What is diabetes Symptoms of diabetes and tips to prevent diabetes

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Presentation Description

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels that result from defects in insulin secretion, or its action, or both.


Presentation Transcript

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What is diabetes Symptoms of diabetes and tips to prevent diabetes What is diabetes Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar glucose levels that result from defects in insulin secretion or its action or both. Diabetes mellitus commonly referred to as diabetes as it will be in this article was first identified as a disease associated with "sweet urine" and excessive muscle loss in the ancient world. Elevated levels of blood glucose hyperglycemia lead to spillage of glucose into the urine hence the term sweet urine. Diabetes often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose either because insulin production is inadequate or because the bodys cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience urin they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry .

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Normally blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level. When the blood glucose elevates for example after eating food insulin is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level by promoting the uptake of glucose into body cells. In patients with diabetes the absence of insufficient production of or lack of response to insulin causes hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition meaning that although it can be controlled it lasts a lifetime. Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar glucose in the blood. Insulin produced by the pancreas lowers blood glucose. Absence or insufficient production of insulin or an inability of the body to properly use insulin causes diabetes. Here is ganga ram hospital share Symptoms of diabetes. Symptoms of diabetes include •increased urine output •excessive thirst •weight loss •hunger •fatigue •skin problems •slow healing wounds •yeast infections and •tingling or numbness in the feet or toes.

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10 tips to help prevent type 2 diabetes Here are some tips to help you reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes. 1.Check your risk of diabetes. Take the Life risk assessment test and learn more about your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. A 12+ score indicates that you are at high risk and may be eligible for the Life program - a free Victorian lifestyle modification program that helps you reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. 2.Manage your weight. Excess body fat particularly if stored around the abdomen can increase the body’s resistance to the hormone insulin. This can lead to type 2 diabetes. 3.Exercise regularly. Moderate physical activity on most days of the week helps manage weight reduce blood glucose levels and may also improve blood pressure and cholesterol. 4.Eat a balanced healthy diet. Reduce the amount of fat in your diet especially saturated and trans fats. Eat more fruit vegetables and high-fibre foods. Cut back on salt. 5.Limit takeaway and processed foods. ‘Convenience meals’ are usually high in salt fat and kilojoules. It’s best to cook for yourself using fresh ingredients whenever possible. 6.Limit your alcohol intake. Too much alcohol can lead to weight gain and may increase your blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Men should have no more than two standard drinks a day and women should have no more than one.

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7.Quit smoking. Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as non-smokers. 8.Control your blood pressure. Most people can do this with regular exercise a balanced diet and by keeping a healthy weight. In some cases you might need medication prescribed by your doctor. 9.Reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease have many risk factors in common including obesity and physical inactivity. 10.See your doctor for regular check-ups. As you get older it’s a good idea to regularly check your blood glucose blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.

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