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Johns’ computer class Publishing co. © November 2009 all rights reserved : Australia An eBook all about AustraliaIt is both a country and a continent By: Mrs. Karlson’s 6th Grade Class mrs. Johns’ computer class Publishing co. © November 2009 all rights reserved Table of Contents : Table of Contents Lane R. ……………………… …..3 Marina T. ……………………… 4-5 Dakota V. …………………….… 6 Emily J. ……………………….. …7 Georgia B. ……………………… 8 Greg S. ………………………… 9 Ryan T. ……………………….. 10 Katlynn M. …………………..11 Madi L. …………………….… 12 Reed J. …………………….… 13 Alexa V. …………………….… 14 Mariah B. ………………….… 15 Mitch D. ……………………. 16 Riley J. ………………………. 17 Zach E. …………………………... 18 Kayla S. …………………………... 19 Richard M. ……………………… 20 Ellee S. ……………………………. 21 Andrew M. ……………………… 22 Morgan W. ……………………… 23 Maggie W. ……………………..… 24 Cameron M. ……………….…… 25 Landon H. …………………..…… 26 Links ……………………… 27 Credits ……………………… 28 Click to go to next slide. The Australian Government : The Australian Government The Australian government is like ours. They have: A house Of Representatives A senate A Judicial, Executive, and Legislative government. Each state has it’s own constitution. They have 12 senators and they all have a 6 year term. Mr. John Howard is the prime minister and makes the decisions in court. The government is a democracy. Leaders are elected by adult population. This is all very similar to the U.S.A’s government. By Lane R. Back to Table of Contents Compare/Contrast Australia’s and New Zealand’s people and economy : Compare/Contrast Australia’s and New Zealand’s people and economy One area where there are some noticeable differences between Australia and New Zealand is people. Australia has over five times more people than New Zealand, 18 million, compared to 3.4 million. Australia’s biggest city, Sydney with 3.5 million people is more than ten times the size of New Zealand’s Auckland which has 320,000. in New Zealand the people of European origin, 88%, are mostly from England or Scotland, on the other hand in Australia the Caucasian population, 95%, is made up of people from a variety of areas; Britain, Ireland, Italy, Greece, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Northern Europe. New Zealand’s people, the Maori, make up a greater proportion of the general population than the Aborigines do in Australia, 1%, Australians of Asian origin make up 4% of the population. Figures of Asians in New Zealand aren’t counted yet. Back to Table of Contents continued : continued In the area of economy the distinctions between the two countries are less distinguishable. Both countries rely on the exports of primary goods. However, New Zealand is mainly confined to agricultural goods, (lamb, dairy products, and wool) in this area. Australia’s major exports are consisting of mining products (iron, coal, bauxite, and uranium), technology, and agricultural goods (wool, beef, and wheat). More than twice the proportion of New Zealand’s population is employed in agriculture than Australia’s, 13% to 6%, but Australia has 80% more of its workforce employed in manufacturing. At 293.5 billion, Australia’s Gross Domestic Product (GPD) was about six times bigger than New Zealand’s 49.8 billion in 1992. By Marina T. Back to Table of Contents How did the dingoes get to Australia? : How did the dingoes get to Australia? Most dingoes are wild dogs. They were brought to Australia by pioneers. Dingoes can not bark but they can let out a sad cry. People used Dingoes as hunting dogs and as living blankets. They would sleep on the people to keep them warm. Dingoes hunt sheep, wombats, wallabies, kangaroos, rabbits, and more. They were brought over to Australia more than 3,500 YEAR’S ago! by: Dakota V. Back to Table of Contents Australia’s Endangered Species : Australia’s Endangered Species Three top reasons why they’re Endangered: They’re usually caught in fishing nets and get stuck. They have too small of a habitat so they die. Their habitats have been destroyed. The Greater bilby: Has slivery gray and white fur. There venerable witch means if the conditions don’t change they’ll become endangered and then extinct. Western Swamp Turtle: Was thought to be extinct for 50 years until a school boy brought one to a school pet day. They eat shrimp and worms, and they sleep most of the year except during the winter rains. Quokka: They only have a small population of 10,000 . They eat grasses and the leaves off shrubs. They live on a small island near Australia. Lead Beater’s Possum: They are only found in the state of New South Wales and occasionally found in the rainforests of Victoria. They have a very small habitat. Wombat: The wombat is a small brown animal and they nocturnal. They’re critically endangered and eat grasses, herbs, and roots. The wombat will become extinct if conditions don’t change. By Emily J. Endangered Species in Australia : Endangered Species in Australia What is the reason that animals in Australia are mostly endangered species? Koalas are one of the endangered species in Australia. Some koalas are kept in safe keeping because they are endangered. People hunt for the poor koalas . They made a law that people are no longer allowed to hunt for them. As the land expands more koalas disappear. People are trying to save the endangered species of koalas. The sugar glider possum is one of Australia's endangered species . They’re are very active at night and sleep most of the day . The sugar gliders are also kept in safe keeping because they keep getting threatened by weather and other animals. If more sugar gliders disappear then the specie will become extinct In the past 200 years over 17 different Australian mammals have become extinct . Australia has more endangered species than any other continent in the world. By Georgia B. Kangaroos : Kangaroos Kangaroos are mammals and marsupials (they have pouches to carry young). Kangaroos are herbivores , they eat grass and roots. They are on the endangered list because of being hit by cars and being hunted. In some places kangaroos are mascots and one kind of coin in Australia has a kangaroo on it. By Greg S. Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents Red Kangaroos : Red Kangaroos Red kangaroos are around two meters tall and have an one meter tail. They graze for grass during the night because it is to hot during the day. To keep cool during the day they pant and lick their forearms. Male kangaroos are very strong they appear to box for defense or to get a mate. Did you know that a kangaroos feet along with their huge claws can kill a grown man. Kangaroos are very interesting. By : Ryan T. Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents Slide 11: There are many kind of eucalyptus trees. Some koalas will eat only from some of them. Some koalas in different areas like different kind of eucalyptus trees. Koalas didn’t specialize in a diet of eucalyptus trees till the air cooled and the eucalyptus trees grew and in the place of rainforests. Koalas breath smells like cough drops after they eat eucalyptus tree. All about Koalas By Katlynn M. Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents Are Kangaroos and Deer Alike? : Are Kangaroos and Deer Alike? Kangaroos Wild kangaroos eat grass, have deer like heads, are shy and are hunted. There are many car accidents in Australia involving kangaroos. At times kangaroos can be startled by the starting of an engine and jump in front of cars. Deer Deer are large brown mammals, they like to live in or near forest. They have skinny legs and can run up to 40 miles per hour. They are shy animals and are hunted. They are hit by cars because all they are trying to do is cross the street and when they see the headlights they just become completely still. By Madi L. Back to Table of Contents The Australian Platypus : The Australian Platypus Where They Live There are thousands of platypuses living in swamps, lakes, rivers, and other bodies of fresh water in Eastern Australia and parts of Tasmania. Facts of The Platypus Platypuses are an amphibious mammal. It has a tail like a beaver, a body like and otter, walks like a reptile, has webbed feet, a beak like a duck, and it lays eggs. The platypus normally grows up to 12 to 18 inches in length and weigh up to 3 pounds. By Reed J. Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents Asians in Australia : Asians in Australia There’s really not a good reason for Asian’s not being allowed in Australia. Captain James Cook, was the person who founded Australia. He was racist and didn’t want any Asian immigrants. Only 7% of Australia’s people were Asians. But later the people of Australia claimed that they had ancestors and relatives there. Since then the population of Asians in Australia has grown from 7% to 40%. By Alexa V. Back to Table of Contents Clinton Anderson : Clinton Anderson Clinton Anderson was born in Australia. He moved to the US to train with Al Dunning. Then returned to Australia, then moved permanently to the US in 1997 and lives in Texas now. What he does is he trains uncontrollable horses. You can watch him train horses on downunder horsemanship on RFD TV. He also competes between top equine trainers. In 1997 he won the Australian National Reining Futurity, and won The Road to the Horse Colt Starting Challenge in 2003 and 2005. He has achieved a lot of stuff when he was young. At the age of 13 he was paying Polo-Cross and was chosen for national team representative. He started training apprentices full time at the age of 15! By : Mariah B. Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents Why are the Aborigines Dying Out?By: Mitchell Dotson : Why are the Aborigines Dying Out?By: Mitchell Dotson This is what an Aborigine might look like. The Aboriginal tribes have few phones to call doctors, even if a doctor is reached calls are often dropped. Doctors can rarely even reach the tribes because of their remoteness. The risk factors of the tribes are; crowded housing, unmanaged dogs, poor nutrition, poor water quality, dust, putting sewage into their water, and a-lot of alcoholics. Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents Slide 17: The Prisoners of Australia The first prisoners of Australia were sent in by the British in 1788 when the British first settled there. The first load of prisoners was 11 boats full. Many of the prisoners brought diseases and killed many Aborigines. In 1848 the Governor of New South Wales stopped taking prisoners but the Governor of western Australia was still taking prisoners. Soon the prisoners made up of most of Australia's population it was hard times for the prisoners because the soil was not good for farming and could not grow much food. Later Britain stopped sending prisoners and many people got the word and went to Australia for its gold rush. Many people went and found gold but did not have enough money to get back home so they had to stay and there family's came after them By Riley J. Back to Table of Contents Why Australian kids went to private school so much : Why Australian kids went to private school so much Australian kids went to public school more than private school because private schools cost more than public schools. In Australia there were more public schools than private schools. Kids who did go to private school went to the churches to learn. The Government payed for the public schools in Australia's schools. By Zach Eason Back to Table of Contents Facts about the opera house… : Facts about the opera house… The Sydney opera house was built in 1957. The NSW Government chose Joern’s design (which was in a contest). The Sydney opera house represents Australia. In 1961, Joern figured out how to make the distinguishing sails ( the roof of the Sydney opera house) out of 1,056,000 glazed white granite tiles!!!! About the Sydney opera house! The Sydney house Opera has 1,000 rooms!!! Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents Facts of Mount Cook : Facts of Mount Cook Mount Cook is really interesting. It is about 112 years old. This mountain is tall; it is 12,316 feet High. the mountain is really cold; it is -10 degrees at the top. Nobody lives there because it’s so tall. This mountain is named after James Cook. By : Richard Mountjoy Back to Table of Contents Life in the Outback : Life in the Outback The term “Outback” is often used to refer to a generally remote area. As only 10% of Australia’s population lives in the Outback, or “Inland”. While small areas of the outback consist of dry barren land that is rich in clay soils, most of the inland is exceedingly infertile, and bad for farming. The more fertile parts of the land is often used for rangelands, or sheep and cattle grazing. These areas of the outback are called cattle stations, and are leased by the government. Because of the outback’s dry hot climate, it is home to many reptiles, and the famous Australian dingoes. . While some prefer the busy cities, others enjoy the quiet life in the Outback. Composed By: Ellee Schmitt Back to Table of Contents THE SEASONS &TIME ZONES OF AUSTRALIA : THE SEASONS &TIME ZONES OF AUSTRALIA The seasons of Australia are much more different then the rest of the world, because when we are in the middle of a cold winter they are having a warm summer. The weather in Australia is even different through-out there own country, because in Queensland it is rainy and nice but in the outback it is dry and hot. Australia has 10 time zones through-out its country. Well that’s all I’m going to tell you about Australia's seasons and time zones. by, Andrew McFarland Back to Table of Contents Great Barrier Reef : Great Barrier Reef The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure in the world. It is also the largest coral reef in the world and is known all around. It is 1,250 miles long and it is 1,200 miles of coral and algae. Sharks and thousands of tropical fish live in this wonderful chunk of sea life. By Morgan W. Back to Table of Contents Aquifers : Aquifers Aquifers are basically underground lakes that fill up, and empty out over time. It’s my job to teach you about aquifers. Aquifers are filled when groundwater flows through them. It’s like an automatic underground water storage unit. Groundwater can run through aquifers 50 feet, or just 50 inches in a year! It all depends on how much water, the speed of the water, and the type of ground that it runs through. But eventually, water discharges, or empties out, and then recharges, or fills back up. Finally, groundwater is pumped up to the surface for people to drink, cook with, or water plants. By: Maggie Williams Back to Table of Contents Water problems in Australia : Water problems in Australia On April 20th 2007, in a news article it stated, “Farmers were told to pray for rain. Parts of Australia sometimes do not get enough rain. Another water problem is that there is sometimes a major health problem with some of the rivers. Did you know that 75% of rain usually falls between the months of December and March in Australia? That means there is not enough rain most of the year. By: Cameron Montana Back to Table of Contents Slide 26: Ever wonder why kiwis are flightless? Everyon̋̋̋̋e has. Kiwis are flightless because they lack primary flight feathers, keel bones, air shafts , and they don`t have hollow bones. They had no reason to adapted and thus lost the ability to fly, because there where no predators except the natives. By Landon H. New Zelend Birds and why there Flightless. Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents That’s all folks! : That’s all folks! Thanks for reading our eBook! You could research your own if you want! Try these sites: http://www.sydney.visitorsbureau.com.au/attractions/sydney-opera-house.html http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215290/history.htm http://www.auinfo.com/Australia_Time_zones.asp http://australian-animals.net/plat.htm Click to go to next slide. Back to Table of Contents Credits : Credits Alexa, Andrew, Cameron, Dakota, Dylan, Emily, Ellee, Georgia, Greg, Kayla, Katlynn, Landon, Lane, Marina, Mariah, Maggie, Mitch, Morgan, Reed, Richard, Riley, Ryan, Zach Thanks to: Mrs.Karlson, Mrs.Johns Websites: Inman lab Bookmarks, Mrs. Harris I keep bookmarks Back to Table of Contents You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.