Teaching aids in Geography: Teaching aids in Geography S.G.Isave, Asst. Professor, Tilak College of Education, Pune-India Map: 07/01/2012 email@example.com 2 Map Graphic representation, drawn to scale and usually on a flat surface, of features—usually geographic, geologic, or geopolitical—of an area of the Earth or of any celestial body. Elements – title, subtitle, index, direction, scale etc. Use of Physical Map: 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 3 Use of Physical Map To show – Location. Landforms – mountains, plateau, plains, depression etc. Water bodies – Ocean, sea, rivers, lakes. To explain the relation of climate and physiography of a particular location. Use of Physical Map: 07/01/2012 email@example.com 4 Use of Physical Map To Explain – Temperature Rainfall Winds Human life Vegetation Use of Political Map: 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 5 Use of Political Map To show – Boundaries – local to international. Villages, Cities and capitals. Ways – railways, roadways, airways, waterways. Location Graph: 07/01/2012 email@example.com 6 Graph Visual representation of a data set or a mathematical equation , inequality , or function to show relationships or tendencies that these formulas can only suggest symbolically and abstractly. Types of Graph: 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 7 Types of Graph Bar Line Pie Chart Use of Graph: 07/01/2012 email@example.com 8 Use of Graph To show climatic data – temperature, rainfall, humidity. To show demographic data – population growth, birth rate, censuses, gender wise, age wise etc. Production – crops, minerals, machineries etc Natural resources – trees, animals etc. To show changing or static data. Pie Chart: 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 9 Pie Chart A circular chart divided into triangular areas proportional to the percentages of the whole. Use of Pie Chart: 07/01/2012 email@example.com 10 Use of Pie Chart To show comparative proportion in a particular area - Natural resources – soil, gas, land-water, vegetation, animals, minerals etc. Human occupation, production of things etc. Demographic features. Model : 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 11 Model Miniature representation of something. A hypothetical description of a complex entity or process. Small scale imitation of real and imaginary things. Use of Model: 07/01/2012 email@example.com 12 Use of Model Eclipses Volcano Movement of earth surface Work of natural agents- wind, water etc. Dam Human settlement. Sample : 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 13 Sample Small amount with same attributes. Use – Crop, soil, rock, food, instruments Television : 07/01/2012 email@example.com 14 Television TV channels – Discovery, Nat Geo, Animal Planet. Kids channels. Interactive channels. Movie: 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 15 Movie Geographical Content in a Story. e.g.- Volcano, Armageddon, Deep Impact, 2012 Geographical Location, Physical Features, Vegetation, Human Life etc. e.g.- Vertical Limit(K-2), Don-new (Malaysia), Krrish (Singapore), Lord of Rings (New Zeland), Bond Movies (World), local Movies for Local Geography. PowerPoint Presentation: 07/01/2012 email@example.com 16 Off line – : 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 17 Off line – Software – 3D quack, Stellarium, Simulation of geographical phenomena, spreadsheet, encyclopaedia etc. Educational CDs - Curriculum based, knowledge based. CAI Online ( Internet ): 07/01/2012 email@example.com 18 Online ( Internet ) Geographical Web sites. Social Networking sites. Google earth, Google maps. You Tube Videos. Photo Sharing sites- panoramio, flicker, picasa etc. Images, Articles, Documents, Graphs, Facts and Figures Download, improve, use and Feedback !: 07/01/2012 firstname.lastname@example.org 19 Download, improve, use and Feedback !