PROJECT REPORT : PROJECT REPORT INTRODUCTION
A project report is a written document containing complete information about the proposed project in summary form . IMPORTANCE OF PROJECT REPORT : IMPORTANCE OF PROJECT REPORT It act like a reference guide .
It is a basis for obtaining loans .
The government sanction license or certificate of registration .
It is like a controlling device .
It supplies information .
It is used as a basis by promoter to take investment decisions
It enables to evaluate the soundness of the project CONTENT OF PROJECT REPORT : CONTENT OF PROJECT REPORT Name and address of the promoter / firm .
Objective and scope of the project .
MARKET STUDY :
Project report gives the analysis of the market in respect of :
Size of the market for the proposed product .
Present demand and supply position .
Future prospects of market share .
Number of suppliers / manufacturers and extend of competition .
Availability of intermediaries – wholesalers and retailers . : 4. TECHNICAL STUDIES :
The project report should
provide details about the technology and tools needed and the sources of availability technical study coves areas like _
Technical specifications of the product to be manufactured .
Raw materials including the sources of supply . Slide 5: c) Manufacturing process .
Plant and machinery . Tools and equipment etc .
Requirement of land and building .
Location and layout of the plant . 5. FINANCIAL STUDIES :The report indicate the financial aspect as : : 5. FINANCIAL STUDIES :The report indicate the financial aspect as : Total cost of the project .
Preliminary expenses .
Source of finance- fixed and working capital .
Source of working capital .
Cost of production and profitability .
Break- even point .
Cost of fixed assets .
Special incentives ,if any .
Depreciation on fixed assets . 6. MANPOWER STUDY :The report provides data of manpower as: : 6. MANPOWER STUDY :The report provides data of manpower as: Number of skilled semi- skilled and unskilled personnel required in the production and other department .
Salary and wages structure .
Facilities for training and developments . 7.MARKETING STUDY :It includes : : 7.MARKETING STUDY :It includes : Pricing strategies .
Advertising strategies .
Sales promotion technique .
Marketing channels . PROJECT PLANNING : PROJECT PLANNING INTRODUCTION :
The terms ‘Project Planning’ and ‘Project Report’ are commonly used in the process of starting of a new business enterprise . MEANING OF PROJECT PLANNING : : MEANING OF PROJECT PLANNING : Project planning is an integral part of project management that outlines the steps or the procedure for executing the project . Like an architect’s plan , project planning ensures smooth and orderly executing of the proposed business proposal . FEAUTERS OF PROJECT PLANNING : : FEAUTERS OF PROJECT PLANNING : It is useful to small and big , private and public profit and service type of organizations .
It is done in the case of new project or expansion or modernization of existing operation .
It helps to execute the project in a systematic manner.
It is a comprehensive term .
It is the basis for the execution of the project report and covers technical , marketing , financial and managerial aspect . STEPS IN PROJECT PLANNING : STEPS IN PROJECT PLANNING Discovery of business proposal .
Primary investigation .
Technical and physical study .
Feasibility study .
Final stage . PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT : PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT PROJECT REPORT
It is a written report containing complete information about the proposed project in summary form .
2. WHO PREPARES :
It is prepared by the promoters with the help of experts . PROJECT PLANNING
it is a written document containing in detail the findings of technical , financial and marketing feasibility studies .
It is prepared by promoters or by lending institutions . PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT : PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT PROJECT REPORT
3. WHEN PREPARES :
It is prepared before feasibility report in the initial stage of project formulation .
4. BASE :
It is prepared on the basis of project planning . FEASIBILITY REPORT
It is prepared after the project report is ready .
project report is the basis for preparing feasibility report . PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT : PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT PROJECT REPORT
It is like a reference guide during the execution of project . It is a basis for obtaining loans from banks. FEASIBILITY REPORT
It is useful to find out commercial viability of the project i .e rate of success or failure of a project . Slide 19: How to make a company’s project report. INTRODUCTION :- : INTRODUCTION :- A project report is a descriptive statement which provides the required detail information about the idea generated for the investment . A preliminary project report is a statement of information related to - - - -
a) Investment , labour , and raw material requirement
b) Plant and machinery requirement .
c) Technological requirement . Slide 21: d) Profitability of the project .
e) Therefore , project report is a frame work of business requirement .
It gives information about MANAGRIAL , FINANCIAL , ECONOMIC , TECHNOLOGICAL , PROFITABLE aspect of the project . MEANING :- : MEANING :- Project report is one of the modern concept in the field of business today , before selecting or investing in any business , the entrepreneur like to know the requirement and the profit of the business . He wants to know in advance what the government policy is , etc answer to all this question are present in a report called as project report . ADVANTAGE OF PROJECT REPORT : : ADVANTAGE OF PROJECT REPORT : Detailed information about the project is collected by an entrepreneur .
The entrepreneur gets clear knowledge of all the formalities to be completed before the unit is set-up .
Preparation about obtaining the land and shed , machinery , etc . Can be started well in advance as the project report aptly points out these requirements .
The project report instills confidence in the entrepreneur . Slide 24: Even though , project report prepares the foundation of the project , it is flexible and can be changed as per the requirement .
Following are the broad heads under which the complete information on relevant aspects is included in the project report .
1. General information
2. Project description Slide 25: 3. Market potential
4. Capital costs
5. Assessment of working capital
6. Other financial aspects
7. Economic and social variables Slide 26: PREPARATION OF PROJECT REPORT PREPARATION OF PROJECT REPORT PRELIMINARY PROJCT REPORT : PREPARATION OF PROJECT REPORT PRELIMINARY PROJCT REPORT I-A- GENERAL INFORMATION :-
NAME OF THE
LOCATION P.C SHETTY
PAPER BOARD CARTOONS
URBAN AREA Slide 28: TYPE OF ORGANISATION
NAME OF THE FIRM
ADDRESS SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY
A-49 , GROUND FLOOR,
BHANDUP (W) .
MUMBAI – 400 078 . I-B- EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION : I-B- EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION DEGREE INSTITUTE MAJOR YEAR OF MARK
T.Y.B. MANGL- _ 1967-68 2nd
COM ORE CLASS
H.S.C MANGL- _ 1964-65 2nd
BOARD Slide 30: DEGREE INSTITUTE MAJOR YEAR OF MARK
S.S.S MANGLORE _ 1962-63 1st
BOARD I-C- SPECIAL TRANING : I-C- SPECIAL TRANING SR.NO. TRANING INSTI- DURATION ACHIEV-
1. COMPU - NILL 2 ½ YRS PASSED
2. PRINTI- J.J 3YRS PASSED
DIPLOMA OF ARTS
BOMBAY I-D – WORK EXPERIENCE .PAST : I-D – WORK EXPERIENCE .PAST SR.NO. ORGANISM POSITION NATURE DURA-
OF WORK ATION
1. R.M.D.C Product production 28yrs
pvt. ltd. Manager related PRESENT : PRESENT SR.NO. ORGANI- POSITION NATURE DURA-
SATION OF WORK TION
1. Print- Enter - printing 13 yrs
craft preneur related
cartons . II – DETAIL OF PROPOSED PROJECTS : II – DETAIL OF PROPOSED PROJECTS A- PRODUCTION PROGRAMME:-
SR.NO. ITEMS TOTAL ANNUAL CAPA- TURN-
QUAN- SALES CITY OVER.
1. PAPER- MONT- 80 10 60
BOARD HLY LAKHS LACS LAKHS
CARTO- 6 AFTER PER YEARLY
NS LACS PROD- MONTH
CARTONS UCTION II-B – MACHINERIES / EQUIPMENTS : II-B – MACHINERIES / EQUIPMENTS SR. NAME DESCRI NO. PRICE TOTAL SUPP-
NO. VOLT PTION REQ- VAL- LIES
UIRED UE ADD-
1. Polar Sheet 1 6 LakhS 6.50 L POLAR
4.H.P cutting Add:_
2. Heide- Sheet 2 30 30 Heide-
lbarg Printing Lakhs Lakhs lbarg
8.H.P Add:_ Slide 36: SR. NAME DESCRI- NO. PRICE TOTAL SUPP-
NO. VOLT PTION REQ- VAL- LIES
IRED UE ADD-
3. Bobst Dle 2 20 20 Bobst
3.H.P Cutting lakhs lakhs Add:_
4. ACME Gheeing 1 10 10 ACME
4.H.P Lakhs Lakhs Add:_ II – C – RAW MATERIALS : II – C – RAW MATERIALS SR.NO. PARTI- ANNUAL TOTAL REMARK
CULAR REQUIR- ANNUAL
1. Paper 1200 24,000 S.T.C.Co.
board tonnes (Rs) Hyderabad
2. INK 1 2,50,000 a. Bal-
Micro - Tonnes (Rs) krishna
b. India LTD
3. pedility 1 tonne 60,000(Rs) Mumbai II- D – MAN - POWER : II- D – MAN - POWER SR.NO. Particulars Annual wages No.Of Remark
1. Skilled 9,60,000 (Rs) 10 _
2. Semiskilled 4,80,000 (Rs) 8 _
3. Unskilled 5,40,000(Rs) 15 _
4. Office 8,64,000(Rs) 5 _
staff III - MARKET STUDY : III - MARKET STUDY The industry print craft is a self owned company , so there is no need of any interference of government. And hence the question of incentives and subsidies do not arise . In the particular location mentioned only one company is of printing and pressing . And the other one more company is in Mulund then. IV – COST OF PROJECT . : IV – COST OF PROJECT . A – FIXED CAPITAL .
SR.NO. ITEM VALUE (Rs)
1. Land and Building 60 Lakhs .
2. Machinery and Equipment 50 Lakhs.
3. Furniture and Fixtures 60 Lakhs .
Total = 170 Lakhs . B – WORKING CAPITAL : B – WORKING CAPITAL SR.NO ITEM DURATION QUANTITY VALUE
1. Raw- 1 month 5 tonnes 3,34,000
materials ready stock (Rs)
2. Semi- 10 days 4 tonnes 12,00,00
goods stock Slide 42: Sr.no. Item Duration Quantity Value
Finished goods 5 Days 2 tonnes 14,000
Production _ _ _
expenses C-TOTAL COST OF PROJECT : C-TOTAL COST OF PROJECT Sr.no. Particulars Value (Rs)
Fixed capital _ 1,15,000
Working capital _ 5,94,000
Preliminary expenses _ 20,000
Total _ 7,29,000 D – MEAN’S OF FINANCE : D – MEAN’S OF FINANCE Sr.no particulars Value (Rs) Remark
Fixed capital 1,15,000 _
Working capital 5,94,000 _
Own investment 2,00,000 _
Subsidy _ _
Total 9,09,000 _ E – PROJECT PROFITABILTY ANALYSIS : E – PROJECT PROFITABILTY ANALYSIS Sr.no Discription Value (Rs)
1. Sales Revenue 8,00,000 _
Manufacturing Expenses 4,00,000
Selling &Distribution Exp 1,00,000
Administrative Expenses 5,00,000
Gross Profit 1,20,000
Income Tax 3,00,000
Net Profit 9,00,000 V – SUPPLEMENTARY DETAILS : V – SUPPLEMENTARY DETAILS Do you own a house / Property etc _ Yes
Own insurance Policy _ Yes
Any interest in other firm _ Yes
Do you belong to S.C/S.T /O.B.C/ _ General
Present Monthly Income Rs _ 50,000
(Approx) VI – REFRENCES : : VI – REFRENCES : Sr.no Name Address Occupation
P.C.Shetty – A-49,Ground floor, Printing &
14th July,06 Pannalal Compound , Pressing of
L.B.S Marg , Cartons
Place : Bhandup Slide 48: Sr.no Name Address Occupation
Vittun J.B. Complex , Printing &
Shrinivas Building no. A-23, Pressing of
14th July,06 1st Floor , Cartons
Nirmal nagar ,
Mulund (W) ,
Mumbai – 80.
Place: Mulund SUMMARY : SUMMARY Project report is a blueprint of the project . It gives complete information about the technical , economic , financial and managerial aspects of the project . The important elements of a preliminary project report are as follows :
General information about the entrepreneur
Market potential Slide 50: Capital costs
Assessment of working costs
Other financial aspects
Project monitoring & reviewing
Break – even point