Historical Places in India : Submitted By…
D/BFT-AP/09/11 Historical Places in India Introduction : India is a land with a rich and varied history. Many different rulers, dynasties, and empires have fought over and controlled different parts of the Indian subcontinent during its eventful history. The various rulers and dynasties left behind their legacy in the form of grand monuments and buildings, in different historical places in India.
Most of India's cities have a history worth exploring, for the tales of the past are truly fascinating. The various monuments including palaces, forts, victory pillars and tombs in different historical places in India, tell glorious stories of India's fascinating history. Introduction Historical Places in India : The capital city of Delhi was originally the capital of the Tomara clan in the 11th century A.D and later it became the capital of the Mughals. The city has some of the famous historical monuments; out of which some were built by the Mughals and the Britishers. Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun's Tomb, Rashtrapati Bhawan, and Parliament House are the main monuments in Delhi, depicting its ancient history. Monuments of Prithviraj Chauhan, the Lodi Tombs, and the Siri Fort of Allauddin Khilji are some of the other monuments that you can see on your tour to Delhi.Neighboring Delhi is the city of Agra well known as the imperial capital of the Mughal Empire. City of Agra got its real grace during the reign of Shah Jahan. In 1631,the Mughal ruler built the beautiful mausoleum of Taj Mahal, in the memory of his consort Mumtaz Mahal. The monument is still an inspiration for true lovers. The historical city of Agra also has many other Mughal monuments like the Agra Fort, the tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah, and Akbar's fort at Sikandra. Historical Places in India Historical Places in India : The Royal state of Rajasthan offers many grand palaces and forts, which are part of the heritage of India. The capital city of Jaipur is one of the most visited historical places in India. The pink city was built by the astronomer King Sawaii Jai Singh in 1727 and endowed with grand palaces and magnificent forts. The Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Amber Fort and Jantar Mantar make Jaipur a must visit historical destination in India. The city of Jaisalmer is dotted with many magnificent golden fortresses, historic carved havelis, windswept sand dunes, and desert festivals, which depict the traditional culture of Rajasthan.Udaipur is popular for its lake palaces which are historic and architectural gems of Rajasthan.The city is a popular historical place in India. The majestic Mehrangarh Fort and Umaid Bhawan Palace represent the city of Jodhpur, which is known for its magnificent palaces. The city was previously the princely state of Marwar. Jodhpur is one of the historical places in India where history can be seen even today. Another city in Rajasthan famous for its history and unequalled sacrifice is the city of Chittorgarh; this historical place in India has seen many battles and acts of heroic sacrifice. Historical Places in India Slide 5: Aurangabad, located in Maharashtra on India's west coast was known for being the capital of the Tughlaq Empire during the reign of Muhammed-bin-Tughlaq.Devagiri Fort is a known historical monument situated in Aurangabad.The city is close to the cave temples of Ajanta and Ellora which form very important historical places in India. These Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu cave temples are marvels of Indian architecture, carved out of rock in the hills. Apart from all these historical places in Maharashtra, Mumbai city also has a rich history. The city has some remarkable colonial architecture and monuments including the Victoria Terminus. The city was originally inhabited by Koli fishermen and was later handed over to Britishers. Hyderabad, the imperial capital of the Nizams, is one of the known India historical places including the grand monuments of Charminar, Golconda Fort, the Qutab Shahi Tombs, and the Falaknuma Palace. History and modernity coexist in this city, where a mixture of religions, cultures, and architectural styles come together to create one of the most interesting historical places in India. Slide 6: Among the other historical places in India, the temples of Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh, Konarak in Orissa and Meenakshi temples in Madurai have their own significance. The Khajuraho Temples were built during the reign of the Chandella dynasty in the years 950 and 1050 A.D. The temples are recognized worldwide for the excellence of their sculptures and for the erotic carvings on the temple walls. The Khajuraho temples are one of the most visited and studied historical places in India. The magnificent sun temple of Konarak in Orissa was built in the 13th century. This historical monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an architectural marvel, in this historical place in Eastern India. The popular Meenashi Temple is situated in Madurai, which was at one time a busy port under Chola, Pandya, and Nayaka rulers. The city continues to be an important town in Tamil Nadu and one of the most fascinating historical places in India.Mahabalipuram is also an important historical place in South India, the city flourished as an artistic center of the Pallava dynasty. The main highlights of the city are the five chariot shaped temples or rathas, the shore temple and the carved depictions of episodes from the Mahabharata.Varanasi, one of the oldest cities in India is famous for its ceremonial Ghats, archaeological museum, and the many temples which make it a unique city where history is very much a part of daily life. Varanasi is one of the most important religious and historical places in India. Bodhagaya in Bihar is one of the known historical places in India, which has close association with Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Buddhist pilgrims from around the world, travel to the historical places in India associated with Buddha's life, including Bodhagaya, the site where Buddha gained enlightenment. Some of the Important Historical Places in India : Some of the Important Historical Places in India Qutub Minar : Qutub Minar About 15 km south of Delhi, in Mehrauli, this 238 feet and 1 inch high Minar has been referred to as "one of the wonders of world". This soaring tower of victory was built immediately after the defeat of the last Hindu Kingdom in Delhi. Qutb-ud-din Aibak laid its foundation in 1200 A.D. Iltutmish added three more storeys. After damaged by lightning in 1368 A.D. Firuz Shah Tughlaq rebuilt the fourth story, added the fifth and a harp shaped cupola. A doorway in each storey opens to its own balcony. As of now, upper storeys are closed for visitors, yet its a treat to watch this magnificent travelmasti monument. Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid, Iron Pillar and Alai Gateway are worth having a look. Taj Mahal : Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal looms fairytale-like from the banks of the Yamuna River. It's actually a tomb that contains the body of Mumtaz Mahal the wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He had it built as an ode to his love for her. Dating back to 1630 AD, the Taj Mahal is made out of marble and took 22 years and 20,000 workers to complete. One of the most captivating things about it is the way its color appears to gradually alter in the changing light of the day. Hampi : Hampi Now a laid back village, Hampi was once the last capital of Vijayanagar, one of the greatest Hindu empires in India’s history. It has some extremely captivating ruins, intriguingly intermingled with large boulders that rear up all over the landscape. The ruins, which date back to the 14th century, stretch for just over 25 kilometers (10 miles) and comprise more than 500 monuments. An incredible energy can be felt at this ancient place. Khajuraho Temples : Khajuraho Temples If one wants proof that the Kama Sutra originated in India, Khajuraho is the place to see. Erotica abounds here with over 20 temples devoted to sexuality and sex. The temples are best known for their erotic sculptures. However, more than that, they show a celebration of love, life and worship. They also provide an uninhibited peek into ancient Hindu faith and Tantric practices. No where else will you find such unique temples with meticulously detailed carvings. Ajanta and Ellora Caves : Ajanta and Ellora Caves Astonishingly carved into hillside rock in the middle of nowhere are the Ajanta and Ellora caves. There are 34 caves at Ellora dating from between the 6th and 11th centuries AD, and 29 caves at Ajanta dating back to between the 2nd century BC and 6th century AD. While the Ajanta caves are rich in paintings and sculpture, the Ellora caves are renowned for their extraordinary architecture. The most incredible thing about these caves is that they were crafted by hand, with only a hammer and chisel. Fatehpur Sikri : Fatehpur Sikri A city that was once the proud capital of the Mughal Empire in the 16th century, Fatehpur Sikri now stands deserted as a well preserved ghost town. It was abandoned by its occupants after only 15 years due to insufficient water supply. Constructed out of red sandstone, Fatehpur Sikri is full of regal palaces and courtyards. You can almost feel yourself being transported back to medieval times here. Mahabalipuram : Mahabalipuram This historic seaport on the Tamil Nadu coast, grew to become an artistic center of the Pallava dynasty during the reign of Narasimhavarman Pallava. The five chariot shaped temples or rathas, the shore temple and the carved depictions of episodes from the Mahabharata are artistic highlights of this historic place in South India. Thank You : Thank You