project report

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business environments project report

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PROJECT REPORT : 

PROJECT REPORT INTRODUCTION A project report is a written document containing complete information about the proposed project in summary form .

IMPORTANCE OF PROJECT REPORT : 

IMPORTANCE OF PROJECT REPORT It act like a reference guide . It is a basis for obtaining loans . The government sanction license or certificate of registration . It is like a controlling device . It supplies information . It is used as a basis by promoter to take investment decisions It enables to evaluate the soundness of the project

CONTENT OF PROJECT REPORT : 

CONTENT OF PROJECT REPORT Name and address of the promoter / firm . Objective and scope of the project . MARKET STUDY : Project report gives the analysis of the market in respect of : Size of the market for the proposed product . Present demand and supply position . Future prospects of market share . Number of suppliers / manufacturers and extend of competition . Availability of intermediaries – wholesalers and retailers .

4. TECHNICAL STUDIES : The project report should provide details about the technology and tools needed and the sources of availability technical study coves areas like _ Technical specifications of the product to be manufactured . Raw materials including the sources of supply .

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c) Manufacturing process . Plant and machinery . Tools and equipment etc . Requirement of land and building . Location and layout of the plant .

5. FINANCIAL STUDIES :The report indicate the financial aspect as : : 

5. FINANCIAL STUDIES :The report indicate the financial aspect as : Total cost of the project . Preliminary expenses . Source of finance- fixed and working capital . Source of working capital . Cost of production and profitability . Break- even point . Cost of fixed assets . Term loans. Special incentives ,if any . Depreciation on fixed assets .

6. MANPOWER STUDY :The report provides data of manpower as: : 

6. MANPOWER STUDY :The report provides data of manpower as: Number of skilled semi- skilled and unskilled personnel required in the production and other department . Salary and wages structure . Facilities for training and developments .

7.MARKETING STUDY :It includes : : 

7.MARKETING STUDY :It includes : Pricing strategies . Advertising strategies . Sales promotion technique . Marketing channels .

PROJECT PLANNING : 

PROJECT PLANNING INTRODUCTION : The terms ‘Project Planning’ and ‘Project Report’ are commonly used in the process of starting of a new business enterprise .

MEANING OF PROJECT PLANNING : : 

MEANING OF PROJECT PLANNING : Project planning is an integral part of project management that outlines the steps or the procedure for executing the project . Like an architect’s plan , project planning ensures smooth and orderly executing of the proposed business proposal .

FEAUTERS OF PROJECT PLANNING : : 

FEAUTERS OF PROJECT PLANNING : It is useful to small and big , private and public profit and service type of organizations . It is done in the case of new project or expansion or modernization of existing operation . It helps to execute the project in a systematic manner. It is a comprehensive term . It is the basis for the execution of the project report and covers technical , marketing , financial and managerial aspect .

STEPS IN PROJECT PLANNING : 

STEPS IN PROJECT PLANNING Discovery of business proposal . Primary investigation . Technical and physical study . Feasibility study . Final stage .

PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT : 

PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT PROJECT REPORT 1. MEANING: It is a written report containing complete information about the proposed project in summary form . 2. WHO PREPARES : It is prepared by the promoters with the help of experts . PROJECT PLANNING it is a written document containing in detail the findings of technical , financial and marketing feasibility studies . It is prepared by promoters or by lending institutions .

PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT : 

PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT PROJECT REPORT 3. WHEN PREPARES : It is prepared before feasibility report in the initial stage of project formulation . 4. BASE : It is prepared on the basis of project planning . FEASIBILITY REPORT It is prepared after the project report is ready . project report is the basis for preparing feasibility report .

PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT : 

PROJECT REPORT V/S FEASIBILITY REPORT PROJECT REPORT 5.USEFULNESS : It is like a reference guide during the execution of project . It is a basis for obtaining loans from banks. FEASIBILITY REPORT It is useful to find out commercial viability of the project i .e rate of success or failure of a project .

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How to make a company’s project report.

INTRODUCTION :- : 

INTRODUCTION :- A project report is a descriptive statement which provides the required detail information about the idea generated for the investment . A preliminary project report is a statement of information related to - - - - a) Investment , labour , and raw material requirement b) Plant and machinery requirement . c) Technological requirement .

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d) Profitability of the project . e) Therefore , project report is a frame work of business requirement . It gives information about MANAGRIAL , FINANCIAL , ECONOMIC , TECHNOLOGICAL , PROFITABLE aspect of the project .

MEANING :- : 

MEANING :- Project report is one of the modern concept in the field of business today , before selecting or investing in any business , the entrepreneur like to know the requirement and the profit of the business . He wants to know in advance what the government policy is , etc answer to all this question are present in a report called as project report .

ADVANTAGE OF PROJECT REPORT : : 

ADVANTAGE OF PROJECT REPORT : Detailed information about the project is collected by an entrepreneur . The entrepreneur gets clear knowledge of all the formalities to be completed before the unit is set-up . Preparation about obtaining the land and shed , machinery , etc . Can be started well in advance as the project report aptly points out these requirements . The project report instills confidence in the entrepreneur .

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Even though , project report prepares the foundation of the project , it is flexible and can be changed as per the requirement . Following are the broad heads under which the complete information on relevant aspects is included in the project report . 1. General information 2. Project description

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3. Market potential 4. Capital costs 5. Assessment of working capital 6. Other financial aspects 7. Economic and social variables

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PREPARATION OF PROJECT REPORT

PREPARATION OF PROJECT REPORT PRELIMINARY PROJCT REPORT : 

PREPARATION OF PROJECT REPORT PRELIMINARY PROJCT REPORT I-A- GENERAL INFORMATION :- NAME OF THE ENTERPRISE BIRTH DATE PROJECT LOCATION P.C SHETTY 09/04/1947 PAPER BOARD CARTOONS URBAN AREA

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TYPE OF ORGANISATION NAME OF THE FIRM ADDRESS SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY PRINT CRAFT. A-49 , GROUND FLOOR, PANALAL COMPOUND, L.B.S. MARG, BHANDUP (W) . MUMBAI – 400 078 .

I-B- EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION : 

I-B- EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION DEGREE INSTITUTE MAJOR YEAR OF MARK SUBJECT PASS T.Y.B. MANGL- _ 1967-68 2nd COM ORE CLASS UNIVE- RSITY H.S.C MANGL- _ 1964-65 2nd ORE CLASS BOARD

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DEGREE INSTITUTE MAJOR YEAR OF MARK SUBJECT PASS S.S.S MANGLORE _ 1962-63 1st BOARD

I-C- SPECIAL TRANING : 

I-C- SPECIAL TRANING SR.NO. TRANING INSTI- DURATION ACHIEV- TUTE EMENT 1. COMPU - NILL 2 ½ YRS PASSED TER BOMBAY 2. PRINTI- J.J 3YRS PASSED NG SCHOOL DIPLOMA OF ARTS BOMBAY

I-D – WORK EXPERIENCE .PAST : 

I-D – WORK EXPERIENCE .PAST SR.NO. ORGANISM POSITION NATURE DURA- OF WORK ATION 1. R.M.D.C Product production 28yrs pvt. ltd. Manager related

PRESENT : 

PRESENT SR.NO. ORGANI- POSITION NATURE DURA- SATION OF WORK TION 1. Print- Enter - printing 13 yrs craft preneur related cartons .

II – DETAIL OF PROPOSED PROJECTS : 

II – DETAIL OF PROPOSED PROJECTS A- PRODUCTION PROGRAMME:- SR.NO. ITEMS TOTAL ANNUAL CAPA- TURN- QUAN- SALES CITY OVER. TITY 1. PAPER- MONT- 80 10 60 BOARD HLY LAKHS LACS LAKHS CARTO- 6 AFTER PER YEARLY NS LACS PROD- MONTH CARTONS UCTION

II-B – MACHINERIES / EQUIPMENTS : 

II-B – MACHINERIES / EQUIPMENTS SR. NAME DESCRI NO. PRICE TOTAL SUPP- NO. VOLT PTION REQ- VAL- LIES UIRED UE ADD- RESS. 1. Polar Sheet 1 6 LakhS 6.50 L POLAR 4.H.P cutting Add:_ 2. Heide- Sheet 2 30 30 Heide- lbarg Printing Lakhs Lakhs lbarg 8.H.P Add:_

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SR. NAME DESCRI- NO. PRICE TOTAL SUPP- NO. VOLT PTION REQ- VAL- LIES IRED UE ADD- RESS 3. Bobst Dle 2 20 20 Bobst 3.H.P Cutting lakhs lakhs Add:_ 4. ACME Gheeing 1 10 10 ACME 4.H.P Lakhs Lakhs Add:_

II – C – RAW MATERIALS : 

II – C – RAW MATERIALS SR.NO. PARTI- ANNUAL TOTAL REMARK CULAR REQUIR- ANNUAL MENT EXPENSES 1. Paper 1200 24,000 S.T.C.Co. board tonnes (Rs) Hyderabad 2. INK 1 2,50,000 a. Bal- Micro - Tonnes (Rs) krishna INK -Kalyan b. India LTD -Daman. 3. pedility 1 tonne 60,000(Rs) Mumbai

II- D – MAN - POWER : 

II- D – MAN - POWER SR.NO. Particulars Annual wages No.Of Remark Wages 1. Skilled 9,60,000 (Rs) 10 _ 2. Semiskilled 4,80,000 (Rs) 8 _ 3. Unskilled 5,40,000(Rs) 15 _ 4. Office 8,64,000(Rs) 5 _ staff

III - MARKET STUDY : 

III - MARKET STUDY The industry print craft is a self owned company , so there is no need of any interference of government. And hence the question of incentives and subsidies do not arise . In the particular location mentioned only one company is of printing and pressing . And the other one more company is in Mulund then.

IV – COST OF PROJECT . : 

IV – COST OF PROJECT . A – FIXED CAPITAL . SR.NO. ITEM VALUE (Rs) 1. Land and Building 60 Lakhs . 2. Machinery and Equipment 50 Lakhs. 3. Furniture and Fixtures 60 Lakhs . Total = 170 Lakhs .

B – WORKING CAPITAL : 

B – WORKING CAPITAL SR.NO ITEM DURATION QUANTITY VALUE 1. Raw- 1 month 5 tonnes 3,34,000 materials ready stock (Rs) available. 2. Semi- 10 days 4 tonnes 12,00,00 finished (Rs) goods stock

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Sr.no. Item Duration Quantity Value Finished goods 5 Days 2 tonnes 14,000 stock (Rs) Production _ _ _ expenses

C-TOTAL COST OF PROJECT : 

C-TOTAL COST OF PROJECT Sr.no. Particulars Value (Rs) Fixed capital _ 1,15,000 Working capital _ 5,94,000 Preliminary expenses _ 20,000 Total _ 7,29,000

D – MEAN’S OF FINANCE : 

D – MEAN’S OF FINANCE Sr.no particulars Value (Rs) Remark Fixed capital 1,15,000 _ Working capital 5,94,000 _ Own investment 2,00,000 _ Subsidy _ _ Total 9,09,000 _

E – PROJECT PROFITABILTY ANALYSIS : 

E – PROJECT PROFITABILTY ANALYSIS Sr.no Discription Value (Rs) Income Expense 1. Sales Revenue 8,00,000 _ Manufacturing Expenses 4,00,000 Selling &Distribution Exp 1,00,000 Administrative Expenses 5,00,000 Interest 1,00,000 Depreciation 3,00,000 Gross Profit 1,20,000 Income Tax 3,00,000 Net Profit 9,00,000

V – SUPPLEMENTARY DETAILS : 

V – SUPPLEMENTARY DETAILS Do you own a house / Property etc _ Yes Own insurance Policy _ Yes Any interest in other firm _ Yes Do you belong to S.C/S.T /O.B.C/ _ General General Present Monthly Income Rs _ 50,000 (Approx)

VI – REFRENCES : : 

VI – REFRENCES : Sr.no Name Address Occupation P.C.Shetty – A-49,Ground floor, Printing & 14th July,06 Pannalal Compound , Pressing of L.B.S Marg , Cartons Bhandup-(W) , Mumbai-78. Place : Bhandup

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Sr.no Name Address Occupation Vittun J.B. Complex , Printing & Shrinivas Building no. A-23, Pressing of 14th July,06 1st Floor , Cartons Nirmal nagar , Mulund (W) , Mumbai – 80. Place: Mulund

SUMMARY : 

SUMMARY Project report is a blueprint of the project . It gives complete information about the technical , economic , financial and managerial aspects of the project . The important elements of a preliminary project report are as follows : General information about the entrepreneur Project description Market potential

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Capital costs Assessment of working costs Other financial aspects Project monitoring & reviewing Break – even point