Emancipatory Research

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Who Am I to Know What is Best For Others? : 

Who Am I to Know What is Best For Others? Understanding Emancipatory Research Hollie C. Campanella Medical University of South Carolina

Understanding Emancipatory Research: : 

Understanding Emancipatory Research: Historical & Philosophical Backgrounds Goals Tenets Methods Challenges

Slide 3: 

“…in our enthusiasm to liberate that knowledge and that person, let us respect the right of the individual to refuse liberation. It is the responsibility of all of us not just one single person to confront oppression and enact change.” Malcom Richardson

Historical Evolution : 

Historical Evolution Critical Social Theory Frankfurt School 1930’s Ideology of Kant & Marx 1960’s Habermas Communication Theory Others Foucault Disability studies Feminist Theory

Philosophical Underpinnings : 

Philosophical Underpinnings Kant: Critical Philosophy Marx: Social Revolution Individuals could act rationally in order exert control over their own society and their own history Habermas: Emancipatory knowledge Communication Theory The Institute for Social Research, Frankfurt, Germany

The Influence of Action Research : 

The Influence of Action Research 1940’s Lewin: Action Research Argyris: Action Science Heron & Reason: Cooperative Inquiry Research ‘with’ rather than ‘on’ people & all active participants are fully involved in research decisions as co-researchers Freire's: Participatory Action Research (PAR) Popular methodology for intervention, development & change within communities & groups

The Making of A Methodology : 

The Making of A Methodology

Goal of Emancipatory Research : 

Goal of Emancipatory Research Challenge inequities Disrupt the status quo

Tenets of Emancipatory Research : 

Tenets of Emancipatory Research All relationships involve in imbalance of power The participants themselves are the best experts on their life situations Consciousness can be raised through the production of knowledge Individuals can be emancipated through enlightenment & access to knowledge

Emancipatory Research : 

Emancipatory Research Research Questions “Broad lens” Areas commonly used Disability research Sight & Hearing Intellectual & Physical Nursing Child Health Mental Health Education

Emancipatory Research : 

Emancipatory Research Qualitative or Quantitative Methods? Staying True: Critically reflect on the implications of the work Consider the power differential between participant & researcher Roles of Autonomy & Responsibility Consider individual or group’s ability to participate Reflect upon your ability to be respectful of the participant’s perspective How will you establish & maintain relationships with participants? How will you deal with conflicts?

Emancipatory Research : 

Emancipatory Research Researcher Skills: Genuineness Empathy Acceptance Ability to listen Reflexivity Humility Respect “Critical Friend”

Emancipatory Research : 

Emancipatory Research Skills of the Co-Researchers (Participants): Political awareness Ability to change their position Ability to challenge their marginalization

Emancipatory Research : 

Emancipatory Research Methods: Rose & Glass (2008) Intersubjectivity Reflexivity Semi-structured Interviews Storytelling Photo voice Self-Portraits Drama Dance Song

Emancipatory Research : 

Emancipatory Research Challenges: Funding Failure to contribute Raising political issues bias or axe grinding Letting go of control Harm from liberation Time Ethics Researcher vulnerability & stress Realistic

Emancipatory Research : 

Emancipatory Research Summary

References: : 

References: Duckett, P., & Pratt, R. (2007). The emancipation of visually impaired people in social science research practice. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 25(5), 5-20. Freedman, D. (2006). Reflections on the research process: Emancipatory research or emancipatory zeal. Reflective Practice, 7(1), 87-99. French, S., & Swain, J. (1997). Changing disability research: Participating and emancipatory research with disabled people. Physiotherapy, 83(1), 26-32. Gray, R., Fitch, M., Davis, C., & Phillips, C. (2000). Challenges of participatory research: reflections on a study with breast cancer self-help groups. Health Expectations, 3, 243-252. Irwin, L. (2005). The potential contribution of emancipatory research methodologies to the field of child health. Nursing Inquiry, 13(2), 94-102. Oliver, M. Emancipatory Research: Realistic goal or impossible dream? In C. Barners & G. Mercer (Eds.), Doing Disability Research (pp. 15-31). Leeds, England: The Disability Press Perry, J., & Felce, D. (2004). Initial findings on the involvement of people with an intellectual disability in interviewing their peers about quality of life Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 29(2), 164-171. Philosophy Pages (n.d.). Immanuel Kant. Retrieved March 26, 2009 from http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/kant.html Philosophy Pages (n.d.). Karl Marx. Retrieved March 26, 2009, from http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/marx.html Plumb, M., Price, W., & Kavanaugh-Lynch, M. (2004). Funding community-based participatory research: Lessons learned. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 18(4). Richardson, M. (1997). Participatory research method: people with learning disabilities. British Journal of Nursing, 6(19). Ross, J., & Glass, N. (208). The importance of emancipatory research to contemporary nursing practice. Contemporary Nursing, 29(1), 8-22.

References (cont.) : 

References (cont.) Snelling, E. (2005). Hungry researchers: The tensions and dilemmas of developing an emancipatory research project with members of a hearing voices group. Journal of Social Work Practice, 19(2), 131-147. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2007, May 17). Jurgen Habermas. Retrieved March 26, 2009 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/habermas/ Tetley, J., & Hanson, E. (2000). Participatory Research. Nurse Researcher, 8(1), 69-88. Wright, D., Hopkinson, J., Corner, J., & Foster, C. (2006). How to involve cancer patients at te end of life as co-researchers. Palliative Medicine, 20, 821-827.