Rules of Online Research Kiew 2015

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5 plus 1 Rules for Clever Online Research Kiew 28 th of November 2015 Marcus Lindemann TV journalist and journalism lecturer lindemannautorenwerk.de www.autorenwerk.de www.recherche-info.de

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Structure of this Workshop 5 +1 Do‘s 5 Donts Q A Find the presentation online later today at recherche-info.de

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How will you find my presentation here

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0. Start as stupid as you are

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0. Start as stupid as you are - Google will know what you want.

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0. Start as stupid as you are - Google will know what you want. - esp. on internet/computer related topics

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0. Start as stupid as you are - Google will know what you want. - esp. on internet/computer related topics - Learn from what you find esp. Wikipedia snippets

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I. Keywords are decisive

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I. Keywords are decisive - Google and most other search engines will connect your keywords with a AND not with an OR

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I. Keywords are decisive - Google and most other search engines will connect your keywords with a AND not with an OR - one wrong keyword ruins everything

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I. Keywords are decisive - Google and most other search engines will connect your keywords with a AND not with an OR - one wrong keyword ruins everything - Keywords often choose the sources

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I. Keywords are decisive If searching for questions or titles does not work

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I. Keywords are decisive If searching for questions or titles does not work think results

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I. Keywords are decisive If searching for questions or titles does not work think results visualise what you expect websites e-mails presentations digitised documents

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I. Keywords are decisive If searching for questions or titles does not work think results visualise what you expect websites e-mails presentations digitised documents Think of headers/footlines

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I. Keywords are decisive 1. Which keywords MUST be in the result

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I. Keywords are decisive 1. Which keywords MUST be in the result 2. Which ones MIGHT be in the result

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I. Keywords are decisive 1. Which keywords MUST be in the result 2. Which ones MIGHT be in the result Tipp: Connect the MIGHT-ones with the Operator OR

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Exercise Find good handouts on Google advanced search

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I. Keywords are decisive 1. Which keywords MUST be in the result 2. Which ones MIGHT be the result 3. What terms might the sources you want actually use ‘ Watch out for foreign language terms and bureaucratic terms

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 1. Be specific: “Marcus Lindemann” site:recherche-info.de filetype:ppt OR filetype:pdf

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 1. Be specific: “Marcus Lindemann” site:recherche-info.de filetype:ppt OR filetype:pdf Add any keywords you remember

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 2. Start hunting for documents: site:suspiciouscompany.com filetype:ppt OR filetype:doc OR filetype:xls OR filetype:pdf e.g.: filetype:xls OR filetype:pdf site:kpmg.com

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 3. Include options in your search. e.g.: Name search Curt Engelhorn

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 3. Include options in your search. e.g.: Name search “Curt Engelhorn”

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 3. Include options in your search. What are you missing if you go for “Curt Engelhorn”

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 3. Include options in your search. What are you missing if you go for “Curt Engelhorn” Engelhorn Curt Curt Glover Engelhorn Mr. Engelhorn Kurt Engelhorn

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 3. Include options in your search. “Curt Engelhorn” OR “Curt Engelhorn” OR “Engelhorn Curt”

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 3. Include options in your search. “Curt Engelhorn” OR “Curt Engelhorn” OR “Engelhorn Curt” OR “Kurt Engelhorn” OR “Kurt Engelhorn” OR “Engelhorn Kurt”

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 3. Options in searching names - Google “verbatim” can be better than “” - Curt AROUND2 Engelhorn - common names are the best way to hide - Quick dirty: For rare names just go without operators

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II. Use and combine Google operators and options 4. Use the site operator

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The Telephone Method

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The Telephone Method Telephone a research tool from the 20th century. Like a chat but you had to use telephone books instead of automatically employing Domain Name Server.

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The Telephone Method 1. Whom would I like to ask 2. What‘s his or her telephone number 3. What do want to ask online: site:domain.tld

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German example: taxes Wanted: answer on the question who must pay what taxes on stuff someone inherits from someone or gets presented by somebody What good sources are there What are good terms for the search

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Erbschaftssteuer Prozentsatz OR Prozent OR "v.H.“ site:bundesfinanzministerium.de

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Zum Vergleich

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How to make good use of the site operator - avoid using search boxes on websites

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How to make good use of the site operator - avoid using search boxes on websites - site:no –site:dk

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How to make good use of the site operator - avoid using search boxes on websites - site:no –site:dk - site:mil “not for publication”

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How to make good use of the site operator - avoid using search boxes on websites - site:no –site:dk - site:mil “not for publication” - site:zdf.de –site:blog.zdf.de or site:www.zdf.de

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How to make good use of the site operator - avoid using search boxes on websites - site:no –site:dk - site:mil “not for publication” - site:zdf.de –site:blog.zdf.de or site:www.zdf.de - site:recherche-info.de/Lehrmaterialien

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III. Analyse and Filter your Result Pages 1. Enable yourself to browse through most of your results.

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III. Analyse and Filter your Result Pages 1. Enable yourself to browse through most of your results. 2. Reduce the number of results by adding keywords and by the use of operators.

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Exercise: What other good keywords could you use here

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III. Analyse and Filter your Result Pages 1. Enable yourself to browse through most of your results. 2. Reduce the number of results by adding keywords and by the use of operators. 3. Exclude what you do not want: -keyword -site:amazon.com -filetype:pdf

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-film –video –movie -screenplay removes reference to audio-visual material BUT this includes the Wikipedia article on „Hamlet“ A nice trick to draw from after a first analysis of the result list – leaves some risks and side effects

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III. Analyse and Filter your Result Pages 1. Enable yourself to browse through most of your results. 2. Reduce the number of results by adding keywords and by the use of operators. 3. Exclude what you do not want.

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III. Analyse and Filter your Result Pages 4. Use Google time option

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III. Analyse and Filter your Result Pages 4. Use Google time option

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III. Analyse and Filter your Result Pages 4. Use Google time option

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III. Analyse and Filter your Result Pages

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Sort results by date not by relevance

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IV. Analyse the URL of your sources 1. Check the sources Google offers and go for best sources first 2. Check the domain registration for your proofs – and for your traces because it will contain more traces. 3. Possibilities to run specific searches within a website 4. Easy hacking: domain stemming file name manipulation

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Don’t’ click in your result page before having a look at the URLs

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IV. Analyse the URL of your sources 1. Check the sources Google offers and go for best sources first

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IV. Analyse the URL of your sources 1. Check the sources Google offers and go for best sources first 2. Check the domain registration no matter whether you need legal proof of domain-ownership or if you are looking for traces

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IV. Analyse the URL of your sources 1. Check the sources Google offers and go for best sources first 2. Check the domain registration no matter whether you need legal proof of domain-ownership or if you are looking for traces. commercial: Who.is domaintools.com official: iana.org

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III. Analyse the URL of your sources 3. Possibilities to run specific searches within a website site:bundestag.de/bundestag/abgeordnete1 7/biografien site:spiegel.de/spiegel/print

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IV. Analyse the URL of your sources 1. Check the sources Google offers and go for best sources first 2. Check the domain registration for your proofs – and for your traces because it will contain more traces. 3. Possibilities to run specific searches within a website

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76 Easy hacking 1

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80 312 wedding pictures

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IV. Analyse the URL of your sources 1. Check the sources Google offers and go for best sources first 2. Check the domain registration for your proofs – and for your traces because it will contain more traces. 3. Possibilities to run specific searches within a website 4. Easy hacking: domain stemming file name manipulation

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V. Make your efforts sustainable 1. Save complex searches that you might re-use.

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Google search term Allianz OR Bund OR Bündnis OR Club OR Dachverband OR Institut OR Interessengemeinschaft OR Interessengruppe OR Interessenorganisation OR Interessenverband OR Klub OR Lobby OR Netzwerk OR Pressure-Group OR Union OR Verband OR Verbund OR Verein OR Vereinigung OR Zusammenschluss

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Detour: Is there a maximum number of search terms

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Detour: Is there a maximum number of search terms The answers is 32 but not including operators.

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Google search term 20 keywords Allianz OR Bund OR Bündnis OR Club OR Dachverband OR Institut OR Interessengemeinschaft OR Interessengruppe OR Interessenorganisation OR Interessenverband OR Klub OR Lobby OR Netzwerk OR Pressure-Group OR Union OR Verband OR Verbund OR Verein OR Vereinigung OR Zusammenschluss

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Satisfied Save it

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More specific: customised search engine - Restrict your search to specific sites 30

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More specific: customised search engine - Restrict your search to specific sites site:facebook.com

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More specific: customised search engine - Restrict your search to specific sites site:facebook.com OR site:twitter.com OR site: myspace.com …

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Eigene Suchmaschinen

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Directory of files for German federal government

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V. Make your efforts sustainable 1. Save complex searches that you might re-use. 2. Make up you own specific Google search engines 3. Use alerts for permanent fishing.

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Using Google Alerts

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V. Make your efforts sustainable 1. Save complex searches that you might re-use. 2. Make up you own specific Google search engines 3. Use alerts for permanent fishing.

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V. Make your efforts sustainable 1. Save complex searches that you might re-use. 2. Make up you own specific Google search engines 3. Use alerts for permanent fishing. - monitor websites names - make sure you get new results for your ongoing projects

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I. Don’t save screenshots in a picture-filetype

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II. Don’t forget about other search engines Bing will have most content that has been blocked from Google due to the European „right to forget“-legislation Bing has most buildings that have been blurred in Germany.

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Bing is somewhat better in searching e-mail-addresses

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III. Don’t believe information has one from the internet

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III. Don’t believe information has one from the internet 1. Use the Google cache

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III. Don’t believe information has one from the internet 1. Use the Google cache 2. Use other search engines caches.

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III. Don’t believe information has one from the internet 1. Use the Google cache 2. Use other search engines caches. 3. Use archive.org

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III. Don’t believe information has one from the internet 1. Use the Google cache 2. Use other search engines caches. 3. Use archive.org 4. Think of people who might have saved that information.

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IV. Don’t forget about meta-data pictures pdf ip

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IV. Don’t forget about meta-data exif properties ip-numbers

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V. Don’t forget the deep web esp. databases 1. Google cannot or is not allowed to index all internet content.

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V. Don’t forget the deep web esp. databases 1. Google cannot or is not allowed to index all internet content. 2. Within that deep web databases are the most important part for journalists.

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Any questions left Get in contact lindemannautorenwerk.de recherche-info.de

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