Aviation Situational Awareness

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In this presentation you will read a simple aviation English explanation about situational awareness and how runway incursions happen. You will also watch a video of a real incursion, courtesy of aviation media incorporated. Please leave your comments below so that I can find out if you would like more aviation English lessons like this.

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Presentation Transcript

Operational and Human Factors Providence Rhode Island Runway Incursions :

Aviation English level: Intermediate Operational and Human Factors Providence Rhode Island Runway Incursions working Involving people

General English and standard phraseology help stop runway incursions (accidents and traffic problems on the apron and runways). :

General English and standard phraseology help stop runway incursions (accidents and traffic problems on the apron and runways). Can you see the DHL Airbus on your left? Taxi via Alpha and Lima, hold short of Sierra. (General English (aviation context) (standard phraseology) Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

Here are some factors that lead to incursions. These factors can be a problem for all pilots, including native English speakers (people who grow up speaking English). :

Here are some factors that lead to incursions. These factors can be a problem for all pilots, including native English speakers (people who grow up speaking English). Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

Communication Runway incursions happen because of many operational, weather and location problems. :

Communication Runway incursions happen because of many operational, weather and location problems. Created by practiceICAOenglish.com working

Operational and Human Factors A big problem for runway incursions is when pilots do not know the airport layout ; their location and what is happening around them. (no situational awareness):

Operational and Human Factors A big problem for runway incursions is when pilots do not know the airport layout ; their location and what is happening around them. (no situational awareness) Created by practiceICAOenglish.com working Involving people

Controllers May not know where aircraft are. They also may not be able to think about traffic problems that might happen in the near future. (no situational awareness):

Controllers May not know where aircraft are. They also may not be able to think about traffic problems that might happen in the near future. (no situational awareness) Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

Pilots and controllers can lose situational awareness because of weather:

Pilots and controllers can lose situational awareness because of weather Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

lots of activity (movement) in and around the airport. :

lots of activity (movement) in and around the airport. and Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

Air crew who can’t work well together and problems within ATC can also cause loss of situational awareness. :

Air crew who can’t work well together and problems within ATC can also cause loss of situational awareness. Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

Weather factors Any weather that stops the crew from seeing well can be dangerous and add to the possibility of a runway incursion. :

Weather factors Any weather that stops the crew from seeing well can be dangerous and add to the possibility of a runway incursion. Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

Low visibility conditions: :

Low visibility conditions: Created by practiceICAOenglish.com t hick fog rain dust haze

Slide 12:

Visibility on taxiway lower than expected RVR Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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Position of the sun versus pilot’s eyes Created by practiceICAOenglish.com Sun shining into a pilot’s eyes may cause problems.

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reflection of the sun on wet surfaces blinding the pilots Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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Snow and/or icing covering airport surface markings Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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Night time operations. Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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Airport factors Many airport factors may affect pilot situational awareness, distract the crew (make them think of other things and not the task they are doing), or lead to crew confusion: Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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Congested (busy) airports with many different-sized aircraft, and with many vehicles Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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pedestrians moving on the airport surface, Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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Close-spaced parallel runways, Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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crossing runways, Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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high speed turn-off, complex (difficult) and confusing intersections, etc … Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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Unfamiliarity with the airport Where do I have to go? Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

Now watch the video. Look out for the factors that cause the runway incursion.:

Now watch the video. Look out for the factors that cause the runway incursion. Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

Slide 25:

Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

If you would like to see more aviation English lessons at this English level, please leave a comment below or contact me on: rachel@practiceICAOenglish.com :

If you would like to see more aviation English lessons at this English level, please leave a comment below or contact me on: rachel@practiceICAOenglish.com Created by practiceICAOenglish.com

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