Slide 2: Relatives: họ hàng Permanently: lâu dài Medical facilities: cơ sở vật chất cho y tế Accessible: (có thể) tiếp cận được Change for the better: thay đổi theo chiều hướng tốt hơn That too: đúng thế
Slide 3: 2. Answer the questions.
Small houses Bicycles Narrow roads High buildings Motorbikes, cars, taxis Long and wide roads Use the present progressive tense
to express future arrangements.
Slide 8: READ. Well-paying jobs: những công việc có thu nhập cao Typhoon: bão Flood: lũ lụt Drought: hạn hán Overcrowding: quá đông đúc Strain on schools and hospitals: áp lực lên trường học và bệnh viện Increased pollution: ô nhiễm môi trường tăng Live part: sống xa nhau
Slide 10: Great pressure: áp lực lớn Terrible event: sự kiện kinh khủng Rural areas >< urban areas: khu vực nông thôn >< thành thị Leave behind: bỏ lại Struggle: cuộc chiến đấu Water and eletricity supplies: cấp điện và nước Migrants: dân nhập cư
Slide 12: Sincerery, Hoa
Slide 17: Để diễn tả sự thay đổi dưới dạng so sánh (hơn), chúng ta dùng: Get/become + (comparative) Adj = trở nên, trở thành
The Present Progressive / Continuous Tense I. Form: Subject affirmative negative interrogative Short forms I I am play ing . I am not play ing . Am I play ing ? I ’m not he, she, it He is play ing . He is not play ing . Is he play ing ? He ’s not / He isn’t you, we, they You are play ing . You are not play ing . Are you play ing ? You ’re not / You aren’t II. Using: (In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on). 1/ Actions taking place at the moment of speaking (now). Ex: He is playing football now. Look! The teacher is arriving.- - at the moment - at present - now / just now / right now - Listen! / Look! (Typical signal words) 2/ Actions taking place around now (but not at the moment of speaking) . Ex: I’m studying for my exams today. Actions taking place only for a limited period of time. Ex: Jim is helping in his brother’s firm this week. - today - this week/month … 3/ Arrangements for the near future. Ex: I am going to the theater tonight. (usually with moving verbs: go, come,leave,depart …) - in the morning / afternoon / evening - at noon / tonight - tomorrow - next … 4/ Development, changing situations . Ex: The population of China is rising very fast. (to get + adj = become, show a change of state) - more and more - to become The weather is becoming cold(er). - to get It’s getting hot(ter). 5/ A repeated action that is causing annoyance or irritation. Ex: She is constantly complaining that her bike
is old. (cứ … mãi) - always - continually - constantly He is always coming to class late. III. Exceptions in spelling: * A single, silent e at the end of the word is dropped before ing. Ex: com e com i ng but agr ee agr ee ing . * The final consonant after a short, stressed vowel is doubled before ing. Ex: s it si tt ing - except (h,w,x,y): fix fixing - * The letter l as final consonant after a vowel is always doubled before ing. Ex: trave l trave ll ing. @ Mind: This applies only for British English; in American English there is usually only one l . trave li ng * An ie at the end of a word becomes y before ing. Ex: l ie l y ing die dying * The following verbs must add k before -ing: traffic traffic k ing picnic picnic k ing mimic mimic k ing Be (am / is / are) + V. ing (present participle) Past Future Moment of speaking Present progressive TTGS HOA THỌ 145 Đỗ Bí, Phú Thạnh, Tân Phú Web: hoatho.notlong.com I’m playing chess. Jenny is ironing a shirt.
Slide 22: FORMING THE COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE Number of syllables Comparative Superlative (two items) (more than two items) One syllable + -er + -est tall tall er tall est Except: 1. One syllable with the spelling consonant + single vowel + consonant double the final consonant: f a t fa tt er fa tt est 2. Ending in e: larg e large r large st 3. Ending in: w, x, z low lower lowest Two syllables + more + most famous more famous most famous Except: 1. Ending in: -y, -le , -er, -ow, -ure short adjective happy (vui vẽ) happier happiest yellow (vàng) yellower yellowest simple (đơn giản) simpler simplest tender (mềm) tenderer tenderest obscure (mờ tối) obscurer obscurest 2. Adjectives ending in '-y' replace the -y with - ier or -iest busy busier busiest But gr a y grayer grayest (wovel + Y) Three syllables or more more + adj most + adj important more important most important expensive more expensive most expensive COMPARATIVE + THAN (Conj) To compare the difference between two people, things or events. Examples: Mt. Everest is higher than Mt. Blanc. Thailand is sunnier than Norway. A car is more expensive than a bicycle. He speaks Spanish more fluenly than I .‘not me’ THE + SUPERLATIVE 'the' is placed before the superlative: For example: He is the richest man in the world. That is the biggest crocodile I have ever seen. She is the most beautiful of her three sisters. IRREGULAR COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES These adjectives have completely irregular comparative and superlative forms: Adjective Comparative Superlative Good/Well better best Bad worse worst Little less least Much/Many more most Far further / farther furthest / farthest Examples: a. A cat is fast , a tiger is faster but a cheetah is the fastest b. A car is heavy , a truck is heavier , but a train is the heaviest c. A park bench is comfortable , a restaurant chair is more comfortable , but a sofa is the most comfortable
Slide 23: The Present Perfect Part A. Directions: Complete each statement with the verb in the present perfect tense. (10 points) 1. He _______ _____________ Mexico many times. (visit) 2. John and Emily ________ ____________ there also. (be) 3. It ________ ___________ twice this week. (snow) 4. I _________ ____________ a doctor about my backache. (see) 5. You ________ ___________ me a lot of help. (give) 6. She _______ __________ a beautiful cake. (make) 7. My car ________ ___________ over 160,000 miles. (go) 8. The students in the classroom _______ ___________ late several times this week. (come) 9. The teacher _________ ___________ to them about this problem. (speak) 10. They _________ ____________ all their homework. (do) Part B. Directions: Make each sentence negative in the present perfect tense. (10 points) 1. She __________ _________ any work yet today. (do) 2. I _________ ____________ any work today either. (do) 3. My cat __________ ___________ home since Tuesday. (be) 4. We _________ never ___________ before. (meet) 5. The computer __________ _____________ well lately. (work) 6. Sara and Ali _________ ___________ the house yet. (leave) 7. He _________ ____________ his bills on time. (pay) 8. You _________ __________ a dentist in several years. (see) 9. They _________ ___________ in Minnesota for very long. (live) 10. I ___________ __________ so much fun in a long time. (have) Part C. Directions: Complete each question with the verb in the present perfect tense. (10 points) 1. ______ he _____________ his dinner yet? (finish) 2. _______ they _____________ this movie before? (see) 3. ________ the plane already _____________? (land) 4. __________ I ____________ to you about this? (talk) 5. _ _ _ the girl with the limp __ ____ to the doctor? (be) 6. __________ the team ever ___________ a game? (win) 7. How long _______ you ____________ each other? (know) 8. Where __________ he ___________? (be) 9. What ___________ they _____________? (do) 10. How many voters _______ the candidate __________ to? (talk)