The creation of empire-mughal empire

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The creation of empire-mughal empire:

By Lubna 7 h The creation of empire - mughal empire

Who were the Mughals?:

Who were the Mughals? The Mughals were the descendents of great rulers from the fathers side. They were descendents of Timur, the ruler of Iran, Iraq and modern Turkey. From the mother’s side the Mughals were the descendents of Ghenghis Khan, who was the ruler of Mongol tribes in China and central Asia.

Babar:

Babar

About Babar:

About Babar Babur was a Muslim conqueror from Central Asia who, following a series of setbacks, finally succeeded in laying the basis for the Mughal dynasty of South Asia . Babur was born on February 23 ] in the town of Andijan , in the Fergana Valley in contemporary Uzbekistan . He was the eldest son of Omar Sheykh Mirza ruler of the Fergana Valley, the son of Abū Saʿīd Mirza and his wife Qutlugh Nigar Khanum , daughter of Yunus Khan , the ruler of Moghulistan

Humayun:

Humayun

Humayun:

Humayun Nasir ud -din Muhammad Humayun was the second Mughal Emperor who ruled present day Afghanistan , Pakistan , and parts of northern India from 1530–1540 and again from 1555–1556. Like his father, Babur , he lost his kingdom early, but with Persian aid, he eventually regained an even larger one. On the eve of his death in 1556, the Mughal empire spanned almost one million square kilometers.

AKBAR:

AKBAR

AKBAR:

AKBAR Akbar), also known as Shahanshah Akbar-e- Azam or Akbar the Great (23 November 1542 – 27 October 1605), [2] [3] was the third Mughal Emperor . Akbar was thirteen years old when he ascended the Mughal throne in Delhi (February 1556), following the death of his father Humayun. During his reign, he eliminated military threats from the powerful Pashtun descendants of Sher Shah Suri , and at the Second Battle of Panipat he decisively defeated the newly self-declared Hindu king Hemu . Shahzade (son of the emperor) Akbar was born on 23 November 1542 (the fourth day of Rajab , 949 AH ), at the Rajput Fortress of Umerkot in Sindh (in modern day Pakistan ), where Emperor Humayun and his recently wedded wife, Hamida Banu Begum of Paat village were taking refuge. At birth Akbar was named Badruddin , because he was born on the night of a badr .

Akbar’s administration:

Akbar’s administration Akbar's system of central government was based on the system that had evolved since the Delhi Sultanate , but the functions of various departments were carefully reorganised by laying down detailed regulations for their functioning: [46] The revenue department was headed by a wazir , responsible for all finances and management of jagir and inam lands. The head of the military was called the mir bakshi , appointed from among the leading nobles of the court. The mir bakshi was in charge of intelligence gathering, and also made recommendations to the emperor for military appointments and promotions. The mir saman was in charge of the imperial household, including the harems, and supervised the functioning of the court and royal bodyguard . The judiciary was a separate organization headed by a chief qazi , who was also responsible for religious endowments.

Akbar’s relation with Christians:

Akbar’s relation with Christians Akbar met Portuguese Jesuit priests and sent an ambassador to Goa, requesting them to send two missionaries to his court so that he could understand Christian doctrines better. In response, the Portuguese sent Monserrate and Acquaviva who remained at Akbar's court for three years and left accounts of their visit. [109] In 1603 a written firman was granted at the request of the Christian priests allowing them to make willing converts. [110] Even armed with the firman , however, the missionaries found it extremely difficult to carry out their work: the Viceroy of Lahore, Qulij Khan, a staunch Muslim official, employed tactics of harassment that caused many Christians to flee from Lahore and Father Pinheiro went in fear of death

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