part_five_traditions

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Paper: 

Let’s Get to Know Each Other

Let’s Get to Know Each Other: 

Let’s Get to Know Each Other Part I - Introduce Yourself Part II - Introduce Your Country and School Part III - Our European Capitals Part IV - Let Me Show You Our Beautiful Nature Part V - Un Unique Tradition in My Country Part VI - My Country is Famous with… Part VII – Traditional Dishes in My Country Exchange of Recipes

Let’s Get to Know Each Other: 

Part V An Unique Tradition in My Country

Part V: 

Granny Martha

Granny Martha: 

Granny Martha An old Bulgarian tradition Presented by the 3 rd B class Pancharevo

Granny Martha : 

Martenitsa - usually in the form of a wrist band, woven by combining red and white colored threads - are worn on that day and through March, until a stork or a bloomed tree is seen, symbolizing warmer weather and well being.

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Dear friends , These martenitsas are for you. On the first of March we give martenitsas to friends and relatives. We wish them good health and a long life. It’s an old Bulgarian tradition.

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The greeting exchanged on this day is Chestita Baba Marta ( Честита Баба Марта – Happy Grandma Martha). ‘Mart’ in Bulgarian is the name for the month of March. This holiday symbolizes the coming of spring.

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The Martenitsa is a symbol of peace and love, health and happiness. The white colour symbolizes purity and honesty in relationships, and the red colour means life, passion, and cordiality in friendship and mutual love.

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Galicnik Wedding

Galicnik Wedding: 

Galicnik Wedding by Anastasija Achkoska and Gabriela Lazoska

Galicnik Wedding by Anastasija Achkoska and Gabriela Lazoska: 

Galicnik Wedding or Petrovdenskata Galicka svadva is held every year on St. Peter July 12. Rich is a very original, unique and unforgettable wedding customs and rituals. In the days of the wedding, eerie pipes and echo drums "from Galichnik to River". These companions of migrant workers in this part of Macedonia, always announce Galicnik wedding which is most wedding guests. Galicnik Wedding in its existence has contributed to foster unique wedding customs and rituals of the inhabitants of this region, to preserve the original songs, dances, and famous Galicnik costume made ​​with filigree precision and accuracy of the tailors. Each year a special commission chooses two young married Galicnik wedding. One of the prerequisites is at least one of the young family came from Galic .

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Traditions: Every year during the Galicnik Wedding observe many customs that characterize this wedding: the beating of drums, Malesora bride wearing water setting wedding banner kanenjeto dead, shaving of the groom fetching the bride,zamesuvanjeto bread, wedding in the church " Sv . Peter and Paul, "and other customs, which slowly die but which contain and hide many details of life Galichnik in the past. Galichnik now live just two people, but on July 12, has over 5000 people coming to see this Galicknik Wedding.

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The Macedonian folk embroidery, mostly made of wool and silk, impresses with its polychrome where all the shades of red dominate. Light red is particularly characteristic of the embroidery of the Prilep , Bitola, Debar and Ohrid regions. The women's gowns from Dolen Polog and Skopska Crna Gora are decorated with black moulded embroidery which reminds us with its stylish composition of the early Christian textile decor. Folk embroidery

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The ethnic Macedonian traditional music, which can be rural or urban ( starogradska muzika ), includes: lyric songs, epic songs, labour songs, ritual songs, humorous songs, circle dance (" oro "), the old urban style called Čalgija ( not to be confused with chalga ) etc. Popular traditional songs are: Kaleš bre Angjo , Slušam kaj šumat šumite , Biljana platno beleše , Dafino vino crveno , Narode Makedonski , Zemjo Makedonska and many others. Often referenced oro dances are Teškoto from the village of Galičnik , Kalajdžiskoto , Komitskoto (The Dance of the freedom fighters) and others. An internationally acclaimed professional folklore association is the award winning “ Tanec ”.   Macedonians danced and created folk dances ( ora ) both in sorrow and in joy, in suffering and in pleasure. Traditional music

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Primary school “ Goce Delchev ” – Prilep The Republic of Macedonia Pupils Anastasija Achkoska Ivana Damjanoska Adela Dimoska Ilijana Dimoska Nikolche Dimovski Stefani Ilovska Filip Josheski Itan Koteski Gabriela Lazoska Leonarda Risteska Emilija Dzajkovska Teacher – Aleksandra Andonoska

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Martisor

Martisor: 

MARTISOR Mărţişor (Romanian: little March) is the traditional celebration of the beginning of the spring (and until 1701 of the New Year ) in Romania on the1st of March. The day's name is the diminutive of March (in Romanian Martie ), and thus means something like "little" or "dear March". Nowadays, men offer women a talisman object also called Mărţişor , consisting of a jewel or a small decoration like a flower, an animal or a heart, tied to a red and white string. However, giving a little nickel tied to a red and white string is an old custom and was originally designated for both men and women. It was believed that the one who wears the red and white string will be powerful and healthy for the year to come. The decoration is a symbol of the coming spring. A woman wears it pinned to her blouse on this day and up to two weeks after. Occasionally, women also give such gifts to men. Student:ZORZOANA ELA MARIA VULCAN - Romania

MARTISOR: 

MARTISOR History Mărţişor is the symbol of spring and also a celebration on the first of March. The oldest traces of the " mărţişor " tradition were discovered in Romania, and they date back thousands of years. Archeologists discovered here stones bearing traces of red and white paint, these colours symbolising the genesis and regeneration of life. It is sometimes said that it originated in ancient Rome, because New Year's Eve was celebrated on the 1st of March ( Martius ), the month of the war god Mars. He had a double role: both protector of agriculture and of war, so the celebration signified the rebirth of nature. The duality of symbols is kept in the colours of the Mărţişor : white and red, meaning peace and war (it might also symbolize winter and spring).

MARTISOR: 

The Legend of the M ărţişor The story dates back from the time of the Roman occupation of Dacia, during a sun eclipse. It is said that the Sun, looking at the people having fun wanted to enjoy the pleasures of man. So he decided to come to Earth as a young man and take part to the festival. But his happiness was shortly lived because an ogre kidnapped and imprisoned him. The people were very sad because there was no more sun. The birds would not sing any more, the children weren't happy any more and the rivers stopped flowing. But still nobody dared to face the ogre, until one day when a brave warrior stepped forward and after taking his strength from the people, he went to challenge the ogre.

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He had searched for the ogre for three seasons, a summer, a fall and a winter until he had found its castle. When he arrived at the castle the brave warrior faced the ogre and they fought for days, until our warrior killed the ogre. In the end the exhausted warrior, with almost no strength, freed the Sun which immediately started to shine thus bringing spring again into the world. Unfortunately the warrior died before he could see the spring season. His warm blood flowed on to the snow until the last drop; where the drops fell a snowdrop rose. From that moment on young men make a white and red string which they offer to the girls whom they love or to those close to them, the red colour reminds us of the warrior’s blood and the white is a symbol of health, purity of the snowdrop and the first flower of spring.

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March The tradition of ' Martisor ' or wearing the Sun above your heart… )

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Romanians have a beautiful ancient tradition on the first day of March : Martisor (The Amulet). Its name is a diminutive from the name of Martie - the Romanian word for March.

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In Romania this Amulet is a symbol of coming spring and joy.

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The archeological finds show that over 8,000 years ago on the present territory of Romania this custom was alive. People were celebrated the coming of spring with long time forgotten rituals. They used small pebbles painted in white and red arranged alternatively on a string. It might be curious why they had chosen `these two colors : red and white.

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The Amulet's meaning was greatly enlarged. It was considered to be a protective charm for children and animals in the next coming year. Those tiny pebbles were changed into a couple of yarns, one colored in red and one colored in white. Red meant the Sun, the power of fire, passion and woman, and white meant the benefits of water, clouds, winter but also man's intelligence. The combination of those colors can be interpreted as the union of man and woman, these two opposite forces who will determine a new life cycle.

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In those times, many magical rituals involved human or animal sacrifices for determining their pagan Gods to listen to their prayers. So blood was associated with life, fertility and worship. On the other hand, the snow, the ice and the clouds were white. In a single expression the meaning of two colors might be : " let's forget about winter and pray our Gods to bring us fertility ".

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More than two thousands years ago, the Dacians had that tradition on March 1st. The Dacians God who was celebrated at the beginning of March was named " Marsyas Silen ". He was the inventor of flute (shepherd's whistle) and he had the most greatest influence upon the entire nature.

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At the beginning of 19th century the beautiful Amulet was found in all Romanian regions. Especially children and women wore around their necks or on their left hands two woolen yarns (one red, one white) knitted together and a small silver or golden coin hung on them. The belief was that those who wore that Amulet were protected and would have good luck in the next year. It was written in books that young girls wore Martisor from March 1st till March 12th. After two weeks, they used to tie their hair with that special red-white yarn waiting to see the first spring birds coming to their village. Only after that event, the young girls took out the Amulet and hang it to the first tree they saw in blossom.

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Have a nice spring! O primavara frumoasa!

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Miķeļi Day

Miķeļi Day: 

MI Ķ E Ļ I We have a beautiful autumn holiday – Miķeļi Day . This holiday is the Autumn Solstice, when the sun turns towards winter, and day and night are the same length. This is an important point in a farmer's daily rhythm, as the most important chores are finished and activity in fields slowly dies down. We celebrate this holiday every year on September 29. The fairs invite people to taste and purchase local products - delicious, healthy and natural food and dairy products, herbal teas and fruit juices, as well as Latvian traditional dishes. All masters present a wide choice of handmade wickerwork, pottery, bathhouse items, textile and wooden products, jewelry, ornaments, souvenirs, and other items. Although it was believed for many years that the name Miķelis was adopted from the name Michael of the Christian tradition, many folk songs mention Miķelis as one of the many sons of the Latvian god.

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The harvest festival is an ancient tradition when the local markets were held throughout the countryside. Today Miķe ļi Day’s markets are the continuation of these ancient traditions . In Riga

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The good tradition developed in our kindergarten. Children together with parents do works of natural material s , vegetables and fruit s. We can look all works one week before this holiday. These are works of previous years . In this year

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Thanks for your attention !