sst world war

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hrithik gothi of central academy jodhpur cantt IX H

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MYSELF HRITHIK G THI CLASS IX H

World War I The War to End All Wars 1914 - 1918:

World War I The War to End All Wars 1914 - 1918

World War I:

World War I World war I from 28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918 Location- Europe, Africa, the Middle East, the pacific Island, China and off the coast of South and North America

LITTLE WARS WHICH CREATED A HUGE WORLD WAR:

LITTLE WARS WHICH CREATED A HUGE WORLD WAR BALKAN WAR I (1912-1913) BALKAN WAR II (1913) JULY CRISIS (28 TH JUNE 1914) STARCHAN ARGUES (28 TH JULY 1914) FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR (30 TH JULY 1914)

IT INVOLVED:

IT INVOLVED It involved all the world's great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances: The Allies (centered around the Triple Entente of Britain, France and Russia) . The Central Powers (originally centered around the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria- Hungary and Italy). More than 70 million military personnel.

COMMANDERS & LEADERS :

COMMANDERS & LEADERS Raymond Poincare Georges Clemenceau Ferdinand Foch H. H. Asquith David Lloyd George Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg Erich Ludendorff Franz Joseph I

:

ALLIED POWERS IN GREEN. CENTRAL POWERS IN ORANGE. NEUTRAL POWERS IN GRAY. MAP OF PARTICIPATING COUNTRIES IN WORLD WAR I

TANKS OF WORLD WAR I:

TANKS OF WORLD WAR I CANADIAN TANK RUSSIAN TANK

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Distribution of Races in Austria-Hungary"

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PLANES GERMAN PLANE BRITISHER’S PLANE

BATTLES OF WORLD WAR:

BATTLES OF WORLD WAR Battle of Tannenberg (182,000 total casualties) Battle of Arras (278,000 total casualties) Battle of Gallipoli (473,000 total casualties) First Battle of the Marnes (483,000 total casualties Serbian Campaign (633,500+ total casualties) Battle of Passchendaele (848,614 total casualties) Battle of Verdun (976,000 total casualties) Battle of the Somme (1,219,201 total casualties) Spring Offensive (1,539,715 total casualties)

CAUSES:

CAUSES FRENCH 1.4 MILION UNKNOWN SOLDIERS DIED. 6 MILLION SOLDIERS DIED OF EUROPIAN ARMY. RUSSIANS HAD ABOUT 25 MILLION INFECTIOUS PEOPLE. OVERALL 50 MILLIONS PEOPLE WERE DIED DUE TO DISEASES. 60,000–200,000 CIVILIAN JEWSWERE KILLED. 625,000 CANADIANS DIED.

Result:

Result Allied victory End of the German, Russian Ottoman , and Austro- Hungarian empires Formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East Transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers Establishment of the League of Nations .

What was WWII?:

What was WWII? Largest war in human history. Involved countries, colonies, and territories around the entire world. By the end, over 70 million were dead. It lasted from 1939 until 1945 .

Causes:

Causes W WI and the Treaty of Versailles A ppeasement R ise of Totalitarianism

WWI and the Treaty of Versailles:

WWI and the Treaty of Versailles Germany lost land to surrounding nations War reparations Allies collect $ to pay back war debts to US Germany pays $57 trillion (modern day equivalent) Germans are bankrupt, embarrassed, guilt ridden, and angry. Desperate people turn to desperate leaders

Appeasement:

Appeasement Giving someone something to make them happy and leave you alone. Hitler demanded land that wasn’t Germany’s and others just gave it to him. Nations were trying to prevent war…it didn’t work. (Isolationism) Appeasement just showed Hitler that he could do whatever he wanted.

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“Peace in Our Time!”

Rise of Totalitarianism:

Rise of Totalitarianism A system in which the state and its leader have nearly TOTAL control. Individual rights are not viewed as important as the needs of the nation. No right to vote No free speech Government controlled economy Often a police state

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Adolf Hitler Germany Hideki Tojo Japan Benito Mussolini Italy Josef Stalin USSR

What is Fascism?:

What is Fascism? Political belief that says the individual is less important than the nation. Glorifies violence, believes it is needed to “prove” strength of a people. Uses nationalism and racism. Dictatorships. Italy and then Germany became fascist.

How did WWII start?:

How did WWII start? Germany invaded Poland to get lebensraum

What did Hitler Want?:

What did Hitler Want ? Militarism - soon after becoming chancellor he begins rearming Germany breaking the Treaty of Versailles Rhineland - moves troops into the Rhineland territory again breaking the Treaty of Versailles Lebensraum - “living space” Austria - annexed peacefully in 1938 Sudetenland – territory in Czechoslovakia Given to Germany by Great Britain and France Hitler then invades the rest of Czechoslovakia What’s this called? ______________________ On to Poland

How did WWII start?:

How did WWII start? Germany invaded Poland. Allies declare war on Germany. Germany then invades France, Belgium, etc. Then Hitler invades Russia. Germans use “blitzkrieg” to overwhelm other armies. Blitzkrieg means “lightening war” in German. Surround with tanks and troops in trucks.

Who was on each side?:

Who was on each side? Axis Powers Germany Italy Japan Allied Powers Great Britain Soviet Union United States France Surrendered to Germany in 1940 after 6 weeks

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A HUGE EXPLOSION CREATED DUE TO WORLD WAR II ATOMIC EXPLOSION AT NAGASAKI

How did WWII end in Europe?:

How did WWII end in Europe? Operation Overlord- Allied invasion of France. Also called D-Day. Within a month 1 million Allied troops were stationed in Europe. Germany is surrounded with the USSR to the east Germany surrenders in 1945 after Hitler commits suicide.

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PACIFIC WAR

How did WWII end in Europe?:

How did WWII end in Europe? Allies divide Germany up between them. This helps start the Cold War. Trials are held in Germany (and Japan) to try the people responsible for the war. Many are executed and jailed for war crimes.

What was the Holocaust? :

What was the Holocaust? Nazi plan to kill all Jews. Why? Hitler’s provided a to Germany’s problems 6 million Jews murdered in camps in Europe. 5 million others ( gypsies, mentally ill, homosexuals) Total of 11 million exterminated What is genocide? Purposely trying to exterminate an entire group of people (ethnic, religious, racial).

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COLONIZATION 1945

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USED FOR BATTLES SUPER MARINES GAS MASK

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MILITARY PRODUCTION DURING WORLD WAR II

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Soviet partisans hanged by German forces in January 1943

WAR COSTS:

WAR COSTS US Debt 1940 - $9 Billion US Debt 1945 - $98 Billion WWII cost $330 billion – 10 times the cost of WWI & equivalent to all previous federal spending since 1776

Losses of the Major Wartime Powers in WWII, 1939-1945:

Losses of the Major Wartime Powers in WWII, 1939-1945 Germany 4.5 million military 2 million civilian Japan 2 million military 350,000 civilians Italy 400,000 military 100,000 civilian China 2.5 million military 7.4 million civilians USSR 10 million military 10 million civilians Great Britain 300,000 military 50,000 civilians France 250,000 military 350,000 civilian United States 274,000 military

CONCLUSION:

CONCLUSION Allied victory Dissolution of the Third Reich. Creation of the United Nations. Emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as superpowers Beginning of the Cold War.

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