Surah 1- Al Fatiha

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Surah Al-Fathia:

Surah Al-Fathia Makki - Order in the Quran: 1 Revelation Order: 5 - No. of Ayas: 7

Name:

Name - This Surah is named Al-Fatiha because of its subject-matter. Fatihah is that which opens a subject or a book or any other thing. In other words, Al-Fatiha is a sort of preface [introduction or opening or preamble ].

Period of Revelation:

Period of Revelation Surah Al-Fatiha is one of the very earliest Revelations to the Holy Prophet [PBUH] Many authentic Traditions say that it was the first complete Surah which was revealed to Muhammed (PBUH). Before this, only a few miscellaneous verses were revealed which form parts of Surah Alaq, Muzzammil, Muddathir, etc.

Theme:

Theme This Surah is a prayer which Allah has taught to all those who want to make a study of his book- The Quran . It has been placed at the very beginning of the Holy Quran to teach this lesson to the reader: “if you sincerely want to benefit from the Quran, you should offer this prayer to the Lord of the Universe”. From this theme, it becomes clear that the real relation between Al-Fatiha and the Quran is not that of an introduction to a book but that of a prayer and its answer. Fatiha is the prayer from the servant and the Quran is the answer from the the Master to his prayer.

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The servant prays to Allah to show him guidance and the Master places the whole of the Quran before him in answer to his prayer. as if to say, "This is the Guidance you begged from Me."

Mercy means: - pity, - patience, and - forgiveness, all of which the sinner needs and Allah bestows in abundant measure. - The Grace flows from Allah to all His creatures, - protecting them, - preserving them, - guiding them, and - leading them to clearer light and higher life. :

In the name of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful. Mercy means: - pity, - patience, and - forgiveness, all of which the sinner needs and Allah bestows in abundant measure. - The Grace flows from Allah to all His creatures, - protecting them, - preserving them, - guiding them, and - leading them to clearer light and higher life.

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To make us remember these gifts of God: "In the name of God Most Gracious, Most Merciful": is placed before every Surah of the Quran (except the ninth ), and repeated at the beginning of every act by the Muslim who dedicates his life to God, and whose hope is in His Mercy.

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All the praises and thanks be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds [ Alamin ]( mankind, jinns and all that exists) There are > 250 billion galaxies in the universe, each consisting of >250 billion stars. Most stars have planets and most planets have satellites. Allah is the Lord of all .

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Speed of light =186,000 m/sec 925,000,000,000,000,000 Km Rabb [Lord]: Allah cares for all the worlds He has created.

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. Most Gracious (Beneficent) Most Merciful The Grace flows from Allah to all His creatures , protecting them, preserving them, guiding them, and leading them to clearer light and higher life. Due to His Grace and Mercy Allah gave us our Prophet Mohammad (PBUH).

Allah gave us a perfect body:

Allah gave us a perfect body Tonge Eyes Mouth Ears Heart Nose Sense Brain Ability to Digest Ability to excrete Ability to circulate

Allah created thousands and thousands of Living thing:

Allah created thousands and thousands of Living thing

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Allah created all the things we consume as food

All Grains are from Allah:

All Grains are from Allah

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All flowers are from Allah

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Master (Owner) of the Day of Judgment (Resurrection). On Yaum-ul-Qayama We all will have to answer Allah about every thing we did in this world

This Life:

This Life --- is like an examination hall. Every thing is being written for us. Good and bad we do, and on the Day of Resurrection, our deeds will be brought to us. All the acts of this World will determine our destination: --to Heaven, with Allah or --to Hell.

- Because of Allah's love and care, His Grace and Mercy, and His power and Justice (as Ruler of the Day of Judgment), we worship Him alone and ask for His help only. - For there is none other than He worthy of our devotion and no one is able to help us. :

- Because of Allah's love and care , His Grace and Mercy, and His power and Justice (as Ruler of the Day of Judgment), we worship Him alone and ask for His help only. - For there is none other than He worthy of our devotion and no one is able to help us. You (Alone) we worship and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and every thing).

We many be wandering aimlessly, and the first step is to find the Way; and the second is to keep in the right way. - For these we need Allah’s help. Our own wisdom may fail in either case. - The straight Way is often the narrow and difficult Way. - We must ask for Allah’s guidance. :

We many be wandering aimlessly, and the first step is to find the Way ; and the second is to keep in the right way . - For these we need Allah’s help . Our own wisdom may fail in either case. - The straight Way is often the narrow and difficult Way. - We must ask for Allah’s guidance. Show (show) us the Straight Way.

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The first are those who deliberately break Allah’s law ; The second are those who leave the right path out of carelessness or negligence. Both are responsible for their own acts or omissions . In opposition to both are the people who are in the light of Allah’s Grace and Allah will rewarded them. For Allah’s Grace not only protects them from active wrong, but also from taking the paths of temptation or carelessness. The way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace And not the way of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray.

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In response to this Dua Allah gave us the Holy Quran

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The Holy Quran A Revelation from the Lord of the Worlds.

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Had We sent down this Qur'an on a mountain verily thou would have seen it humble itself and cleave asunder for fear of Allah such are the similitude which We propound to men that they may reflect.[ Surah Al-Hashr 21] For the Quran Allah says:

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78 Surah An-Nabaa 79 Surah An-Nazi'at 80 Surah Abasa 81 Surah At-Takwir 82 Surah Al-Infitar 83 Surah Al-Mutaffifin 84 Surah Al-Inshiqaq 85 Surah Al-Buruj 86 Surah At-Tariq 87 Surah Al-A'la 88 Surah Al-Gashiya 89 Surah Al-Fajr 90 Surah Al-Balad 91 Surah Ash-Shams 92 Surah Al-Lail 93 Surah Adh-Dhuha 94 Surah Al-Sharh 95 Surah At-Tin 96 Surah Al-Alaq 97 Surah Al-Qadr 98 Surah Al-Baiyina 99 Surah Al-Zalzalah 100 Surah Al-Adiyat 101 Surah Al-Qari'a 102 Surah At-Takathur 103 Surah Al-Asr 104 Surah Al-Humaza 105 Surah Al-Fil 106 Surah Quraish 107 Surah Al-Ma'un 108 Surah Al-Kauthar 109 Surah Al-Kafirun 110 Surah An-Nasr 111 Surah Al-Lahab 112 Surah Al-Ikhlaas 113 Surah Al-Falaq 114 Surah An-Nas Juz 30: Juz Al Amm We will start with:

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