Use of Teaching aids in Geography

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It is useful to know which teaching aids are useful to teach Geography, especially in school.

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Teaching aids in Geography:

Teaching aids in Geography S.G.Isave, Asst. Professor, Tilak College of Education, Pune-India

Map:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 2 Map Graphic representation, drawn to scale and usually on a flat surface, of features—usually geographic, geologic, or geopolitical—of an area of the Earth or of any celestial body. Elements – title, subtitle, index, direction, scale etc.

Use of Physical Map:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 3 Use of Physical Map To show – Location. Landforms – mountains, plateau, plains, depression etc. Water bodies – Ocean, sea, rivers, lakes. To explain the relation of climate and physiography of a particular location.

Use of Physical Map:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 4 Use of Physical Map To Explain – Temperature Rainfall Winds Human life Vegetation

Use of Political Map:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 5 Use of Political Map To show – Boundaries – local to international. Villages, Cities and capitals. Ways – railways, roadways, airways, waterways. Location

Graph:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 6 Graph Visual representation of a data set or a mathematical equation , inequality , or function to show relationships or tendencies that these formulas can only suggest symbolically and abstractly.

Types of Graph:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 7 Types of Graph Bar Line Pie Chart

Use of Graph:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 8 Use of Graph To show climatic data – temperature, rainfall, humidity. To show demographic data – population growth, birth rate, censuses, gender wise, age wise etc. Production – crops, minerals, machineries etc Natural resources – trees, animals etc. To show changing or static data.

Pie Chart:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 9 Pie Chart A circular chart divided into triangular areas proportional to the percentages of the whole.

Use of Pie Chart:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 10 Use of Pie Chart To show comparative proportion in a particular area - Natural resources – soil, gas, land-water, vegetation, animals, minerals etc. Human occupation, production of things etc. Demographic features.

Model :

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 11 Model Miniature representation of something. A hypothetical description of a complex entity or process. Small scale imitation of real and imaginary things.

Use of Model:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 12 Use of Model Eclipses Volcano Movement of earth surface Work of natural agents- wind, water etc. Dam Human settlement.

Sample :

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 13 Sample Small amount with same attributes. Use – Crop, soil, rock, food, instruments

Television :

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 14 Television TV channels – Discovery, Nat Geo, Animal Planet. Kids channels. Interactive channels.

Movie:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 15 Movie Geographical Content in a Story. e.g.- Volcano, Armageddon, Deep Impact, 2012 Geographical Location, Physical Features, Vegetation, Human Life etc. e.g.- Vertical Limit(K-2), Don-new (Malaysia), Krrish (Singapore), Lord of Rings (New Zeland), Bond Movies (World), local Movies for Local Geography.

PowerPoint Presentation:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 16

Off line – :

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 17 Off line – Software – 3D quack, Stellarium, Simulation of geographical phenomena, spreadsheet, encyclopaedia etc. Educational CDs - Curriculum based, knowledge based. CAI

Online ( Internet ):

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 18 Online ( Internet ) Geographical Web sites. Social Networking sites. Google earth, Google maps. You Tube Videos. Photo Sharing sites- panoramio, flicker, picasa etc. Images, Articles, Documents, Graphs, Facts and Figures

Download, improve, use and Feedback !:

07/01/2012 sgisave@gmail.com 19 Download, improve, use and Feedback !