MOTORCYCLE SAFETY : 1 MOTORCYCLE SAFETY 30th Medical Brigade, V Corps, US Army Europe Some Facts : 2 Some Facts Traffic crashes are a leading cause of death and disability in the United States.
Motorcycle crashes claim the lives of over 2,100 riders each year.
Per mile traveled, motorcyclists are 16 times more likely than passenger car occupants to die in a traffic crash and about four times as likely to be injured. Some More Facts : 3 Some More Facts More than 80% of all reported motorcycle crashes result in injury or death to the motorcyclist.
Head injury is a leading cause of death and serious injury in motorcycle crashes, which is why helmets that meet or exceed federal safety standards should always be worn.
Research studies show that motorcycle helmets are 29% effective in preventing fatal injuries and 67% effective in preventing serious brain injury. Crash Prevention Components : 4 Crash Prevention Components Preventing crashes before they occur is a key component of a motorcycle safety program. Crash prevention programs focus on four areas:
Properly licensed motorcycle operators
Reducing alcohol and other drug involvement
Awareness activities to reach motorists who share the road Injury Prevention Components : 5 Injury Prevention Components Clothing
Eye and face protection
Reflective Vest or Sash Reflective Wear : 6 Reflective Wear Front Back Vest Sash Helmets : 7 Helmets Helmeted riders have up to a 73 % lower fatality rate than unhelmeted riders.
Helmeted riders have up to an 85 % reduced incidence of severe, serious, and critical injuries than non-helmeted riders.
Motorcycle helmets are 67 % effective in preventing brain injuries.
Unhelmeted motorcyclists are over three times as likely to suffer a brain injury as were those who were helmeted. Anatomy of a Helmet : 8 Anatomy of a Helmet This only works if you wear it! Hydroplaning : 9 Hydroplaning Hydroplaning is the result of your tires moving FAST across a wet surface - so fast that they do not have sufficient time to channel that moisture away from the center of the tire. The result is that the tire is lifted by the water away from the road and all traction is lost. Hydroplaning : 10 Hydroplaning Key factors in determining at what speed the tire will begin to hydroplane: Tread design
Weight of motorcycle Tire pressure
Water-Depth and even the consistency Hydro-planning No-No’s : 11 Hydro-planning No-No’s Do NOT apply your brakes
Do NOT try to steer in any direction but straight ahead Steering : 12 Steering Your front wheel changes course
Your rear wheel maintains course Braking : 13 Braking The use of both brakes together will invariably slow you down more quickly than using just one of them.
The use of both brakes together results in LESS weight transfer than does using just the front one. (Assuming equal total braking force applied.)
Use of both brakes tends to lengthen the life of your front brakes.
If you need to stop or slow down on slick or gravel surfaces, the rear brake is just the ticket (in combination with a very gentle hand on the front one.)
If you are going less than 20 MPH then both brakes are effective (and relatively safe.)
In very slow maneuvers, the use of the rear brake alone often provides added stability and control of your motorcycle. Stopping Distance Factors : 14 Stopping Distance Factors Other Bikers and Automobiles
Terrain and Obstacles
Wet Road Conditions
Gravity-Incline vs. Decline
Lane of Travel with Other Bikes and Autos The 2 Second Rule : 15 The 2 Second Rule The '2-second rule' means that in staggered formation there is a ONE second spacing between each bike, thus a TWO second spacing between bikes in the same track.
The "2-second rule" should constitute your fundamental safety margin while riding in a group if you use it as a minimum spacing distance.
NOTE: This does not mean it is impossible to hit the guy ahead of you if he loses control of his bike! Excessive Tire Wear - 7 Causes of Cupping : 16 Excessive Tire Wear - 7 Causes of Cupping Roads that are banked
Forced speed changes
Carrying an unevenly divided load Setting your TRAC (anti-dive) unequally
Defective Front Shock
Excessive use of the front brake In Summary : 17 In Summary Be Safe…
- Wear the proper attire.
- WEAR YOUR HELMET!
- Use good driving techniques:
Braking and stopping distance
Steering- Rear Wheel vs. Front Wheel
Be aware of excessive wear on your tires