DRAW 01 Lesson 07 Angles (Angles) apple NAR2

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Tim Chambers continues his Drawing Essentials 1 course at Iguana Art Academy with a drawing lesson you may never had seen before. Tim shows you the secret of using angles and comparison to achieve highly accurate drawings! Even if you don't understand the principles of perspective, you can achieve three-dimensional scenes! Enjoy :)

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DRAWING ESSENTIALS Teacher: Timothy Chambers Lesson 07 Angles

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Welcome to Drawing Essentials! Are you an angler? If not, you will be after today’s class. Did you “ remember me ”? Was AS6 challenging and more difficult than you anticipated? Or is your visual memory sharp as a tack? I encourage you to practice memory drawing whenever and wherever you can. Today’s agenda: Art Life: on location with me at a portrait sitting. Review of memory drawing exercise Lesson : Angles: Essential Tool of the Artist Visit to IMOFA: angles galore await you! This week’s assignment , AS7: Guardian Angles

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As I’ve mentioned before, my favorite types of portraits are outdoor portraits. It allows me to combine what I love most: painting people and painting outdoors. Here I am working on what is called a “color study” for a portrait to honor a retired professor. It was only a Head & Shoulders, so no socks needed.  ART LIFE

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Here’s my palette. I love the colors I can achieve using oil paint. Instead of using a brush I am using a palette knife. It takes some getting used to, but it is much quicker to clean than a brush, and this comes in handy when you’re working fast in the summer heat. ART LIFE

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…and the completed portrait. ART LIFE Craven Williams By Timothy Chambers 24”x20” Oil on linen

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Memory drawing is simple, yet it yields great rewards to you as an artist. It’ll help you in other areas of your life as well, as you’ll develop sharper memory and observation. The gist of the exercise is this: you look intently at your subject, look away, and draw what you saw… without looking at your subject while drawing . You look for clues in the shapes, angles, proportions, and locations of your object(s), recording them to memory. The more you pay attention, the better your drawing. Observe > Draw > Repeat = Improved drawings  REVIEW: MEMORY DRAWING

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Ask and observe examples: How far is the edge of the mug from the vertical line? That little dip on the Krispy Kreme logo- where is it compared to the gridlines? How close is the cloth to the gridline? How far is the top of the mug to the top edge of the photo? What is the angle of the mug? Straight up and down? Almost? What is the angle of the sides of the Krispy Kreme logo?

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You will draw what you remember . This exercise increases your sensitivity to your subject, which is essential for an artist.

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LESSON:

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an·gler /ˈ aNGglər / noun: a person who fishes with a rod and line: “a carp angler” noun: an artist who uses angles and their positions to create an accurate drawing. We’ll go with definition #2. Ready to be an angler? LESSON: ANGLES

ANGLES:

ANGLES We’ve been learning all along tools required of good draftsmanship: 1) values, 2) mass, 3) shading, and 4) a good memory. This week we’re going to learn another great tool: angles . Much of drawing is putting things in their right place . Really that’s the crux of it all. Just as a doctor has her tools (x-rays, stethoscopes, etc.) to make good decisions, artists have theirs. Unlike a doctor’s tools, our tool for the day is hardly expensive. A long pencil is all you need to see angles. So grab your pencils and let me show you how to use your pencil to make you an angler.

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Seeing angles is a tool that can not only make your drawings look good, but they can save you a lot of time studying and trying to understand perspective . For hundreds of years artists tried to create a sense of space, making things recede into the distance, but not quite getting it, as you can see here. Reconstruction_of_the Temple_of_Jerusalem , 15 th c. Old St Paul's Cathedral, 1614

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Here are a couple more attempts by artist Giovanni di Paolo in the mid 15 th century. Close, and beautiful, but not quite accurate. Notice that all the people are the same size, despite being farther away (going back in distance). St Jerome Appearing to St Augustine, 1456 Paradise, 1445

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It wasn’t until the 1500’s during the Renaissance in Italy that artists began to explore and understand the use of perspective. It was Florentine architect Fillipo Brunelleschi who first used it. Raphael used 1-point perspective in this painting. Raphael, School of Athens, 1508

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I’ll be teaching you how you can achieve accurate perspective in your drawings without mathematics, engineering, or building a contraption like Albrecht Durer’s (though, it does look like a pretty cool contraption, if you ask me). Albrecht Durer , Perspective Machine, 1538

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Instead of establishing vanishing points and drawing objects in one-, two- or three-point perspective, as shown below, you’ll be able to use angles. You’re gonna’ be an angler before class is over.

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Q : What is the purpose of seeing angles? A : To help us place an object in the right position. We can compare an edge’s position to a vertical or horizontal line. To draw these pictures, you could study perspective , but you don’t need to…if you know how to see angles. Grab a long pencil. Let’s compare the angles in the following pictures…

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Looking at the images I’ll be showing you, I want you to close one eye, hold your pencil out in front of you, line it up with your object, rotating it to match the angle of what I point to. I’m holding my brush vertically, horizontally, and obliquely . Vertical comparison Horizontal comparison Oblique comparison Always look past your pencil/brush with one eye closed!

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When using your pencil (or brush, knitting needle, shish-kabob stick, etc.) to check angles, follow these steps: Extend your arm out straight Close one eye Look with the open eye to compare angles in your subject to your artwork.

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Take your pencil and compare, as I’m doing below, to see what oblique angles you find. Remember, close one eye and look w the other…

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How about straight up and down (vertical) edges? Is the stable straight? How about the fence posts? Horizontal, vertical, and 45° are your standard.

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Now try seeing how things compare to a level horizontal line. For example, take note of how much the fence deviates from being perfectly level.

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Use your pencil to compare the angles of your object to the angles in your drawing. You see here that first I looked at my object, then at my painting. I’m comparing.

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Okay…what’s next? NOW…you take what you’ve seen and apply it to your drawing. As you lay in your sketch, compare your angles against what you’re observing.

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Compare the angles- horizontal, vertical, and oblique- you see in your subject with your drawing. If they don’t ‘match’ then adjust your drawing (easier than adjusting the barn). See how I am comparing my subject with my drawing?

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How do the angles of the blocks compare in this study? Is there a perfect 45° angle? ~ Painting by Catherine Law~

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A bit more challenging- let’s try seeing the angles in this still-life painting… Painting by Sebastian Capella , a former teacher of mine.

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How would you now capture the angles like Gustave Caillebotte did in his painting La Place de l'Europe ?

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Are you getting the hang of it? If so, you’re the owner of a great tool. And on your way to being a great angler! You can use a pencil, a brush, a piece of charcoal, a knitting needle, a shish-kabob stick, a…well, you get the idea!

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Good lesson. Let’s walk down to our favorite museum. While enjoying the paintings, try and see the different angles. Ask yourself “How much does that edge vary from being totally straight horizontally or vertically, or from a 45° angle?” You can learn a LOT studying the masters when you visit a museum. You can walk out of a museum a better artist…if you study and use your mind while viewing the great works of the masters. IMOFA

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Andrew Wyeth- Wind from the Sea, 1948

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Leonardo da Vinci- Last Supper, 1494-1498

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Joaquin Sorolla- Beaching the Bou , 1903

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Winslow Homer- Breezing Up, 1876

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Edgar Degas- Star Ballet , 1878

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Frans Cuyck van Myerop Trope - L'Oil w Dead Birds, 1689

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John Singer Sergent - Oxen in Repose

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Henry Hensche - Still-life

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Margaret Mcwethy - Oh Pears Exclamark

A few drawing tips::

A few drawing tips: Use an H pencil for your initial sketch so that your sketch is light , not staining the paper. For a finer, stronger line, use a sharpened pencil. For a soft, weaker line, a dull point serves well. Holding your arm straight out, elbow not bent, is essential when comparing things. Compare angles to straight up, horizontal, and 45°. See how much an angle deviates from these. If shading, use a 6B for shading, and save your darkest shades for where it’s needed. Hold the pencil at the opposite end from the drawing tip for more control. Ask yourself “Where are my darkest and lightest shades in what I’m drawing?” Avoid erasing; You can go back over your pencil to lighten your drawing with your kneaded eraser. Just remember to press , don’t rub, it on the paper. Also roll a point on it for precision erasing. Dancer Adjusting Her Slipper by Edgar Degas 1873

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Assignment:

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Demo Let’s walk through an example:

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Let’s walk through an example: Demo

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Let’s walk through an example: Demo

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Let’s walk through an example: Demo

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Let’s walk through an example: Demo

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Keep it simple…just follow these steps: 1. Sketch in the big shapes. 2. Get the big angles. 3. Mark the shadow angles. 4. Shade in the big shadows. 5. Shade, compare values. 6. Get final values, darks. Demo

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Assignment Goals : to identify angles and their relationship to each other. Materials needed : 4H & 6B pencils, sharpener, sketchbook/paper, scene and/or attached print. AS7 Guidelines: You have the choice of drawing from life or using one of the photos provided by me. Do the drawing approximately 8” x 10”. No tracing! From life: Find something that gives you the opportunity to show what you learned about angles in a nice drawing. Could be a room, porch, still-life, a landscape. From a photo: Select your favorite master paintingI have provided and set your print or monitor 2-3’ away from you. Crop/compose similar to the original painting. Lay-in your drawing by lightly (w 4H) sketching where you think the big shapes should go. Develop the drawing as much as you want , but you’re only required to do a careful line sketch, as the focus is on recording the angles you see. Experienced students can use this as an opportunity to produce a nice drawing featuring good shading, values, masses, and edges. Continued… AS 7 : Guardian Angle

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AS7 Guidelines continued : Review. Step away from your drawing, then come back and see if there's anything that jumps out to you as being 'off'. Get someone else’s opinion, too. Shoot/Scan and edit your sketch as described in the Photographing your Assignments in the FAQ section in Student Resources. Before submitting your image, edit it so it looks as good as your drawing. You can use www.picmonkey.com to edit it. Save your edited image as a jpg image only, naming it exactly as “FirstName-LastName,AS7” (e.g. “Tim-Chambers,AS7”). Remember to save only in jpg or png format. Hand in at drop box by Sunday evening. Remember to complete the lesson and lesson assignment each week in order to keep pace with the class. Doing so will keep you in sync in the IAG so you receive helpful and encouraging feedback from classmates! You can always go back and review previous lessons. AS 7 : Guardian Angle

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DRAWING ESSENTIALS Teacher: Timothy Chambers End of Lesson 07

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