1TLM1U1d Search engines and basic search techniques

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Web search engines Web directories Meta-search engines Portals Specialised search engines Visual search engines What is a Search Engine? There is so much information on the Internet that most of the time you will not know where to start finding the information that will be relevant to you. Search engines help you to make sense and find relevant information from the millions of pages on any specific topic. They analyse your search word or phrase and present you with a collection of relevant websites. These websites are chosen by the search engine according to specific algorithms which are unique to every search engine. Search tools Apart from traditional search engines there are various search tools that you can use to search for relevant information. Click on each tab to see a description and examples. There are many ways to search the hidden web. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Web search engines Web directories Meta-search engines Portals Specialised search engines Visual search engines What is a Search Engine? There is so much information on the Internet that most of the time you will not know where to start finding the information that will be relevant to you. Search engines help you to make sense and find relevant information from the millions of pages on any specific topic. They analyse your search word or phrase and present you with a collection of relevant websites. These websites are chosen by the search engine according to specific algorithms which are unique to every search engine. Search tools Apart from traditional search engines there are various search tools that you can use to search for relevant information. Click on each tab to see a description and examples. Web search engines These search engines gather information from all over the web using special robots called web spiders that crawl the Web and index all pages and links on every page. They use page ranking and mathematical algorithms to determine search results. Indexing Web crawling Search algorithms Search Results There are many ways to search the hidden web. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Web search engines Web directories Meta-search engines Portals Specialised search engines Visual search engines What is a Search Engine? There is so much information on the Internet that most of the time you will not know where to start finding the information that will be relevant to you. Search engines help you to make sense and find relevant information from the millions of pages on any specific topic. They analyse your search word or phrase and present you with a collection of relevant websites. These websites are chosen by the search engine according to specific algorithms which are unique to every search engine. Search tools Apart from traditional search engines there are various search tools that you can use to search for relevant information. Click on each tab to see a description and examples. Directories Directories are search engines that depend on manual human interaction to submit sites and pages to their databases from where they are categorised by editors. Search results depend on how they are catagorised. Categorising Submission Search database Search Results There are many ways to search the hidden web. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Web search engines Web directories Meta-search engines Portals Specialised search engines Visual search engines What is a Search Engine? There is so much information on the Internet that most of the time you will not know where to start finding the information that will be relevant to you. Search engines help you to make sense and find relevant information from the millions of pages on any specific topic. They analyse your search word or phrase and present you with a collection of relevant websites. These websites are chosen by the search engine according to specific algorithms which are unique to every search engine. Search tools Apart from traditional search engines there are various search tools that you can use to search for relevant information. Click on each tab to see a description and examples. Meta-search engines These are search engines that combine a number of search engines and directories into one search engine so that you are in effect searching more than one search engine at the same time. Search other search engines Search Results Search algorithms There are many ways to search the hidden web. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Web search engines Web directories Meta-search engines Portals Specialised search engines Visual search engines What is a Search Engine? There is so much information on the Internet that most of the time you will not know where to start finding the information that will be relevant to you. Search engines help you to make sense and find relevant information from the millions of pages on any specific topic. They analyse your search word or phrase and present you with a collection of relevant websites. These websites are chosen by the search engine according to specific algorithms which are unique to every search engine. Search tools Apart from traditional search engines there are various search tools that you can use to search for relevant information. Click on each tab to see a description and examples. Portals Portals are strictly speaking not a search engine, but a site that is dedicated to specific topics and collects links to sites related to the portal topic. It functions as a point of access or gateway to specific information on the Internet . It is usually created by human effort using submission forms or manually created links. It is also usually supported by a searchable database. Categories Search Results Content management system Submissions There are many ways to search the hidden web. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Web search engines Web directories Meta-search engines Portals Specialised search engines Visual search engines What is a Search Engine? There is so much information on the Internet that most of the time you will not know where to start finding the information that will be relevant to you. Search engines help you to make sense and find relevant information from the millions of pages on any specific topic. They analyse your search word or phrase and present you with a collection of relevant websites. These websites are chosen by the search engine according to specific algorithms which are unique to every search engine. Search tools Apart from traditional search engines there are various search tools that you can use to search for relevant information. Click on each tab to see a description and examples. Specialised search engines These search engines usually revolve around specific topics . They mainly source their results from existing search engines and can provide additional functionality for the user. Some examples of these kinds of search engines are news search engines and social media search engines that search blogs and social networks. Search Results Content aggregation Search other search engines for specific info There are many ways to search the hidden web. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Web search engines Web directories Meta-search engines Portals Specialised search engines Visual search engines What is a Search Engine? There is so much information on the Internet that most of the time you will not know where to start finding the information that will be relevant to you. Search engines help you to make sense and find relevant information from the millions of pages on any specific topic. They analyse your search word or phrase and present you with a collection of relevant websites. These websites are chosen by the search engine according to specific algorithms which are unique to every search engine. Search tools Apart from traditional search engines there are various search tools that you can use to search for relevant information. Click on each tab to see a description and examples. Visual search engines These search engines source their content from other search engines and directories, concentrating on representing the search results in a visual way. Search Results Visual Content aggregation Search other search engines There are many ways to search the hidden web. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Navigation To navigate between the search result pages, scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on next or a page number. It will take you to the next results page. To return from a searched site location, use your forward and back navigation buttons in your navigation bar. Google search engine layout and navigation When you search for information, words or phrases using a search engine, it will present you with a page of linked websites. By clicking on a chosen link (the blue underlined text), you will be taken to the relevant site. If you made a typing error, Google will offer you a search link to the correct spelling. You will also notice some sponsored results which means that the website owners paid for their sites to be displayed at the top or side of the results window. By adding these “paid for” sites to your search results, search engines can offer their search facilities for free. You can restrict your search to images, maps or news and even translate the page results into 52 different languages. You also have a choice (click on Show options ) to activate a side bar which allows you to refine your search to search in specific places for specific items or according to when the site was published or updated. Every linked site gives you the choice to view a cached version from your computer browser history or view similar sites. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Google search engine layout and navigation When you search for information, words or phrases using a search engine, it will present you with a page of linked websites. By clicking on a chosen link (the blue underlined text), you will be taken to the relevant site. If you made a typing error, Google will offer you a search link to the correct spelling. You will also notice some sponsored results which means that the website owners paid for their sites to be displayed at the top or side of the results window. By adding these “paid for” sites to your search results, search engines can offer their search facilities for free. You can restrict your search to images, maps or news and even translate the page results into 52 different languages. You also have a choice (click on Show options ) to activate a side bar which allows you to refine your search to search in specific places for specific items or according to when the site was published or updated. Every linked site gives you the choice to view a cached version from your computer browser history or view similar sites. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively Navigation To navigate between the search result pages, scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on next or a page number. It will take you to the next results page. To return from a searched site location, use your forward and back navigation buttons in your navigation bar.

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Google search engine layout and navigation When you search for information, words or phrases using a search engine, it will present you with a page of linked websites. By clicking on a chosen link (the blue underlined text), you will be taken to the relevant site. If you made a typing error, Google will offer you a search link to the correct spelling. You will also notice some sponsored results which means that the website owners paid for their sites to be displayed at the top or side of the results window. By adding these “paid for” sites to your search results, search engines can offer their search facilities for free. You can restrict your search to images, maps or news and even translate the page results into 52 different languages. You also have a choice (click on Show options ) to activate a side bar which allows you to refine your search to search in specific places for specific items or according to when the site was published or updated. Every linked site gives you the choice to view a cached version from your computer browser history or view similar sites. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively Navigation To navigate between the search result pages, scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on next or a page number. It will take you to the next results page. To return from a searched site location, use your forward and back navigation buttons in your navigation bar.

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Google search engine layout and navigation When you search for information, words or phrases using a search engine, it will present you with a page of linked websites. By clicking on a chosen link (the blue underlined text), you will be taken to the relevant site. If you made a typing error, Google will offer you a search link to the correct spelling. You will also notice some sponsored results which means that the website owners paid for their sites to be displayed at the top or side of the results window. By adding these “paid for” sites to your search results, search engines can offer their search facilities for free. You can restrict your search to images, maps or news and even translate the page results into 52 different languages. You also have a choice (click on Show options ) to activate a side bar which allows you to refine your search to search in specific places for specific items or according to when the site was published or updated. Every linked site gives you the choice to view a cached version from your computer browser history or view similar sites. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively Navigation To navigate between the search result pages, scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on next or a page number. It will take you to the next results page. To return from a searched site location, use your forward and back navigation buttons in your navigation bar.

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Google search engine layout and navigation When you search for information, words or phrases using a search engine, it will present you with a page of linked websites. By clicking on a chosen link (the blue underlined text), you will be taken to the relevant site. If you made a typing error, Google will offer you a search link to the correct spelling. You will also notice some sponsored results which means that the website owners paid for their sites to be displayed at the top or side of the results window. By adding these “paid for” sites to your search results, search engines can offer their search facilities for free. You can restrict your search to images, maps or news and even translate the page results into 52 different languages. You also have a choice (click on Show options ) to activate a side bar which allows you to refine your search to search in specific places for specific items or according to when the site was published or updated. Every linked site gives you the choice to view a cached version from your computer browser history or view similar sites. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively Navigation To navigate between the search result pages, scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on next or a page number. It will take you to the next results page. To return from a searched site location, use your forward and back navigation buttons in your navigation bar.

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Where When Google search engine layout and navigation When you search for information, words or phrases using a search engine, it will present you with a page of linked websites. By clicking on a chosen link (the blue underlined text), you will be taken to the relevant site. If you made a typing error, Google will offer you a search link to the correct spelling. You will also notice some sponsored results which means that the website owners paid for their sites to be displayed at the top or side of the results window. By adding these “paid for” sites to your search results, search engines can offer their search facilities for free. You can restrict your search to images, maps or news and even translate the page results into 52 different languages. You also have a choice (click on Show options ) to activate a side bar which allows you to refine your search to search in specific places for specific items or according to when the site was published or updated. Every linked site gives you the choice to view a cached version from your computer browser history or view similar sites. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively Navigation To navigate between the search result pages, scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on next or a page number. It will take you to the next results page. To return from a searched site location, use your forward and back navigation buttons in your navigation bar.

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Google search engine layout and navigation When you search for information, words or phrases using a search engine, it will present you with a page of linked websites. By clicking on a chosen link (the blue underlined text), you will be taken to the relevant site. If you made a typing error, Google will offer you a search link to the correct spelling. You will also notice some sponsored results which means that the website owners paid for their sites to be displayed at the top or side of the results window. By adding these “paid for” sites to your search results, search engines can offer their search facilities for free. You can restrict your search to images, maps or news and even translate the page results into 52 different languages. You also have a choice (click on Show options ) to activate a side bar which allows you to refine your search to search in specific places for specific items or according to when the site was published or updated. Every linked site gives you the choice to view a cached version from your computer browser history or view similar sites. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively Navigation To navigate between the search result pages, scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on next or a page number. It will take you to the next results page. To return from a searched site location, use your forward and back navigation buttons in your navigation bar.

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Try to think of words that will only appear in relevant documents. Don’t be vague! Activity You want to go on a mountain climbing expedition in Nepal and want to source information to help you plan your trip. . Open your browser and search engine of choice and search using the following keywords/phrases: Mountain Mountain climbing “mountain climbing” “Mountain climbing ”+ Nepal Note how many results you get and their relevance to your search. Doing a basic search To do a search is as easy as typing a search word or phrase into the search bar and pressing <Enter> or clicking on the Google Search button. This might sound simple, but there is much more to it if you would like to have search results that are relevant to you. The relevance of the search results depends on how well you have phrased your search. If you do not construct your search wording carefully, you may end up with millions of irrelevant results. It is always a good idea to make your search as exact as possible , thinking about what information it is you are really seeking. Searching for the keyword “food” when looking for a recipe, might be far too vague. It would be better to search for a “vegetarian lasagna recipe” if you want a reasonable search result. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Try to think of words that will only appear in relevant documents. Don’t be vague! Activity You want to go on a mountain climbing expedition in Nepal and want to source information to help you plan your trip. . Open your browser and search engine of choice and search using the following keywords/phrases: Mountain Mountain climbing “mountain climbing” “Mountain climbing ”+ Nepal Note how many results you get and their relevance to your search. food Doing a basic search To do a search is as easy as typing a search word or phrase into the search bar and pressing <Enter> or clicking on the Google Search button. This might sound simple, but there is much more to it if you would like to have search results that are relevant to you. The relevance of the search results depends on how well you have phrased your search. If you do not construct your search wording carefully, you may end up with millions of irrelevant results. It is always a good idea to make your search as exact as possible , thinking about what information it is you are really seeking. Searching for the keyword “food” when looking for a recipe, might be far too vague. It would be better to search for a “vegetarian lasagna recipe” if you want a reasonable search result. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Try to think of words that will only appear in relevant documents. Don’t be vague! Activity You want to go on a mountain climbing expedition in Nepal and want to source information to help you plan your trip. . Open your browser and search engine of choice and search using the following keywords/phrases: Mountain Mountain climbing “mountain climbing” “Mountain climbing ”+ Nepal Note how many results you get and their relevance to your search. food Mountain: gives about 268 000 000 possible sites. Shows sites that contain the word “mountain”. Unless you want to have a broad overview of your search topic, or just want to generally see what the top sites in a specific area of interest are, using a single search word usually does not yield good search results. mountain Doing a basic search To do a search is as easy as typing a search word or phrase into the search bar and pressing <Enter> or clicking on the Google Search button. This might sound simple, but there is much more to it if you would like to have search results that are relevant to you. The relevance of the search results depends on how well you have phrased your search. If you do not construct your search wording carefully, you may end up with millions of irrelevant results. It is always a good idea to make your search as exact as possible , thinking about what information it is you are really seeking. Searching for the keyword “food” when looking for a recipe, might be far too vague. It would be better to search for a “vegetarian lasagna recipe” if you want a reasonable search result. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Try to think of words that will only appear in relevant documents. Don’t be vague! Activity You want to go on a mountain climbing expedition in Nepal and want to source information to help you plan your trip. . Open your browser and search engine of choice and search using the following keywords/phrases: Mountain Mountain climbing “mountain climbing” “Mountain climbing ”+ Nepal Note how many results you get and their relevance to your search. food mountain climbing : gives about 9 230 000 possible sites. It has narrowed it down significantly to sites that contain the words “mountain” and “climbing” anywhere on the page. Narrowing your search down to your interest area by using a two word phrase is a good idea, but it might still not show you what you want. Two random words on a page seldom provide meaningful results. Mountain climbing Doing a basic search To do a search is as easy as typing a search word or phrase into the search bar and pressing <Enter> or clicking on the Google Search button. This might sound simple, but there is much more to it if you would like to have search results that are relevant to you. The relevance of the search results depends on how well you have phrased your search. If you do not construct your search wording carefully, you may end up with millions of irrelevant results. It is always a good idea to make your search as exact as possible , thinking about what information it is you are really seeking. Searching for the keyword “food” when looking for a recipe, might be far too vague. It would be better to search for a “vegetarian lasagna recipe” if you want a reasonable search result. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Try to think of words that will only appear in relevant documents. Don’t be vague! Activity You want to go on a mountain climbing expedition in Nepal and want to source information to help you plan your trip. . Open your browser and search engine of choice and search using the following keywords/phrases: Mountain Mountain climbing “mountain climbing” “Mountain climbing ”+ Nepal Note how many results you get and their relevance to your search. food “mountain climbing” – gives about 1 590 000 possible sites Placing the words in inverted commas changes it into a phrase which is a start to good search habits. The search engine will now look for the phrase and not the separate unrelated words, which makes a more suitable search result possible. But you are not in Nepal yet! “Mountain climbing” Doing a basic search To do a search is as easy as typing a search word or phrase into the search bar and pressing <Enter> or clicking on the Google Search button. This might sound simple, but there is much more to it if you would like to have search results that are relevant to you. The relevance of the search results depends on how well you have phrased your search. If you do not construct your search wording carefully, you may end up with millions of irrelevant results. It is always a good idea to make your search as exact as possible , thinking about what information it is you are really seeking. Searching for the keyword “food” when looking for a recipe, might be far too vague. It would be better to search for a “vegetarian lasagna recipe” if you want a reasonable search result. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Try to think of words that will only appear in relevant documents. Don’t be vague! Activity You want to go on a mountain climbing expedition in Nepal and want to source information to help you plan your trip. . Open your browser and search engine of choice and search using the following keywords/phrases: Mountain Mountain climbing “mountain climbing” “Mountain climbing ”+ Nepal Note how many results you get and their relevance to your search. food “mountain climbing ”+ Nepal – gives you 41200 possible sites. The + in this case means “and” and it forces the search engine to look for the full phrase and the word Nepal anywhere on the page. This results in a significant reduction in search results. You will notice that the results will definitely suit your holiday planning needs! By combining a relevant phrase with a place name it makes your search more relevant. “Mountain climbing ”+nepal Doing a basic search To do a search is as easy as typing a search word or phrase into the search bar and pressing <Enter> or clicking on the Google Search button. This might sound simple, but there is much more to it if you would like to have search results that are relevant to you. The relevance of the search results depends on how well you have phrased your search. If you do not construct your search wording carefully, you may end up with millions of irrelevant results. It is always a good idea to make your search as exact as possible , thinking about what information it is you are really seeking. Searching for the keyword “food” when looking for a recipe, might be far too vague. It would be better to search for a “vegetarian lasagna recipe” if you want a reasonable search result. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Using Google Advanced Search As you do not have time to click on every linked site in the search results, it is essential that the results must be focused on the specific information that you are searching for. For this reason most search engines have an advanced interface that will narrow down your search. You can access the advanced search by clicking on the Advanced Search link next to the search box. From here you can further refine your search criteria. You can: Set multiple filters Eliminate sites using unwanted words Set the page language Control the file type Restrict the domain to search in Restrict the results to recently updated sites. You will notice that your result is significantly narrowed down. The more specific you can be, the more you can reduce the number of results. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Google search tips and tricks Google has a few handy tips and tricks that make it possible to perform more than just ordinary searches. See offline/online tip sheet for a comprehensive list. Did you know that here are even shortcuts to book flights or find PDF’s, straight from your search bar? Click here for a summary tip sheet of Google’s tricks and tips. Calculator Conversions Boolean operators Definitions A few handy examples: Glossaries Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Google search tips and tricks Google has a few handy tips and tricks that make it possible to perform more than just ordinary searches. See offline/online tip sheet for a comprehensive list. Did you know that here are even shortcuts to book flights or find PDF’s, straight from your search bar? Click here for a summary tip sheet of Google’s tricks and tips. Calculator Conversions Boolean operators Definitions A few handy examples: Glossaries You can do calculations straight from your search bar: Search for: 12 + 34 - 56 * 7 / 8 Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Google search tips and tricks Google has a few handy tips and tricks that make it possible to perform more than just ordinary searches. See offline/online tip sheet for a comprehensive list. Did you know that here are even shortcuts to book flights or find PDF’s, straight from your search bar? Click here for a summary tip sheet of Google’s tricks and tips. Calculator Conversions Boolean operators Definitions A few handy examples: Glossaries You can do any kind of unit and exchange rate conversions: 300 Euros in USD 130 lbs in kg Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Google search tips and tricks Google has a few handy tips and tricks that make it possible to perform more than just ordinary searches. See offline/online tip sheet for a comprehensive list. Did you know that here are even shortcuts to book flights or find PDF’s, straight from your search bar? Click here for a summary tip sheet of Google’s tricks and tips. Calculator Conversions Boolean operators Definitions A few handy examples: Glossaries Boolean Operators: + AND biking Italy: the words biking and Italy | OR recycle steel OR iron information on recycling steel or recycling iron “ “ "I have a dream“ the exact phrase I have a dream - NOT salsa –dance the word salsa but NOT the word dance Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Google search tips and tricks Google has a few handy tips and tricks that make it possible to perform more than just ordinary searches. See offline/online tip sheet for a comprehensive list. Did you know that here are even shortcuts to book flights or find PDF’s, straight from your search bar? Click here for a summary tip sheet of Google’s tricks and tips. Calculator Conversions Boolean operators Definitions A few handy examples: Glossaries Definitions: If you are looking for a definition of a word, you can type it directly into the search window define: imbroglio definitions of the word imbroglio from the Web Other options are: define, what is, what are This will show a definition for a word or phrase e.g. define monopsony, what is podcast (Show a definition for the words monopsony and podcast. Note: No colon after define, what is, or what are.) Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Google search tips and tricks Google has a few handy tips and tricks that make it possible to perform more than just ordinary searches. See offline/online tip sheet for a comprehensive list. Did you know that here are even shortcuts to book flights or find PDF’s, straight from your search bar? Click here for a summary tip sheet of Google’s tricks and tips. A few handy examples: Calculator Conversions Boolean operators Glossaries Definitions Glossaries: castle ~glossary Glossaries about castles, as well as dictionaries, lists of terms, terminology, etc. Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Searching a Web-Based Encyclopaedia and Dictionary Apart from using a general search engine like Google,  you can also consult online Encyclopedias and dictionaries. The web has opened up a vast array of electronic encyclopedias and dictionaries. Some are subscription-based, but some are also free to use. The advantage of using web-based reference sites is that they are constantly updated and always available no matter where you find yourself. You can even access them from your mobile phone. Web-Based encyclopedias Other web based encyclopedias: Encyclopaedia Britannica: www.britannica.com World Fact Book : http://www.bartleby.com Searching an Encyclopaedia To search for a topic in an encyclopaedia, look for the search textbox. Enter your topic in the text box and hit Search . This will take you to text in the encyclopaedia containing the words you have entered (wide search). Wikipedia is one of the search choices in your search bar. You will just have to remember to change your search from Google to Wikipedia by clicking on the dropdown arrow and choosing Wikipedia . Online Activity To read more about Wikipedia and if its entries are authoritative, click here . The most used electronic encyclopaedia is Wikipedia. Wikipedia is based on wiki-technology which means that anybody can add and edit the encyclopaedia. This process is overseen by editors who make sure that all submitted entries are of a good standard and they have policies in place that state that all content has to be verifiable and based on recognised reliable sources . Wikipedia is a good place to start off scholarly research, but you need to make sure that you consult all the original sources referred to in articles for a more holistic academic approach. Activity Search for “online encyclopaedias” in Wikipedia and add the page as a bookmark . Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Searching a Web-Based Encyclopaedia and Dictionary Apart from using a general search engine like Google,  you can also consult online Encyclopedias and dictionaries. The web has opened up a vast array of electronic encyclopedias and dictionaries. Some are subscription-based, but some are also free to use. The advantage of using web-based reference sites is that they are constantly updated and always available no matter where you find yourself. You can even access them from your mobile phone. Web-Based encyclopedias Other web based encyclopedias: Encyclopaedia Britannica: www.britannica.com World Fact Book : http://www.bartleby.com Searching an Encyclopaedia To search for a topic in an encyclopaedia, look for the search textbox. Enter your topic in the text box and hit Search . This will take you to text in the encyclopaedia containing the words you have entered (wide search). Wikipedia is one of the search choices in your search bar. You will just have to remember to change your search from Google to Wikipedia by clicking on the dropdown arrow and choosing Wikipedia . Online Activity To read more about Wikipedia and if its entries are authoritative, click here . The most used electronic encyclopaedia is Wikipedia. Wikipedia is based on wiki-technology which means that anybody can add and edit the encyclopaedia. This process is overseen by editors who make sure that all submitted entries are of a good standard and they have policies in place that state that all content has to be verifiable and based on recognised reliable sources . Wikipedia is a good place to start off scholarly research, but you need to make sure that you consult all the original sources referred to in articles for a more holistic academic approach. Activity Search for “online encyclopaedias” in Wikipedia and add the page as a bookmark . Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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Webster’s Online Dictionary (includes a dictionary and multilingual thesaurus): www.websters-online-dictionary.org/ Web-based Dictionaries There are several dictionaries available on-line. Some are free and others are subscription-based. Some examples are: The Free Dictionary (includes a dictionary and thesaurus): http://thefreedictionary.com MACMILLAN Dictionary (www.macmillandictionary.com). Online Activity For more online dictionaries, click here . Module 1 Unit 1 Technology literacy How to search effectively

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