An Introduction to Differentiation

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Presentation Description

A short guide to differentiation within the classroom - useful in thinking through how to respond to dyslexia, ADHD, autism etc.

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By: mohikk (10 month(s) ago)

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Presentation Transcript

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Dealing with difference, everyday

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Why do we need to differentiate?

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Wouldn’t teaching be easy if… All students arrived in Y7 with the same skills. All students arrived in Y7 with the same areas for development. All students learnt at the same speed. All students had the same interests for us to connect with. All students had the same experiences for us to build on.

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SIMS might be difficult…

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but making progress probably wouldn’t…

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unfortunately humans aren’t like that…

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even when we try to be the same, we can’t manage it… If you were a Toy Story alien, what would you look like?

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that very thing that makes us human, is what makes us different… 2% of our body weight 75% water using one-fifth of our oxygen supply and calorie intake pumped into 100,000 miles worth of tiny blood vessels to power 100billion nerve cells working continuously and efficiently at 10 – 23 watts , equivalent of a small light bulb capable of holding more single pieces of information than atoms in the known universe

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t he brain;

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yet the differences run deep… each look the same on the outside… cerebrum brain stem cerebellum neurons synapses

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the cerebrum is built for constant learning… but not identically so…

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we now know the cerebrum can have differences in proportions…

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we now know the cerebrum can be wired very differently…

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these differences are rooted in our genes… My great great great great great great grandfather made me forget me homework…

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these differences are rooted in our early experiences…

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and these experiences can count… I didn’t do my homework because my social-economic background is a precluding barrier… x2 Children born prematurely (between 32 to 35 weeks) are twice as likely to develop behaviour and emotional problems later in childhood. 30% Compared to children born in September, children born in August are 30% more likely to be below average readers by the age of 7. 1537 Children from families on benefits hear 616 words per day whilst children from middle-class professional families hear 2153 words. 11-year-old pupils eligible for free school meals are around twice as likely not to achieve basic standards in literacy and numeracy as other 11-year-old pupils. 2-1

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and these differences can become firmly rooted…

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so what are we to do about it? but we’re not neuroscientists, we’re educators…

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What do we mean by differentiation?

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Differentiation is the matching of work to the differing capabilities of individuals or groups of learners in order to extend their learning. what Ofsted say…

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what our students say…

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Wave 1 – Mainstream Provision Wave 2 – Additional Support Wave 3 – Alternative Provision & Support Curriculum Planning In-Class Support Staffing Bosco Centre Behaviour for Learning Policy Curriculum Delivery Learning Support Interventions Curriculum Interventions CPL Pastoral Interventions Multi-Faceted Assessment and Tracking Nurture Group Vocational Curriculum the school’s big vision

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from one size fits all model… average-range students make progress above-average students are not pushed forward enough below-average students are left behind well below-average students derail!

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to a best fit model…

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but this all still rests on the everyday classroom… 76%

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How should we approach differentiation?

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“Three Rules of Work: Out of clutter find simplicity; From discord find harmony; In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity.” what Einstein said… and what he also said… "If I would be a young man again and had to decide how to make my living, I would not try to become a scientist or scholar or teacher. I would rather choose to be a plumber…”

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in 140 characters… How we differentiate: identify a cohort → differences + things in common 2. plan a curriculum – to match & extend 3. deliver – flexibly!

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identifying cohorts… Verbal CAT scores across Y7

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how this manifests within a group… Fair trade coffee is coffee which is bought directly from the farmers instead of international companies. Fair trade coffee is one of many certified fair trade products available around the world. Fair trade coffee is grown in Brazil, Kenya, Mexico, India, Ethiopia, Uganda and Colombia. Cargo planes and ships are used to transport them thousands of miles to places like Britain, Germany, Italy, France and Spain. The aim of fair trade is to promote healthier working conditions and greater financial benefits for farmers. Farmers are guaranteed a minimum price for the coffee, and if market prices exceed the minimum price, they receive a share of the profits. Fair Trade coffee has become increasingly popular over the last 10 years, and is now offered at most shops and cafes. Fair trade coffee costs more to buy than other coffee. Critics say shops and cafes are exploiting fair trade by putting prices up and keeping the profits for themselves. In 2005, 35,000 tons of 7million produced worldwide were fair trade. In Britain, 15000 tons of fair trade coffee is sold each year. This is equivalent to 6million cups of coffee per day. Fair trade tea is also as popular in Britain with 9million cups being drunk every day. Fair trade coffee is coffee which is bought directly from the farmers instead of international companies. Fair trade coffee is one of many certified fair trade products available around the world. Fair trade coffee is grown in Brazil, Kenya, Mexico, India, Ethiopia, Uganda and Colombia . Cargo planes and ships are used to transport them thousands of miles to places like Britain, Germany, Italy, France and Spain. The aim of fair trade is to promote healthier working conditions and greater financial benefits for farmers. Farmers are guaranteed a minimum price for the coffee, and if market prices exceed the minimum price, they receive a share of the profits. Fair Trade coffee has become increasingly popular over the last 10 years, and is now offered at most shops and cafes. Fair trade coffee costs more to buy than other coffee. Critics say shops and cafes are exploiting fair trade by putting prices up and keeping the profits for themselves. In 2005, 35,000 tons of 7million produced worldwide were fair trade. In Britain, 15000 tons of fair trade coffee is sold each year. This is equivalent to 6million cups of coffee per day. Fair trade tea is also as popular in Britain with 9million cups being drunk every day.

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so do we find an easier text? do we leave the text as it is and just hope most of them get it?

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or do we invest in a bit of tweaking and learning?

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prep and coach… key terms line tracker word highlighter glossary lines 4 - 9 time

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1 Fair trade coffee is coffee which is bought directly from the farmers instead of international 2 companies. Fair trade coffee is one of many certified fair trade products available around 3 the world. 4 Fair trade coffee is grown in Brazil, Kenya, Mexico, India, Ethiopia, Uganda and Colombia. 5 Cargo planes and ships are used to transport them thousands of miles to places like Britain, 6 Germany, Italy, France and Spain. 7 The aim of fair trade is to promote healthier working conditions and greater financial benefits 8 for farmers. Farmers are guaranteed a minimum price for the coffee, and if market prices 9 exceed the minimum price, they receive a share of the profits. 10 Fair Trade coffee has become increasingly popular over the last 10 years, and is now 11 offered at most shops and cafes. Fair trade coffee costs more to buy than other coffee. 12 Critics say shops and cafes are exploiting fair trade by putting prices up and keeping the 13 profits for themselves. 14 In 2005, 35,000 tons of 7million produced worldwide were fair trade. In Britain, 15000 tons of 15 fair trade coffee is sold each year. This is equivalent to 6million cups of coffee per day. Fair 16 trade tea is also as popular in Britain with 9million cups being drunk every day. adapt the resource… Ext:

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MUST - Describe the features of Fair Trade. (leaflet) and/or/then SHOULD - Explain the arguments for and against Fair Trade. (interview with different people – UK customer, UK campaigner, Brazilian farmer etc.) and/or/then COULD - Justify your own opinion or predict the trend for the future (internet research task) grade the follow-up tasks…

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that’s what today is all about… easy yet effective differentiation… where our students need it most…

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as Einstein said… “Make everything as simple as possible, but not simpler.”

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Copyright , Matt Grant, 2012 All rights reserved. Permission to present this material and distribute freely for non-commercial purposes is granted, provided this copyright notice and those in the slides remain intact and is included in the distribution. If you modify this work, please note where you have modified it, as I want neither credit nor responsibility for your work. Modification for the purpose of taking credit for my work or otherwise circumventing the spirit of this license is not allowed, and will be considered a copyright violation. Any suggestions and corrections are appreciated and may be incorporated into future versions of this work, and credited as appropriate. If you believe I have infringed copyright, please contact me via the above website and I will promptly credit , amend or remove the material in question. For further resources or to contact the author, please visit : www.HumansNotRobots.co.uk

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