4. Technology and Social Change

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Technology & Social Change:

Technology & Social Change

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Technological changes force societies to make adjustments - accommodate Sociologists, psychologists and anthropologists try to measure the impact of technology on humanity We should Focus on the effects of technology on the individual, the family and societies Introduction

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Technology is an instrument of change & opportunity i.e. the invention of the printing press in Europe - Opportunities for learning, and creating the potential for mass literacy Consequences : skill of memorization & oral recitation diminish Technology Brings Change

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Looks at the factors contributing to change within the structures of society Societal changes are initiated by the individual person who shares an idea with his/her community (leads to creation of a new method of communication, an invention, object, etc.) If that idea is accepted by the community, society changes to adapt to the new idea/technology Social Change Theory

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Opposes Social Change Theory and the belief that societal changes are initiated by the individual Believes social change is initiated by another force: technology Technology has more of an impact on us than we are willing to admit i.e. – invention of computer – taking on a life of its own after it has been introduced, with society simply reacting to the new technology Technological Determinism

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"We shape our tools, and our tools shape us." – Marshall McLuhan – U of T professor Traditional schools claim that a change in human thinking and communicating is accompanied by technological innovation – technology being simply a natural partner in the process People prefer to see themselves as masters of their own destiny and not to see technology as their masters Technological Determinism

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Most Canadians watch television at some point of the day What did people do before the invention of the television? Socialized, read, etc. So…. technology, in this case television, has modified people's behaviour Technological Determinism

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Thank you…

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