARKS GRADESDISTORTIONS IN ASSESSMENT : DISTORTIONS IN ASSESSMENT Due To... Subjectivity of the Examiner Use of fine scale for raw assessmentADVANTAGES OF GRADING: ADVANTAGES OF GRADING Reducing subjectivity Raw assessment on a raw scale Improving quality of assessmentTYPES OF GRADING: TYPES OF GRADING Direct Grading Indirect GradingDIRECT GRADING: DIRECT GRADING Each answer is graded with letters Grade letters are A, B, C, D and EINDIRECT GRADING: INDIRECT GRADING Two types of indirect grading… Absolute Grading: Marks awarded on a 101 point scale are converted to a 5/7/9 point scale Relative grading: The scores awarded are normalized for proper distribution on the basis of pre-fixed patternINDIRECT GRADING: ABSOLUTE: INDIRECT GRADING: ABSOLUTE Marks awarded are classified into different grades Lead to distortions who score close to the marginsINDIRECT GRADING: RELATIVE: INDIRECT GRADING: RELATIVE Performance of students is compared with that of his peers Graded to ensure normal distribution in performance assessment A pre-fixed pattern may not represent the actual academic and intellectual abilityADVANTAGES OF DIRECT GRADING: ADVANTAGES OF DIRECT GRADING Simplifies the process of assessment Makes a raw assessment on a raw scale Uses a uniform scale for the assessment of quality Separates assessment of quality and rangeMECHANICS OF DIRECT GRADING: MECHANICS OF DIRECT GRADING Assessment of quality on a five point scale for each question Assigning weightage depending on the nature of the question Calculation of weighted average Certification on a seven point scalePROCESS OF DIRECT GRADING (1): PROCESS OF DIRECT GRADING (1) Each answer is graded with letters Weightage is then given based on the range of the question Grades and weightages are assigned numerical values The weighted grade points arrived by multiplying grade points by weightagePROCESS OF DIRECT GRADING (2 ): PROCESS OF DIRECT GRADING (2 ) Sum of weighted grade points is divided by the sum of the weightage to arrive Grade Point Average (GPA) for the course Combining grades of different courses gives Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of an entire programmeLETTER GRADES AND GRADE POINTS: LETTER GRADES AND GRADE POINTS LETTER GRADES GRADE POINTS A 4 B 3 C 2 D 1 E 0GRADES AND GRADE POINTS (5 point scale): GRADES AND GRADE POINTS (5 point scale) Grade Grade Points Grade Range A 4 3.5 to 4 B 3 2.5 to 3.49 C 2 1.5 to 2.49 D 1 0.5 to 1.49 E 0 < 0.5WEIGHTAGE: WEIGHTAGE Essays / Long answer questions : 4 Short essays / Problems : 2 Short answer questions : 1 B unch of 4 Objective type questions : 1 Weightage can also vary from component to component within a subject (Theory/Practical) OR Internal/External) OR subject to subject (Core/Complementary)CALCULATION OF WEIGHTED AVERAGE The weighted grade points of an answer = Grade Points × Weightage: CALCULATION OF WEIGHTED AVERAGE The weighted grade points of an answer = Grade Points × Weightage Type of Question Grade awarded Grade point Weightage Weighted grade points Essay A 4 4 16 Short essay B 3 2 6 Short answer A 4 1 4 Objective type A 4 1 4ARITHMETIC OF GRADING: Objective type (Example): ARITHMETIC OF GRADING: Objective type (Example) Type of questions Qn. Nos Grade awarded Grade points Weightage Weighted grade points Objective 1-4 B 3 1 3 5-8 A 4 1 4 9-12 A 4 1 4 13-16 C 2 1 2ARITHMETIC OF GRADING: Short Questions (Example): ARITHMETIC OF GRADING: Short Questions (Example) Type of question Qn. Nos Grade awarded Grade points Weightage Weighted grade points Short Answer 17 C 2 1 2 18 B 3 1 3 19 A 4 1 4 20 D 1 1 1 21 A 4 1 4ARITHMETIC OF GRADING: Short Essay (Example): ARITHMETIC OF GRADING: Short Essay (Example) Type of question Qn. Nos Grade awarded Grade points Weightage Weighted grade points Short Essay 22 B 3 2 6 23 E 0 2 0 24 B 3 2 6 25 A 4 2 8ARITHMETIC OF GRADING: Long Essay (Example): ARITHMETIC OF GRADING: Long Essay (Example) Type of question Qn. Nos Grade awarded Grade points Weightage Weighted grade points Long Essay 26 B 3 4 12 27 D 1 4 4Calculation of Overall Grade of a model answer paper: Calculation of Overall Grade of a model answer paper Type of questions Qn. Nos Grade awarded Grade points Weightage Weighted grade points Objective 1-4 B 3 1 3 5-8 A 4 1 4 9-12 A 4 1 4 13-16 C 2 1 2 Short Answer 17 C 2 1 2 18 B 3 1 3 19 A 4 1 4 20 D 1 1 1 21 A 4 1 4 Short essay 22 B 3 2 6 23 E 0 2 0 24 B 3 2 6 25 A 4 2 8 Long essay 26 B 3 4 12 27 D 1 4 4 Total 25 63 Calculation : Overall grade of an answer paper = Sum of weighted grade points ÷ Sum of the weightage = 63 ÷ 25= 2.52= Grade BCALCULATING OVERALL GRADE OF A COURSE (Theory): CALCULATING OVERALL GRADE OF A COURSE (Theory)CALCULATING OVERALL GRADE OF A COURSE: CALCULATING OVERALL GRADE OF A COURSESEVEN POINT SCALE FOR CERTIFICATION : SEVEN POINT SCALE FOR CERTIFICATION Grade Grade range A + 3.8 to 4 A 3.5 to 3.79 B + 3 to 3.49 B 2.5 to 2.99 C + 2to 2.49 C 1.5 to 1.99 D .5 to 1.49MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS: MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS Minimum of D grade is required in all courses C+ above is required for awarding degree certificateSlide 29: Thank You You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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