Asian Influences on the Philippines

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ASIAN INFLUENCES ON THE PHILIPPINES:

ASIAN INFLUENCES ON THE PHILIPPINES

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FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP The Filipino-Chinese Trade probably started during the T'ang Dynasty (618-907)

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It peaked during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) The Philippines was a very important center of Chinese Trade. They reached the different parts of the country using the JUNK . - 400 up to 500 passengers visited the Babuyan Islands, Ilocos , Laguna, Cebu, Bohol and Cagayan de Oro FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP

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Announcing of the arrival - SOUND A BIG DRUM On the deck of the junk were the different things being sold. Silk cloth, porcelain, umbrellas, gold thread, etc. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP

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Natives exchanged honey, rattan furniture, cotton, pearls, fruits, etc. Travel to the Philippines took about 20 days. Trading lasted only about 4 to 5 days per area. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP

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INFLUENCES: Use of jars for burials of bones. they could bring the remnants of their relatives anywhere FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP

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INFLUENCES 2. Food food like TOFU, HOPIA, LOMI, BACHOY, GOTO, SIOPAO, LUMPIA, SIOMAI, ETC. Chinese ingredients: BIHON, KINCHAY, PETCHAY, TOGE, MISWA, ETC. - Filipinos also learned how to plant these vegetables. FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP

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INFLUENCES 3. Use of Filipino words borrowed from China - Most of these words are from the Amoy dialect A CHI ATE KO A KUYA TAU KUA TOKWA BI KO BIKO HI KAU HIKAW BAK KHIAQ BAKYA (see pages 187-188) FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP

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INFLUENCES 4. Established the first convenience store: THE SARI-SARI STORE sold everything for your convenience FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP

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INFLUENCES 5. Arranged Marriage 6. Wearing of yellow for nobility FILIPINO-CHINESE RELATIONSHIP

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FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP First relations started around 800 A.D. This relationship was based purely on commerce. Proof of this relationship are different images made of CLAY, GOLD and BRASS. 21 carat gold image found in Agusan - Golden Tara metallic image of Ganesh the elephant god medallion of Padmapani (Padma)

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Filipino customs similar of Hindus. burial practice of dead sitting on a chair (Ifugao) 2. Sanskrit words found in Visayan and Maguindanao languages SANSKRIT TAGALOG tara tala (to record) lekkha likha (to create) ahi ahas (snake) swamin asawa (spouse) guru guro (teacher) aya yaya (nurse) FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP

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INDIAN CLOTHING: PUTONG SARONG FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP

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2. INDIAN INFLUENCES: a. Spices like CURRY b. Fish Sauce: PATIS c. Coconut Milk: GATA d. Religion: BUDDHISM FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP

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3. INDIAN INFLUENCES: a. ampalaya b. sampaguita c. mango d. champaka FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP

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4. INDIAN INFLUENCES: a. Giving of dowry to the bride b. Worship of many gods and goddesses c. Giving of fresh flower garlands FILIPINO-INDIAN RELATIONSHIP

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The Japanese introduced: DUCK FARMING/RAISING FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP

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2. Other Japanese influences: a. Removing of slippers before entering the house… b. Bonsai planting FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP

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Other Japanese influences: a. Origami b. Martial Arts: JUDO FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP

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3. Other Japanese influences: a. Animal skin tanning b. manufacturing of guns FILIPINO-JAPANESE RELATIONSHIP

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ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES Arabs improved on the relationships between the Philippines and other Asian countries -Arabia was the center of the Arab Empire It was the center of commerce from India, China and Africa Arabia was the center of Islamic religion

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Usual trade items: textile, wool, calico (a kind of cloth) metal tools, gold bullions jewelry and other precious gems Carpet weaving Pearl diving Perfume making and wine drinking ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES

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BACKGROUND ON ISLAM… Spaniards : Christianity Arabs : Islam Started in 622 A.D. when Mohammad escaped from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina) Mohammad was born in 570 A.D. and died at the age of 62 He joined the Kuraysh tribe and learned how to trade and married a rich widow named Khadijah The Angel Gabriel appeared to him in his dream and told him to make a religion that will worship only one God

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This religion will be called Islam, “Full surrender to Allah” His uncle Abu Bakr and his wife were the first converts Priests in Arabia plotted to kill Mohammad thus he left Mecca (hegira) and stayed in the city of the prophet (Medina) Went back to convert the non-believers of Islam in Mecca (jihad) BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…

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ARRIVAL OF MUSLIMS ACCORDING TO THE TARSILA Tarsila - a written document on the leaders and descendants of a famous Muslim, ex. Mohammad In Sulu, there is a tarsila about Makhdum Karim, a leader in Tawi-Tawi. In Sulu, the first Arab Community started in the 15th century under SHARIF ABU-BAKR . BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…

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SHARIF ABU BAKR - missionary who married the daughter of Rajah Baguinda. - converted the whole community of Sulu into Islam - introduced the SHARI'A (SACRED ORDERS) - declared himself SULTAN - recognized as the 1st Sultan of Sulu established the 1st MADRASAHS (schools that teach the Qu'ran) - introduced Arabian literature BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…

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SHARIF MOHAMMAD KABUNGSUWAN arrived in 1457 and also proclaimed himself sultan - soon most parts of Mindanao also accepted Islam all the way up to Luzon BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…

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TEACHINGS OF ISLAM A devoted Muslim has to fulfil certain obligations: 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM SHAHADAH – DECLARATION OF FAITH Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad; "Ashadu anla ilaha ila allah, washadu anna Muhammedan rasolallah." The only purpose in life is to serve and obey GOD. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…

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5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 2. SALAH Establishment of the daily prayers; 5 times a day pray, they pray the SALAH God is Great. 4x I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God. 2x I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God. 2x Come to prayer! 2x Come to success! 2x God is Great! 2x There is none worthy of worship except God. BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…

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5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 3. ZAKAH or ZAKAT Concern for the poor Almsgiving to the needy 4. SAWM Self-purification through fasting -every year in the month of RAMADAN, from sun up to sun down, no drinking no eating BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…

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5 PILLARS OF ISLAM 5. HAJJ The pilgrimage to Makkah (Mecca) for those who are able O ne who has seen Mecca is CALLED HADJI (SACRED PERSON) BACKGROUND ON ISLAM…

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ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES THE MOSQUE From the Arab word “masjid” which means “a place of worship” A ritual of prayers with movements like standing, bowing, sitting and kneeling.

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ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES Okir Designs Old houses have Okir designs on the beams of the houses

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ARAB INFLUENCE ON THE PHILIPPINES The Arabs were the first to introduce weapons used a explosives. LANTAKA – a small Muslim cannon made of brass

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