clinical examination /fixed orthodontic courses by IDA

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The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats. Indian dental academy provides dental crown & Bridge,rotary endodontics,fixed orthodontics, Dental implants courses.for details pls visit www.indiandentalacademy.com ,or call 0091-9248678078

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INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com www.indiandentalacademy.com CLINICAL EXAMINATION IN ORTHODONTICS

CONTENTS::

CONTENTS: Introduction Physical Status Extra oral examination Functional examination T.M.J Intra oral examination www.indiandentalacademy.com

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION The clinical examination comprises of the clinical assessment of the patient. An the observant clinician usually begins his clinical examination as soon as the patient enters the clinic. www.indiandentalacademy.com

Physical status :

Physical status Height & weight Clue to physical growth & maturation of the patient . b) The body physique is classified into Aesthetic – thin physic with narrow dental arches. Pletoric – obese with square dental arches Athletic – Normal built with normal dental arches www.indiandentalacademy.com

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c) Sheldon gave somatotyping of general body Build - Ectomorphic - Tall & thin - Mesomorphic -Average - Endomorphic -Short & fat www.indiandentalacademy.com

2.Extra Oral Examination:

2.Extra Oral Examination Shape of the head Mesocephalic Dolicocephalic Brachycephalic www.indiandentalacademy.com

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b) Facial form Mesoprosopic Euryprosopic Leptoprosopic www.indiandentalacademy.com

c) Facial Profile:

c) Facial Profile Straight ii) Convex iii)Concave www.indiandentalacademy.com

d) Facial divergence :

d) Facial divergence Anterior ii) posterior iii) Straight or Orthognathic www.indiandentalacademy.com

e) Clinical FMA :

e) Clinical FMA Assessed by studying the angle formed between the lower border of the mandible & FH plane. www.indiandentalacademy.com

f) Mento labial sulcus:

f) Mento labial sulcus www.indiandentalacademy.com

g) Nasolabial angle:

g) Nasolabial angle www.indiandentalacademy.com

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h) Lip length at philtrum : at corner of mouth: i) Inter labial gap ` j) Lip posture & tonicity k) Smile arc www.indiandentalacademy.com

3. FUNCTIONAL EXAMINATION:

3. FUNCTIONAL EXAMINATION Respiration Mastication Postural rest position Perioral muscle activity Amount of incisor exposure Degulition speech www.indiandentalacademy.com

4. T.M.J:

4. T.M.J Jaw function/TM jt. Complaint now Y/N History of pain Y/N – duration History of sound Y/N – duration TM joint tenderness on palpation Y/N Muscle www.indiandentalacademy.com

5. INTRAORAL EXAMINATION:

5. INTRAORAL EXAMINATION Soft tissues : Oral hygiene status Gingiva Brushing habit Position of Mucogingival junction Frenal attachment Upp/Low Tongue : size, shape, movements, posture. Oral mucosa www.indiandentalacademy.com

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Hard tissues: No. of teeth present : No. of unerupted teeth: Size, form of the teeth Texture Caries Endodontically treated Occlusal wear facets www.indiandentalacademy.com

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Maxillary arch: Shape : average/ ‘v’ shaped/ ‘u’ shaped/ square. Arch symmetry: Symmetrical / Asymmetrical Arch Alignment Relation of mandibular of maxillary arch: Maximum opening(incisal edges): Freeway space Curve of spee www.indiandentalacademy.com

Models in occlusion:

Models in occlusion AP PLANE RT SIDE LTSIDE MOLAR R’SHIP CANINE R’SHIP OVERJET ANT. CROSSBITE VERTICAL PLANE V) OPEN BITE-ANT -POST Vi) DEEPBITE I www.indiandentalacademy.com

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TRANSVERSE PLANE Vii) POST.CROSSBITE Viii) SCISSOR BITE www.indiandentalacademy.com

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Thank You www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

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