I06 - 5a - Modals Speculation about the Past

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Modals of Speculation about the Past:

Modals of Speculation about the Past Intermediate 6 - Unit 5a

PowerPoint Presentation:

2 Degrees of Certainty: past tense Liz must have eaten it this morning. Or she may have given it to her mother modal + have + past participle Which one is more certain? The cake is not in the fridge!!!

PowerPoint Presentation:

3 Degrees of Certainty: past tense She must have eaten the cake. modal + have + past participle She ate the cake. The cake must have been taken this morning. modal + have + Passive form been+past part . The cake was taken this morning. 100% sure 100% sure 95% sure 95% sure

PowerPoint Presentation:

4 Degrees of Certainty: past tense The cake must have been taken this morning. modal + have + Passive form been+past part . The cake was taken this morning. 100% sure 95% sure

PowerPoint Presentation:

5 Degrees of Certainty: past tense It may have been altered by Susan. The picture must have been taken at home no modal 100% sure Must have 95 % sure May have Might have 50% sure or less Could have Which one is more certain?

PowerPoint Presentation:

6 Negative I know Jorge couldn’t have taken the cake. He was with me this morning Malu might not have taken the cake. couldn’t have 99% sure can’t have must not have 95% sure may not have 50% sure might not have or less PAST

Nosy Neighbors 1:

Nosy Neighbors 1 Honey, how can Mrs. Carson have a Ferrari? Isn’t she a teacher? I suppose. Or she could have won the lottery. Who knows? She may have gotten a big raise at work. Well, she might have inherited some money from her family. I doubt it. She must have robbed a bank! You could be right.

Nosy Neighbors 2:

Nosy Neighbors 2 I haven’t seen the Chins for a month. They may have been abducted by aliens. Or they might be staying with their son for a while. Well, they couldn’t have gone on vacation. The dog is still there. Hmmm. They must have moved to an exotic island. Then they should be very happy.

Speculating about the Past:

Speculating about the Past Modals speculating about the past are followed by the past participle . past participle She could have won the lottery. She may have gotten a big raise.

Review:

Review Modals and modal-like expressions express degrees of certainty . Degree of Certainty certain near certainty near impossibility less certain No modal Must have Couldn’t have May have Might have Could have

Certainty:

Certainty Modals and modal-like expressions express degrees of certainty . Don’t use a modal for 100% certainty . Mrs. Carson got a raise. The Chins went on vacation.

Near Certainty:

He had to have robbed a bank. They must have moved to an exotic island. Near Certainty There are several modals that express near certainty, including must have and had to have.

Near Impossibility:

Near Impossibility There are several modals that express near certainty that something is impossible, including couldn’t have and can’t . They just moved here. They left all the lights on! They couldn’t have moved away. They can’t be out of town.

Less Certainty:

Less Certainty There are several modals that express less certainty, including may , and might . They may have been abducted by aliens. They might be staying with their son.

Make guesses or speculate about the situation in the picture.:

Make guesses or speculate about the situation in the picture. They must have won the competition

Make guesses or speculate about the situation in the picture.:

Make guesses or speculate about the situation in the picture. They must have lost the game

Make guesses or speculate about the situation in the picture.:

Make guesses or speculate about the situation in the picture. The living room is a mess. She asked who did it. They answered the baby. But she knew that the baby couldn’t have done that.

Make guesses or speculate about the situation in the picture.:

Make guesses or speculate about the situation in the picture. She is looking into her purse. She may have lost her keys

authorStream Live Help