ELI WHITNEY - Narrated

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By: jmiddleb97 (46 month(s) ago)

can i show my teacher this??

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ELI WHITNEY: : 

ELI WHITNEY: A Documentary By Austin Schulz The Man Who Changed American Industry

Eli Whitney: Early years : 

Eli Whitney: Early years born on December 8, 1765 in Westborough, Massachusetts Eldest child of a prosperous farmer Mother died when he was 11 years old Showed interest in mechanical things and tinkering at an early age & worked as a blacksmith

ELI WHITNEY: Education And Employment : 

ELI WHITNEY: Education And Employment Graduated from Yale College at the age of 27 Upon graduation, he could not find a job as an engineer Moved to South Carolina and then to Georgia to take teaching jobs - both fell through While in Georgia, he met Catherine Greene, who offered to let him stay at her Georgia plantation – Mulberry Grove - and work in the fields

ELI WHITNEY: Cotton growing before the cotton gin : 

ELI WHITNEY: Cotton growing before the cotton gin When Eli arrived in Georgia, cotton was really only grown along the coast, where the variety was easily separated from the seeds. Inland varieties were sticky. Mrs. Greene encouraged Eli to invent a machine to separate the fibers and Seeds.

Slide 5: 

ELI WHITNEY: The first Cotton Gin

ELI WHITNEY: Cotton Gin Patent – March 14, 1794 : 

ELI WHITNEY: Cotton Gin Patent – March 14, 1794

ELI WHITNEY: Effects of the Cotton Gin : 

ELI WHITNEY: Effects of the Cotton Gin After the patent of the cotton gin, Eli and his business partner, Phineas Miller, sought to set up a gin business, charging 2/5ths of the cotton Copies of Eli’s gins were made by others and patent infringement lawsuits sprang up Cotton production greatly increased, giving rise to “King Cotton” in the South Some have argued the invention of the Cotton Gin increased the country’s dependence on slave labor and led to the civil War

ELI WHITNEY: The Cotton Gin today : 

ELI WHITNEY: The Cotton Gin today Eli’s first gins took hours to work and jammed often Modern cotton gins still use the process invented by Eli, but process cotton much faster!

ELI WHITNEY: After the Cotton Gin : 

ELI WHITNEY: After the Cotton Gin Eli returned to New Haven, Connecticut in the late 1790s, nearly bankrupt and deeply in debt from the patent litigation In 1798, he got a contract from the U.S. Government to make muskets for the military Eli came up with the idea of using interchangeable parts on the production line, so that when a part broke, only a new part was needed, not a whole new gun

ELI WHITNEY: Interchangeable parts and muskets : 

ELI WHITNEY: Interchangeable parts and muskets

ELI WHITNEY: Interchangeable parts : 

ELI WHITNEY: Interchangeable parts repairs, rather than replacement of the whole gun now possible Did not need experts (who took a long time) to make parts Made the “mass production” line possible

ELI WHITNEY: Birth of the mass production line and the Industrial Revolution : 

ELI WHITNEY: Birth of the mass production line and the Industrial Revolution Interchangeable parts and the mass production line led to the Industrial Revolution This created many jobs Today, interchangeable parts and production lines are still used – even with robots!

ELI WHITNEY: Personal life : 

ELI WHITNEY: Personal life Eli married Henrietta Edwards in 1817 at the age of 52 Eli and Henrietta had four children together Eli retired from his job in 1820 Eli died on January 8, 1825 from prostate cancer. While he was sick, he invented medical devices to ease his pain. Eli and his descendants are buried in New Haven’s historic Grove Street Cemetery

ELI WHITNEY: What I learned and how he changed the world : 

ELI WHITNEY: What I learned and how he changed the world Discussion Questions?