KOREAN WAR

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KOREAN WAR : 

KOREAN WAR “ESCALATIONS OF VIOLENCE BETWEEN NORTH AND SOUTH KOREA AND ITS EFFECTS TO THE WORLD”

CONTENTS : 

CONTENTS INTRODUCTION AIM OBJECTIVES DIVISION OF KOREA EARLY SKIRMISHES THE WAR BEGINS EVOLUTION OF WAR AND ESCALATIONS OF VIOLENCE EFFECT TOWARS WORLD PREVENTION OF WAR CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION : 

INTRODUCTION KOREA IS A COUNTRY WITH A WELL-RECOGNIZED, ANCIENT INTEGRITY. THE KOREAN WAR WAS THE RESULT OF THE DIVISION OF KOREA. THAT WAS FOUGHT ON THE KOREA PENINSULA AND THAT REACHED ITS HEIGHT BETWEEN 1950 AND 1953. ESCALATIONS OF VIOLENCE BETWEEN NORTH AND SOUTH KOREA NOW PLAYING A MAJOR ROLE IN PREVENTING WORLD PEACE AND SECURITY.

AIM : 

AIM THE AIM OF THIS PRESENTATION IS TO IDENTIFY THE ESCALATIONS OF VIOLENCE IN KOREAN WAR AND STUDY ITS EFFECTS TOWARDS WORLD.

OBJECTIVES : 

OBJECTIVES STUDY AND IDENTIFY THE REASONS FOR THIS KOREAN WAR. SIDUDY THE WAY IT STARTED. IDENTIFY THE WAYS IT DEVELOPED. STUDY ITS EFFECTS TOWARD WORLD. UNDERSTAND THE PRESENT SITUTIONS AND FIND THE SUITABLE PREVENTING WAYS.

DIVISION OF KOREA : 

DESPITE ITS LONG HISTORY AS AN INDEPENDENT KINGDOM, KOREA HAD BEEN FORCIBLY ANNEXED BY JAPAN IN 1910. LATE ON THE NIGHT OF AUGUST 10, 1945, AS WORLD WAR II WAS COMING TO A CLOSE, THE UNITED STATES MADE THE DECISION THAT IT WOULD OCCUPY THE SOUTHERN HALF OF KOREA. DIVISION OF KOREA

Slide 8: 

THE U.S. GOVERNMENT DID SO OUT OF FEAR THAT THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS WHICH HAD JOINED THE FIGHT AGAINST JAPAN IN NORTHERN KOREA A WEEK EARLIER—WOULD TAKE CONTROL OF THE ENTIRE KOREA PENINSULA. AMERICAN PLANNERS CHOSE TO DIVIDE KOREA AT THE 38TH PARALLEL BECAUSE IT WOULD KEEP THE CAPITAL CITY, SEOUL, IN THE AMERICAN-OCCUPIED SOUTHERN ZONE; THE USSR ACQUIESCED TO THE DIVISION, WITH NO OFFICIAL COMMENT

KOREA DEVIDED BY 38 PARALLEL : 

KOREA DEVIDED BY 38 PARALLEL

WAR BEGINNING STAGES : 

WAR BEGINNING STAGES AFTER WORLD WAR II ENDED IN 1945, THE KOREA PENINSULA WAS DIVIDED AT THE 38TH PARALLEL. KOREAN WAR BEGINS WITH NORTH KORIAN INVASIONS TOWARD SOUTH KOREA IN 1950. BY EARLY 1951, BOTH SIDES HAD LOST AND GAINED NEARLY THE ENTIRE KOREAN PENINSULA, ONLY TO THE END UP WHERE THEY BEGAN AT THE 38TH PARALLEL. THE FIGHTING ENDED IN 1953 WITH AN ARMISTICE AGREEMENT WHICH SOUTH KOREA REFUSED TO SIGN IT.

EARLY SKIRMISHES : 

EARLY SKIRMISHES TROOPS FROM BOTH NORTH AND SOUTH KOREA WERE CONCENTRATED ALONG THE 38TH PARALLEL. WHETHER OR NOT THE SOUTH LUNGED ACROSS THE PARALLEL STILL AWAITS FURTHER EVIDENCE, BUT THE NORTH BEARS THE MAJOR RESPONSIBILITY FOR ESCALATING A MINOR SKIRMISH TO THE LEVEL OF MASSIVE CONVENTIONAL WARFARE.

THE WAR BEGINS WITH SUPPORTS : 

THE WAR BEGINS WITH SUPPORTS THROUGHOUT 1949 THE SOVIET UNION FEARED THE CONSEQUENCES THAT AN INVASION BY NORTH KOREA WOULD HAVE ON U.S.-SOVIET RELATIONS. CONSEQUENTLY, FOR MONTHS SOVIET LEADER JOSEPH STALIN DECLINED TO SUPPORT KIM’S PLANS FOR WAR.

EVOLUTION OF WAR : 

EVOLUTION OF WAR DURING 1949, SOUTH KOREA HAD EXPANDED ITS ARMY TO ABOUT 90,000 TROOPS. THE NORTH HAD ABOUT 150 SOVIET T-34 TANKS AND A SMALL BUT EFFECTIVE AIR FORCE OF 70 FIGHTERS AND 62 LIGHT BOMBERS—WEAPONS EITHER LEFT BEHIND WHEN SOVIET TROOPS EVACUATED KOREA OR BOUGHT FROM THE USSR AND CHINA IN 1949 AND 1950. BY JUNE 1950 AMERICAN DATA SHOWED THE TWO ARMIES AT ABOUT EQUAL STRENGTH, WITH ROUGHLY EQUAL NUMBERS AMASSED ALONG THE 38TH PARALLEL.

Slide 14: 

THE UNITED STATES MAINTAINED THROUGHOUT 1949 AND 1950 THAT IT WOULD NOT SUPPORT AN INVASION OF THE NORTH BY THE SOUTH. AS EARLY AS 1947, HOWEVER, ACHESON AND HIS ADVISERS HAD COME TO SEE SOUTH KOREA AS IMPORTANT TO THE REVIVAL OF THE JAPANESE INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY, WHICH PROVIDED GOODS AND SERVICES TO SOUTH KOREA.

LAND SEA AND UP TO THE SKY : 

LAND SEA AND UP TO THE SKY

Slide 16: 

UN INTERVENTION THE BATTLE OF OSAN, THE FIRST SIGNIFICANT ENGAGEMENT OF THE KOREAN WAR, INVOLVED THE 540-SOLDIER TASK FORCE SMITH, WHICH WAS A SMALL FORWARD ELEMENT OF THE 24TH INFANTRY DIVISION ON 5TH JULY 1950 AFTER THAT THE UN COMMAND CONTROLLED ONLY THE PUSAN CITY PERIMETER, ABOUT 10% OF KOREA, IN A LINE PARTIALLY DEFINED BY THE NAKDONG RIVER.

UN IN ACTION : 

UN IN ACTION

BATTLE HAPPEND : 

BATTLE HAPPEND

Slide 19: 

HOWEVER, THIS DATA DID NOT ACCOUNT FOR THE SUPERIOR BATTLE EXPERIENCE OF THE NORTH KOREAN ARMY, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE TROOPS WHO HAD RETURNED FROM CHINA. THE KOREAN CONFLICT WAS BEYOND UN CHARTER SCOPE, BECAUSE THE INITIAL NORTH–SOUTH BORDER FIGHTING WAS CLASSED AS CIVIL WAR. THE NORTH KOREAN ARMY LAUNCHED THE "FATHERLAND LIBERATION WAR" WITH A COMPREHENSIVE AIR–LAND INVASION USING 231,000 SOLDIERS, WHO CAPTURED SCHEDULED OBJECTIVES AND TERRITORY

Slide 20: 

ESCALATION IN THE RESULTING BATTLE OF PUSAN PERIMETER, THE US ARMY WITHSTOOD KPA ATTACKS MEANT TO CAPTURE THE CITY. THE USAF DESTROYED LOGISTICS DEPOTS, PETROLEUM REFINERIES, AND HARBORS, WHILE THE US NAVY AIR FORCES ATTACKED TRANSPORT HUBS. CONSEQUENTLY, THE OVER-EXTENDED KPA COULD NOT BE SUPPLIED THROUGHOUT THE SOUTH.

ESCALATON STAGE IN AREAL VIEW : 

ESCALATON STAGE IN AREAL VIEW

DESTROYING OF LOGISTIC SUPPORTS : 

DESTROYING OF LOGISTIC SUPPORTS

US SUPPORTS IN BRIEF : 

US SUPPORTS IN BRIEF 1950 THE TOTAL ARMED STRENGTH OF THE U.S. ARMY WAS 593,167, WITH AN ADDITIONAL 75,370 MARINES. NORTH KOREA ALONE WAS CAPABLE OF MOBILIZING PERHAPS 200,000 COMBAT SOLDIERS, IN ADDITION TO THE IMMENSE RESERVE OF CHINA’S PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY. WORLD WAR II HERO GENERAL DOUGLAS MAC ARTHUR SUPPORTS WITH MINIMUM OF 30,000 AMERICAN COMBAT SOLDIERS IN THE FORM OF FOUR INFANTRY DIVISIONS, THREE TANK BATTALIONS, AND ASSORTED ARTILLLERY.

GENERAL DOUGLAS MACARTHUR IN ACTION : 

GENERAL DOUGLAS MACARTHUR IN ACTION

STAND OR DIE –MILITARY IN ACTION : 

STAND OR DIE –MILITARY IN ACTION

EFFECTS TO THE KOREA : 

EFFECTS TO THE KOREA BY EARLY OCTOBER 1950 THE NORTH HAD BEEN PUSHED FROM SOUTH KOREA. THE WAR FOR CONTROL OF THE SOUTH LEFT 111,000 SOUTH KOREANS KILLED, 106,000 WOUNDED, AND 57,000 MISSING; 314,000 HOMES HAD BEEN DESTROYED, 244,000 DAMAGED. AMERICAN CASUALTIES TOTALED 6,954 DEAD, 13,659 WOUNDED, AND 3,877 MISSING IN ACTION. NORTH KOREAN CASUALTY FIGURES ARE NOT KNOWN.

THE KOREAN WAR CAUSED GREAT DEVATATIONTO THE PEOPLE OF THE KOREAN PENINSULA : 

THE KOREAN WAR CAUSED GREAT DEVATATIONTO THE PEOPLE OF THE KOREAN PENINSULA

LARGE NO OF PRISIONERS WERE KILLED : 

LARGE NO OF PRISIONERS WERE KILLED

EFFECTS TOWARD WORLD : 

EFFECTS TOWARD WORLD CHINA LOST UP TO 1 MILLION SOLDIERS, AND THE UNITED STATES SUFFERED 36,934 DEAD AND 103,284 WOUNDED. OTHER UN NATIONS SUFFERED 3322 DEAD AND 11,949 WOUNDED. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DAMAGE TO THE KOREA PENINSULA WAS INCALCULABLE, ESPECIALLY IN THE NORTH, WHERE THREE YEARS OF BOMBING LEFT HARDLY A MODERN BUILDING STANDING.

Slide 30: 

FUTHER THINKING THIS GAVE THE JAPANESE ECONOMY SUCH A DYNAMIC BOOST AFTER THE RAVAGES OF WORLD WAR II THAT SOME HAVE CALLED THE KOREAN WAR 'JAPAN'S MARSHALL PLAN. OTHER THAN THAT THE KOREAN WAR HAD SIMILAR EFFECTS ON THE AMERICAN ECONOMY ALSO.

WHY WE SHOULD SUFFER : 

WHY WE SHOULD SUFFER

OUR BROTHERS WILL NOT COME AGAIN : 

OUR BROTHERS WILL NOT COME AGAIN

Slide 33: 

BY EARLY OCTOBER 1950 THE NORTH HAD BEEN PUSHED FROM SOUTH KOREA. THE WAR FOR CONTROL OF THE SOUTH LEFT 111,000 SOUTH KOREANS KILLED, 106,000 WOUNDED, AND 57,000 MISSING; 314,000 HOMES HAD BEEN DESTROYED, 244,000 DAMAGED. AMERICAN CASUALTIES TOTALED 6,954 DEAD, 13,659 WOUNDED, AND 3,877 MISSING IN ACTION. NORTH KOREAN CASUALTY FIGURES ARE NOT KNOWN.

Slide 34: 

THE U.S. GOVERNMENT SERIOUSLY CONSIDERED USING NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN KOREA IN EARLY 1951. THE IMMEDIATE THREAT WAS THE USSR’S DEPLOYMENT OF 13 AIR DIVISIONS TO EAST ASIA, INCLUDING 200 BOMBERS THAT COULD STRIKE NOT JUST KOREA BUT ALSO AMERICAN BASES IN JAPAN; AND CHINA’S DEPLOYMENT OF MASSIVE NEW FORCES NEAR THE KOREAN BORDER.

STALEMATE : 

STALEMATE BY EARLY SUMMER 1951 THE WAR HAD SETTLED INTO THE PATTERN IT WOULD FOLLOW FOR THE NEXT TWO YEARS: BLOODY FIGHTING ALONG THE 38TH PARALLEL. PERIODS OF HEAVY FIGHTING CONTINUED, HOWEVER, BOTH ON THE GROUND AND IN THE AIR.

PREVENTION OF WAR : 

PREVENTION OF WAR KOREAN ARMISTICE SIGNED BASICALLY KOREAN WAR ENDED ON 27 JULY, 1953 WITH ATRUE RATHER THAN A FORMAL PEACE AGREEEMENT.

THESE SOUTH KOREANS DEMANDED REUNIFICATION WITH NORTH KOREA AND PROTESTED A PROPOSED ARMISTICE TO END THE FIGHTING. : 

THESE SOUTH KOREANS DEMANDED REUNIFICATION WITH NORTH KOREA AND PROTESTED A PROPOSED ARMISTICE TO END THE FIGHTING.

Slide 38: 

ON JULY 27, 1953, THE UN, NORTH KOREA, AND CHINA SIGNED AN ARMISTICE AGREEMENT SOUTH KOREA REFUSED TO SIGN AND THE FIGHTING ENDED. THE LATE 1990S, MORE THAN 1 MILLION SOLDIERS CONFRONTED EACH OTHER ALONG THE ZONE. WITH NO PEACE TREATY SIGNED, THE TWO KOREAS REMAINED TECHNICALLY STILL AT WAR; ONLY THE ARMISTICE AGREEMENT AND DEMILITARIZED ZONE KEPT A TENUOUS PEACE.

CONCLUSION : 

CONCLUSION THE KOREAN WAR WAS ONE OF THE MOST DESTRUCTIVE OF THE 20TH CENTURY. PERHAPS AS MANY AS 4 MILLION KOREANS DIED THROUGHOUT THE PENINSULA, TWO-THIRDS OF THEM CIVILLIANS. DECADES LATER, KOREANS STILL SEEK RECONCILIATION AND EVENTUAL REUNIFICATION OF THEIR TORN NATION.

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