Food Nutrients

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FOOD NUTRIENTS By:Nikkie B. M orales

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Food-  is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. Nutrition   -is the process of breaking down food and substances taken in by the mouth to use for energy in the body.

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There are types of food nutrients. Most of us can get enough of these nutrients by eating foods from the major food groups  each  day.

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PROTEINS The chief function of protein in the body  is  to  supply  the  tissue-building  material.

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Fats provide twice as much energy and calories  as  do  carbohydrates  or  protein. Fats are important in the diet to furnish energy, provide essential fatty acids, transport fat-soluble vitamins and aid in their absorption increase  palatability, and  give  a  feeling  of fullness. FATS

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CARBOHYDRATES C arbohydrates  are generally low in calories and fat and high in fiber .

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MINERALS    Twenty   known   minerals    are essential   to  health.  Some  of  the  more   important minerals  will  be  explained  next

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Calcium The most abundant mineral in the bodyis calcium Phosphorus   Phosphorus   is   necessary    forbuilding bones and teeth . Iron Iron  carries  oxygen  in  the  blood. Iodine The most important fact about iodine is that a deficiency of it can cause a goiter . Salt Salt  is  needed  by  everyone.  

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