MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

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MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES:

MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES H.SATHISH KUMAR , CLASS X, RICE – MMS.

CONTENT::

CONTENT: Classification of Industry Iron & Steel Fertilizer Cement Cotton Jute Electronics and IT Automobile Sugar Aluminium

IMPORTANCE OF MANUFACTURING:

IMPORTANCE OF MANUFACTURING

Industrial Location:

Industrial Location

Classification of Industries:

Classification of Industries Classification on the basis of source of raw materials used: • Agro based: cotton, woollen, jute, silk textile, rubber and sugar, tea, coffee, edible oil. • Mineral based: iron and steel, cement, aluminium, machine tools, petrochemicals.

Classification according to their main role::

Classification according to their main role: Basic or key industries which supply their products or raw materials to manufacture other goods e.g. iron and steel and copper smelting, aluminum smelting. Consumer industries that produce goods for direct use by consumers – sugar, toothpaste, paper, sewing machines, fans etc.

Classification on the basis of capital investment: •:

Classification on the basis of capital investment: • A small scale industry is defined with reference to the maximum investment allowed on the assets of a unit. At present the maximum investment allowed is rupees one crore . If investment is more than one crore on any industry then it is known as a large scale industry.

On the basis of ownership::

On the basis of ownership: • Public sector, owned and operated by government agencies – BHEL, SAIL etc. • Private sector industries owned and operated by individuals or a group of individuals –Reliance, TATA, Bajaj Auto Ltd., Dabur Industries. • J oint sector industries which are jointly run by the state and individuals or a group of individuals. Oil India Ltd. (OIL) is jointly owned by public and private sector. • Cooperative sector industries are owned and operated by the producers or suppliers of raw materials, workers or both. They pool in the resources and share the profits or losses proportionately such as the sugar industry in Maharashtra, the coir industry in Kerala. Example: Amul , Lijjat Papd .

Based on the bulk and weight of raw material and finished goods::

Based on the bulk and weight of raw material and finished goods: • Heavy industries such as iron and steel • Light industries that use light raw materials and produce light goods such as electrical industries.

Textile Industry::

Textile Industry:

Cotton Textiles:

Cotton Textiles

Exports:

Exports

Problems:

Problems

COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY.:

COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY.

Jute Industry::

Jute Industry:

National Jute Policy in 2005.:

National Jute Policy in 2005.

JUTE INDUSTRY:

JUTE INDUSTRY

Sugar Industry:

Sugar Industry

SUGAR INDUSTRY:

SUGAR INDUSTRY

Iron & Steel Industry:

Iron & Steel Industry

IRON & STEEL INDUSTRY:

IRON & STEEL INDUSTRY

Aluminium Smelting:

Aluminium Smelting

ALUMINIUM SMELTING:

ALUMINIUM SMELTING

Chemical Industry:

Chemical Industry

CHEMICAL INDUSTRY:

CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

Fertilizer Industry:

Fertilizer Industry

FERTILIZER INDUSTRY:

FERTILIZER INDUSTRY

Cement Industry:

Cement Industry

CEMENT INDUSTRY:

CEMENT INDUSTRY

Automobile Industry:

Automobile Industry

AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY:

AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY

Information Technology:

Information Technology

IT:

IT

Pollution & Environment degradation:

Pollution & Environment degradation

Save Environment:

Save Environment

NTPC:

NTPC

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