Firefighter Survival Powerpoint

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. Surviving the worst day of your life, so that we can all go home… https :// youtu.be/JpJjl_R-98M

Our worst nightmare (click the link below):

Our worst nightmare (click the link below) https ://youtu.be/VZPf7bFhBug

To survive have the right mindset, confidence is the key!:

To survive have the right mindset, confidence is the key! You have been trained on what to do. You are ready for whatever it takes to overcome. You will survive. It’s not your day! This is a battle and you must fight for your life. The key to survival is remaining calm. Think of all of your reasons to fight .

When to call a “MAYDAY”:

When to call a “ MAYDAY ” Separation from Crew or Lost SCBA Malfunction or Low air without time for egress. An injury to you or a team member or onw of you becomes d isabled You or a team member becomes entrapped or pinned. After 30 seconds of trying to mitigate any condition that could cause the loss of your life.

Separated from Crew or Lost:

Separated from Crew or Lost Loss of contact with hose line, lifeline or your partner. Find a wall, window, or doorway and stay put if possible. Use caution opening doors or windows, if you cannot immediately exit, because it may increase the intensity of the fire. Use a tool to knock or beat on walls, floors, and doors that are solid to assist others in finding you.

Malfunction of SCBA or Low on Air:

Malfunction of SCBA or Low on Air Either of these and you are unable to reach a exit safely. Attempt to use your bypass valve for possible regulator malfunctions . If you are low on air atte mpt to use the technique Reilly-Emergency Breathing (R-EBT). Skip Breathing has been taught for years but there is no proof it actually decreases air consumption.

Reilly-Emergency Breathing (R-EBT):

Reilly-Emergency Breathing (R-EBT) Inhale as you normally would. While exhaling, “hum” your breath out in a slow, consistent manner. The hum is low and usually cannot be heard over the low-air alarm. In situations where you need to disentangle your SCBA or rapidly move around obstacles, it may be difficult to continuously hum after each breath. Breathe as you normally would and intermittently use the R-EBT. The more you use the R-EBT, the more it will increase your survival time . Your air consumption will improve as much as 32%.

Reilly-Emergency Breathing (R-EBT):

Reilly-Emergency Breathing (R-EBT) https :// youtu.be/BvEZDttqNNI

You or a team member becomes Injured or Disabled :

You or a team member becomes Injured or Disabled Injury or physical condition that makes you incapable of reaching exit

Entangled, trapped, or pinned :

Entangled, trapped, or pinned Your means of egress or escape has been compromised due to structural collapse, debris, and/or inoperable/blocked doors/exits. The biggest thing here is to Stop, Think, and Control your breathing. Anxiety causes increased heart rate and respirations. In an entanglement episode the more you move the more entangled you will become.

After 30 Seconds the condition is not resolved. :

After 30 Seconds the condition is not resolved . In each of the previous listed problems , you have 30 seconds to find an exit or fix the SCBA prior to calling a Mayday . The firefighter must stay focused on self-rescue.

Get out before it is too late:

Get out before it is too late Once the decision to abandon the aircraft is taken, the only action required is to fire the seat by pulling the seat-firing handle. This does not take more than a second or two, yet Air Forces the world over have lost pilots, experienced and rookie, because they waited too long to eject. The human factors  involved in such delays are several. The same are discussed here briefly. (a) Fear of the unknown. (b) Fear of victimisation or ridicule. (c) Past success with or without recognition.   (d) Saving the civilian population.   (e) Professional Pride.   (f) Communication in multi-seat aircraft. (g) Pre-ejection drill.

Steps for Self-Survival:

Steps for Self-Survival Step 1 – Check Air ( Chest Harness Gauge ) Step 2 – Declare a Mayday. Step 3 – Activate PASS, PASS Light Visible Step 4 – Conserve Air, Control Breathing Step 5 – Stay Low ( Find Cool Air Near the Floor ) Step 6 – Shine Flashlight at 45 Degree Angle Step 7 – Make Noise Step 8 – Find an Exit Step 9 – Protect Airway

LUNAR Report:

LUNAR Report L- Location- Floor, Room Type (Kitchen, closet, bath, bedroom, attic, basement) U-Unit - Your unit number or designation. N- Name - Your name and rank A- Assignment/Air - What were you assigned to do? How much air do you have left. R- Resources - Resources needed

Location:

Location Your last known location. Floor you were on. Try to establish what side of the building you are closest to A, B, C, or D. What side you entered from.

Unit:

Unit What apparatus are you assigned to. It gives command a quick, idea about the part of the fireground you were last assigned. Command can also use information from your company officer and other crewmembers, who may have made their way out of the structure.

Name:

Name It allows command to cross-reference it with the accountability system or whatever system you may use by name. Also very useful if there is more than one missing member or if there’s another member who command didn’t know was missing

Assignment/Air:

Assignment/Air What were you assigned to do? Fire Attack Rescue Ventilation Air Pretty simple how much you have left and do you have problems with your SCBA.

Resources Needed:

Resources Needed What equipment and resources do I need to get myself out of this situation? It may be as simple as a ladder placed on Side B. Wire Cutting tools. Electric Chainsaws Rope Rescue Supplies Give the RIT an idea.

HELP Report similar to LUNAR:

HELP Report similar to LUNAR H – “Handle” – Radio term for name or call number. Name of distressed firefighter with rank. E – “Equipment” - Assignment, or resource name . Apparatus you responded on or Division or Group Assigned to. L – “Location” - Identify where you are located . Floor, Room Type (Kitchen, closet, bath, bedroom, attic, basement) P – “Problem” – State problem (lost, low air , etc .)

GRAB-LIVES:

GRAB-LIVES G auge R adio A ctivate B reathing L ow I lluminate V olume E xit S hield Airway

GRAB LIVES:

GRAB LIVES Using remote gauge Consider HUD All fireground units switch to a different frequency except for trapped firefighter, RIT, and Division Officer assigned to Rescue. Know your frequencies Battery life LUNAR / HELP REPORT Options on Failure of Radio Gauge Radio

GRAB LIVES:

GRAB LIVES Activate Your PASS device. Press the “On” button. Do not wait for the motion sensory to activate. Breathing Try to remain calm. Be still. Focus on the R-EBT breathing technique.

GRAB LIVES:

GRAB LIVES Low Stay low for Less heat Better visibility Room orientation Illuminate Direct light at a 45 degree angle. Turn on the flashing or strobe option if equipped Use m ultiple lights in multiple directions.

GRAB LIVES:

GRAB LIVES Volume MAKE NOISE! Tool against hard, loud surface Keeps radio channel clear and attracts the attention of the RIT. Exit Window Bailout Rope Slide “Black Sunday” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7BN5hJLAg2w

Black Sunday:

Black Sunday https:// youtu.be/7BN5hJLAg2w

GRAB LIVES:

GRAB LIVES Shield Airway Protect Airway ! If you run out of air it may be possible to place a glove over the regulator opening on your mask. It will filter smoke and help some with heat. The old MSA style masks with the waist mounted regulators where great because the hose could be placed deep within your turnout coat.

Techniques for Survival:

Techniques for Survival Prevention Daily Check of your SCBA including gauge accuracy and by-pass functioning. Annual Fit testing of masks and flow testing of units as required by NIOSH. Straps are there for a reason. Use them all. Perfect practice makes perfect A bypass valve on an SCBA waist a lot of air. It is not meant to be cracked open or left on. It is to be used when you need a breath then turned off.

Techniques for Survival:

Techniques for Survival Entanglement Stope moving and fighting it. Swim Technique Attempt to place all of the wires together and cut all at once. Use s pring open cable (not wire) cutters. Every firefighter should have at least one pair and a razor knife. Attempt not to remove your SCBA but if required do a partial removal first. Newer SCBA have a Universal fill/ RIC Fitting. When connected to it will equalize the air in both cylinders. The RIT should always have a extra SCBA with them.

Techniques for Survival:

Techniques for Survival Get Out! Bumps to pumps, the male chases the fire Doors on residential structures normally swing inward away from the path of egress. On most commercial structures the door swings toward the path of egress. Check for hinge placement. Walls/ openings- Once again be cautious opening doors or windows if you are trapped due to rapid fire spread. Wall breach A firefighter without a tool is only a well informed citizen. Take turns for strong blows Use a “donkey” style kick to breach sheetrock walls.

Notice the Male Coupling has the longer rocker lugs. “Smooth, Bump, Bump”:

Notice the Male Coupling has the longer rocker lugs. “Smooth, Bump, Bump”

Techniques for Survival:

Techniques for Survival Hang and drop Head first slide Hose Slide Rope Slide Bail out kit

Reduced Profile/ Diminish opening:

Reduced Profile/ Diminish opening

Reduced Profile/ Diminish opening:

Reduced Profile/ Diminish opening Partial removal

Reduced Profile/ Diminish opening:

Reduced Profile/ Diminish opening Full removal

Reduced Profile/ Diminish opening:

Reduced Profile/ Diminish opening Full Removal

Entanglement:

Entanglement Swim/ Cut together Use tool to lift Grab together Stop forward progress Only advance when clear Teamwork

Get Out!:

Get Out! Window Hang Stay low “Hook” leg for strength Heat in window Use other arm as support Hang and drop Push off Tuck and roll Relax legs

Ladder Bail Out:

Ladder Bail Out Ladders placed for egress should be placed at a “bail out” angle. Not a proper climbing angle. Low and head first out the window. Pivot and turn on the way down.

Hose Slide:

Hose Slide Stay low Advance as much hose as possible out the window. Don’t waste time getting perfect Feet first

Rope Slide:

Rope Slide Secure rope. Angle what is used to secure it into the corner of the window. Deploy rope Wrap around you and SCBA. Under arm, around back, and under other arm Use grip to lower

Bail Out Kit:

Bail Out Kit Make your own to fit in your turnout pants pocket. 50 feet of prusik cord. Figure 8 on a bite at each end. Two Carabeiners (one on each Figure 8) 30 feet of webbing tied with a water knot.

Because they need you…:

Because they need you…

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