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Slide 3: HISTORY OF IMF The International Monetary Fund Was created in 1944, at the Bretton Woods conference to prevent the kinds of chain reaction in the economic system that caused world currencies to collapse like in the Great Depression of the 1930s. Bretton wood agreement was contracted in 1944 and IMF was created in 1946. IMF started to make service with IBRD (international bank of reconstruction and development) in 1947. The IMF was created to support orderly international currency exchanges and to help nations having balance of payment problems through short term loans of cash. Slide 4: ABOUT IMF IMF headquarters is in Washington D.C , U.S.A Five largest shareholders are United States, Japan, Germany, France, United Kingdom. China, Russia, and Saudi Arabia have their own seats on the Board. 16 other Executive Directors are elected for two year terms by groups of countries, known as “Constituencies”. Total quotas of $312 billion; outstanding loans of $71 billion to 82 countries (According to the report of August 31, 2005). The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization of 186 countries. Slide 5: GROWTH IN IMF MEMBERSHIP (1945-2003) In the beginning 29 member countries Today, 186 member countries. Staff of about 2680 persons. Two-thirds are economists in 139 countries. Headquarters in Washington, D.C. Slide 6: PURPOSES OF IMF IMF promote international monetary cooperation . expansion and balanced growth of international trade. IMF promote exchange rate stability . help establish multilateral system of payments and eliminate foreign exchange restrictions. IMF make resources of the Fund available to members. Foster economic growth and high levels of employment. IMF can make the price of foreign money to be safe. IMF can solve the problem of countries that doesn’t want to allow the foreign money to make their currency’s value higher. Slide 7: ROLE OF IMF Focusing on its core macroeconomic and financial areas of responsibility. Working in a complementary fashion with other institutions established. Collection and allocation of reserves. Rendering advice to member countries on their international monetary affairs. Promoting research in various areas of international economics and monetary economics. Providing a forum for discussion and consultation among member countries. Being in the center of competence. Slide 8: FUNCTIONS OF IMF Surveillance (like a doctor) Gathering data and assessing economic policies of countries. Technical Assistance (like a teacher) Strengthening human skills and institutional capacity of countries. Financial Assistance (like a banker) Lending to countries to support reforms Slide 9: MEMBERSHIP AND GOVERNANCE 186 Member States Board of Governors (1 from Each State) Managing Director Executive Board (24 Members) Weighted Voting System: US Representative holds 17% of total Voting Power 27 Countries together hold 1.4% of total Voting Power Decisions are most often made by consensus, rather than fractious parliamentary fights. Board of Governors: one governor from each member country. Meets once a year. Day to day affairs are guided by the Executive Board & 24 Executive Directors. Managing Director of IMF is Chairman of Executive Board. Slide 10: India and the imf India and the IMF has a positive relationship. The IMF has provided financial assistance to India, which has helped in boosting the country's economy. The IMF praised the country for it was able to avoid the Asian Financial Crisis in 1999 and was also able to maintain the average rate of growth of its economy. The Managing Director of International Monetary Fund Rodrigo De Rato visited India in May 2005. In 2005, the IMF said that the budget of India is very positive for it points that the economy of the country will grow at the rate of 6.7%. International Monetary Fund said that the reasons behind the economy growth of India are that the RBI has been able to control inflation and has also handled its monetary policies very skillfully. The IMF has suggested that India can become a financial super power by bringing in more reforms in its economic policies that will increase its growth rate to 8%. Slide 11: conclusion The IMF works to foster global growth and economic stability. It provides policy advice and financing to members in economic difficulties and also works with developing nations to help them achieve macroeconomic stability and reduce poverty. Thank you… You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.