Four Common Types of Chronic Pain and Treatment Methods

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The article discusses four common types of chronic pain and treatment options available in multispecialty healthcare centers.

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Four Common Types of Chronic Pain and Treatment Methods The article discusses four common types of chronic pain and treatment options available in multispecialty healthcare centers. According to the American Academy of Pain Medicine chronic pain is the most common cause of long- term disability in the Unites States affecting about 100 million Americans. Chronic pain can limit mobility reduce a person’s ability to perform daily activities and affect quality of life. Chronic pain is defined as any type of pain which lasts for more than 12 weeks. In leading healthcare centers in Brooklyn NYC skilled pain management experts develop personalized treatment plans to the specific needs of individual patients. Chronic pain can be the result of an injury or damaged tissue or even occur without any prior injury. It can range from mild to severe presenting as a dull ache burning and shooting pain soreness or stiffness. Patients also report a feeling of tiredness weakness lack of energy and trouble sleeping. The main causes of chronic pain are -  Musculoskeletal injuries involving the bones muscles or joints  Past surgeries  Fibromyalgia  Nerve damage  Migraines and headaches 718 769-2521 www.hqbk.com

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 Back problems  Arthritis  TMJ disorders temporomandibular joint dysfunction  Chronic fatigue syndrome  Infections  Obesity  Other autoimmune disorders Common Types of Chronic Pain The four most common types of chronic pain are - Chronic Back Pain - Back pain is a widespread problem affecting most people at some point in their lives. The pain can range from persistent dull ache to a sudden sharp pain. Factors directly contributing to this condition include muscle or ligament strain bulging/ruptured disc skeletal irregularities and injury to the bones or spine. Incorrect posture strenuous activities and various medical conditions can also cause debilitating back pain. Chronic Joint Pain - This condition affects over 51 million Americans or roughly one in every two adults. Discomfort can arise in any of the body’s joints. Common causes of joint pain include arthritis bursitis or inflammation of the cushioning pads around joints joint injury and overuse and infections of the bone. Chronic Nerve Pain - Nerve pain also called neuralgia refers to pain that originates from the peripheral and/or central nervous system. It often occurs when the nerve being trapped damaged or compressed due to some other conditions affecting the nerves. The condition can be caused by a variety of reasons - injury inflammation compression of the nerve by adjacent structures and numerous conditions including arthritis. Previous surgeries can also be a cause of nerve pain. Chronic Headache - A chronic headache is one that occurs at least 15 days a month for no less than three consecutive months. The condition can be triggered by a variety of factors such as stress depression lack of sleep anxiety vision problems minor head injury and sinus infections. The most common types of chronic headache are migraine tension headaches cluster headaches and eye strain headaches. How is Chronic Pain Treated The treatment methods for this condition mainly depend on the severity and frequency of pain which may differ among individuals. Brooklyn pain management doctors create customized pain management 718 769-2521 www.hqbk.com

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plans specific to each person based on their individual symptoms and other underlying health conditions. A combination of modalities are used to treat chronic pain. ✓ Medications - Medications include - • Over-the-counter pain relievers including acetaminophen Tylenol or nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drugs NSAIDs such as aspirin Bufferin or ibuprofen Advil • Opioid pain relievers including morphine MS Contin codeine and hydrocodone Tussigon • Adjuvant analgesics such as antidepressants and anticonvulsants ✓ Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation TENS - TENS uses low-voltage electric stimulation interacts with the sensory nervous system and reduces pain. ✓ Physical therapy - Physical therapy involves therapeutic exercises such as gentle stretching strengthening stabilization and aerobic exercises that increase joint strength and improve mobility and function. ✓ Ice or heat therapy - Applying ice packs reduces inflammation and heat application loosens tissues to stimulate blood flow to the area. ✓ Trigger point injections - Painful areas of muscle contain knots of muscle that form when muscles do not relax known as trigger points. Trigger point injections may be an anesthetic a mixture of anesthetics or a corticosteroid which will work make the trigger point inactive and alleviate the pain. There is no permanent cure for chronic pain but the condition can be effectively managed by appropriate and timely treatment. Various factors such as how long the patient has suffered the pain the severity of the pain and individual needs and preferences will be taken into consideration during the treatment process. Simple lifestyle changes can help manage chronic pain. Eat a healthy diet stay physically active and maintain a healthy weight. For joint pain practice proper body mechanics like maintaining good body posture and lifting objects in a proper way. Learn relaxation techniques reduce stress and get enough sleep. 718 769-2521 www.hqbk.com

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